While doing most of his thinking, Socrates lived in Athens in Greece doing hard labour as a stone- cutter, in the middle of his people and in the open. When we live in the middle of people, we usually discuss things, i.e, in Greece then, whatever was under the Sun, and when we discuss the same things often, we become committed. That is what happened to Socrates and his Times.
The literal translation is:
"The unexamined life is not liveable for a man"
A realistic translation of the Greek words - that is, the thought he was trying to get across - would be:
'Life without analytical thought is not fit for a human being'
His influence has ben small, other than as an object lesson of a man devoting himself to bettering his people by example and getting them to think straight - with no thought of self-aggrandisement, self-interest and self-enrichment.
Now, as then, few people take any notice of his central message, which was to think rationally, logically and sensibly. Today, as in his day, most people are still part of the herd in unthinkingly and uncritically following leaders, 'beliefs', politics, religion, 'good' causes, etc. No Socrates there - but rather the very antithesis of his teaching - blindly following the mob like cattle without thinking it through for themselves.
Plato was one of Socrates's students who then taught Aristotle.
The Socratic method is best done with more than one person to have many view points. First an idea is put forth and then reasons that the idea is untrue or incorrect in some way are brought up.
Socrates thought that the first step towards wisdom must begin with an honest admission of our present ignorance.
Until penitential imprisonment was introduced in the 19th Century CE, prison was essentially a place of restraint where people were kept until they were disposed of - by whipping, execution etc.
Socrates didn't choose to stay in prison - he was kept there awaiting execution after conviction on the capital charge of impiety.
they are friends of utility and pleasure. Alcibiades is befriending Socrates to gain some of his wisdom, while Socrates isn't falling for alcibiades' sexual seductions.
Socrates said that wisdon is limited to the awareness of your own ignorance. Wrongdoing was a consequence of this ignorance because the wrongdoer did not know any better. The best way for people to live was to focus on self development and not look for material wealth
Try looking at Conrad's Heart of Darkness... I believe it's in there.
He was convicted of impiety. This charge was used as it carried the death penalty and get rid of his influence. The real motivation was that he was disruptive - 'corrupting' the youth of Athens by teaching them to think for themselves rather than the normal patterns of following like sheep the beliefs and patterns of the masses, and so threatening the interests and wellbeing of the state.
Socrates, who lived in Greece in the 5th century BC, was the first major philosopher in Western society. There were other philosophers before Socrates, but the significance and importance of his philosophic system were widely publicized in the ancient world, and had a vast impact on the foundations of Democratic society. One of the key concepts in the philosophical system that Socrates taught is the idea of knowing oneself in order to properly understand the world in which we live. While he may not have originated this concept, he was instrumental in making it a central pillar of Western thought.
THE CLASSICAL ANSWER Socrate 470BC-399 BC, he was great philosopher and founder western philosophy. he gave political thoughts and great contribution to ethics. he influenced the Plato & become his student and Aristotle were Plato's students. the life of Socrates we can drive from three contemporary sources,1:dialogue of Plato, and Xenophon (both student of Socrates) and plays of Aristophanes According to Xenophon's story, Socrates purposefully gave a defiant defense to the jury because "he believed he would be better off dead". Xenophon goes on to describe a defense by Socrates that explains the rigors of old age, and how Socrates would be glad to circumvent them by being sentenced to death. It is also understood that Socrates also wished to die because he "actually believed the right time had come for him to die". Xenophon and Plato agree that Socrates had an opportunity to escape, as his followers were able to bribe the prison guards. He chose to stay for several reasons: # He believed that such a flight would indicate a fear of death, which he believed no true philosopher has. # If he fled Athens he, his teaching would fare no better in another country, as he would continue questioning all he met and undoubtedly incur their displeasure. # Having knowingly agreed to live under the city's laws, he implicitly subjected himself to the possibility of being accused of crimes by its citizens and judged guilty by its jury. To do otherwise would have caused him to break his harming the state, an act contrary to Socratic principle. Socrates laid the foundation for modern science.
He died after facing charges such as 'not acknowledging the gods that the city acknowledged' and 'introducing new deities'. When sentenced to death he died by drinking a hemlock based liquid.
The religious-based charges were a cover for the real problem - he had encouraged the youth of Athens to think for themselves, which was threatening to the control exercised by the traditionalists who used religion as one of their control mechanisms, much as today happens with Christianity and Islam.
