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What is John Austin's definition of law?
According to Austin "Law is the command of the sovereign and is accepted due to fear of sanction".
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From the related link below: . the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation o…r of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision. The related link below contains other definitions of law also. .
Model law aims at resolving disparities in national laws on arbitration. National laws proved to be inappropriate for international cases; consequently, model law came into ex…istence to solve this inefficiency. Oftentimes, local concepts were used when deciding international cases and the needs of modern practice are not satisfied. Modern law brings the desired harmonization and improvement to national laws.
An authoritative rule of conduct...or i think it is a statementof fact to the effect that a particular phenomenon always occurs ifcertain conditions are present!! but furtherm…ore, i want to confrmmy answer.
austin said that the law is a commend, sovereign authoty and scantion by backdaded . without sovereign has no law. law is a order or commend but all commend is not law accordi…ng to Austin.if violed the law he get fine or punishment. e.g punishment for mader life jail or death.
John Dalton wrote four essays called "Experimental Essays" based on his "Atomic Theory", which explained matter as consisting of discrete atoms, that there was one type of ato…m for each element, and that the compounds were made of combinations of different types of atoms in fixed proportions.
t is natural law in jurisprudence
critically examine austins theory of law
John Austin's "Command Theory" is a concept of law that holds thatlaw is nothing more than a 'command' backed by threat, and is meantto be ubiquitous in its application. Austi…n believed that everylegal system had to have a 'sovereign' who creates the law while atthe same time the sovereign is not subject to it. The sovereign isthe only source of the 'commands' and the sovereign is not subjectto commands by others. Arguments against this theory state that this isan inaccurate description of law, noting that laws may have severalsources and the legislators who enact them are also subject to thesame laws they create.
Statue Laws are Laws made by Parliament.
The Law of Universal Gravitation definition is : E= -GmM/r + mc V This law is different from Newton's , E = -GmM/r in that Newton did not include the vector energy mc V…. Einstein's Law of Gravity, General Relativity also wrong in neglects the vector energy mcV, but Einstein did add a "Cosmological Constant", which he disowned. The basic problem is that Newton and Einstein did not realize that the Universe is quaternion quantities consisting of scalars and vectors. Their equations lead them to concepts like "Dark Energy" and Expanding Universe. When the proper Quaternion Law of Gravity is applied the Universe has no "Dark Energy" and is not expanding and Relativity and Quantum Theory are Unified.
A widely used definition was provided in Dunlop v. Selfridge  AC 847 , when Lord Dunedin approved Pollock 's 1876 Principles of Contract definition of consideratio…n as follows: "An act of forbearance or the promise thereof is the price for which the promise of the other is bought, and the promise thus given for value is enforceable."
Common law is the system of deciding cases that originated in England and which was latter adopted in the U.S.. Common law is based on precedent (legal principles developed in… earlier case law) instead of statutory laws. It is the traditional law of an area or region created by judges when deciding individual disputes or cases. Common law changes over time. The U.S. is a common law country. In all states except Louisiana, which is based on Napoleonic code, the common law of England was adopted as the general law of the state, or varied by statute. Today almost all common law has been enacted into statutes with modern variations by all the states. Broad areas of the law, such as property, contracts and torts are traditionally part of the common law. Because these areas of the law are mostly within the jurisdiction of the states, state courts are the main source of common law. The area of federal common law is primarily limited to federal issues that have not been addressed by a statute. See below link:
International Law is not a real Law, but a positive International Morality.
yes it is .. also called prousts law
John Langshaw Austin was born on March 28, 1911.