Socrates is using an Ethos argument. His words are directed more to the audience and whoever overhears, than to Meletus. In his comments, "Nobody will believe you, Meletus, and I am pretty sure that you do not believe yourself. I cannot help thinking, men of Athens, that Meletus is reckless ..." Socrates attacks Meletus' veracity, his truthfulness, and whether anyone should trust him.
To switch to a modern scene, this would be like yelling at a friend during an argument, "Everyone knows you are a cheat! You cheat on homework; you cheat on tests; for all we know, you recklessly cheat in everything you do!" The point has less to do with truth as with undermining the other person's power by undermining it in the hearer's mind.
It was Aristotle, a student of Socrates' follower Plato who was a renowned ancient mathematician, known also as the founder and developer of Logic as a science. Aristotle has written books on pure mathematics and logic, and has contradicted his master Plato in many things. Dialogues and discources of Socrates as recorded by Plato in his works do not portray him as anything like a mathematician.
His sole object was to teach the youth of Athens how to think logically and rationally for themselves.
Socrates was married to the legendary Xanthippe (shocking isn't it?), a younger woman famous for her sharp tongue and said to be the only person to have beaten Socrates in an argument. Her name is now synonymous with a shrewish wife.AnswerSocrates was married to the legendary Xanthippe, a younger woman famous for her sharp tongue and said to be the only person to have beaten Socrates in an argument. Her name is now synonymous with a shrewish wife.
Socrates was married to Xanthippe and had one son with her. At the same time he had a girlfriend named Myrto. He had two sons with Myrto. Some writters claim at last he married Myrto.
Xanthippe may have become such a nagging and shrew wife because Socrates wouldn't except money for his philosophy meetings. This left them broke to properly raise a family.
Socrates unfortunately did not write books. He talked, discussed, debated, discoursed and lectured to his friends, natives and students in their homes, in public places and in the market place. His student and follower Plato recorded the words and arguments of his master and wrote books. It is through the books written by Plato that the world became familiar with the philosophy of Socrates. Many others of his times also wrote books, including his political enemies, in which also his activities, views and opinions were mentioned.
Socrates' death was similar to a Greek tragedy because it did not end in his favor. Like many tragedies, the good guy usually dies or loses.
Foreground left: Plato musing and mourning, recognizable by scroll, inkpot and pen on the ground beside him. In reality he was not present during the last day of his beloved master because of a (pretended?) illness. Moreover his appearance is not appropriate to his real age: he was 29 at that time. Probably David wanted him to represent the ideal type of a philosopher.
The executioner is turning away his face reddened with shame, while he is handing over the cup of hemlock to Socrates.
Socrates himself seems to be speaking about the immortality of soul pointing above with the index-finger of his left hand to the upper regions where the souls of the morally good are supposed to reside. Notice his body that seems to be far too energetic and juvenile considering his age of seventy. David wants him to represent the youthful strength and zeal and fearlessness of the republican movement on the eve of the French Revolution (the painting was produced in 1787). Notice also the chain on the ground in front of Socrates. As Plato doesn't mention anywhere the fact of Socrates being fettered in prison, tjis feature has been added by the painter who wanted to instigate his fellow citizens to break up the chains and to strive for unchained liberty by removing the ancient regime of aristocracy.
In front of Socrates we see Crito, affectionately grasping the leg of his old friend. He had meticulously planned Socrates' escape from the jail - but in vain. Socrates rejected the idea and insisted on abiding by the laws.
The people on the right cannot be identified by name, as far as I know. According to Plato's dialogue "Phaedo" there were about twenty people in the jail.
Correction: the dialogue states in the opening few lines that Socrates had been in chains.
"For the Eleven," he said, "are now with Socrates; they are taking off his chains, and giving orders that he is to die to-day." He soon returned and said that we might come in. On entering we found Socrates just released from chains . . . .
A Philosopher from Athens Greece. He never wrote anything but was the teacher of Plato who started the first University. Plato was in turn the teacher of Aristotle whose writings are basically the foundation of all European and Western education.
Before Socrates Philosophers for the most part argued over things such as whether water air or some other substance made up the universe.
Socrates was the first Philosopher to suggest that we attempt to understand the world in terms of abstract principles.
Yes, 3 sons.
In ancient Greece, people thought that Sokrates were corrupting young people with provocative ideas. Alkibiades was very handsome, yet Sokrates did not sleep with him, even though Alkibiades wanted to, this was because Sokrates did not love him. Platon meant that Sokrates was not a man who would corrupt young people.
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