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What is the difference between kosher and pareve?
It depends on the ingredients that are used.
Kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of Jewishreligion. These are the rules of kashrut. Reasons for food being considered non-kosher include: . the presenc…e of ingredients derived from non-kosher species, orfrom kosher animals that were not properly slaughtered . a mixture of meat and milk . wine or grape juice (and their derivatives) produced bygentiles . the use of produce from Israel that has not been tithedproperly . the use of cooking utensils and machinery which had previouslybeen used for non-kosher food. Meat In Judaism, many of the laws of Kashrut pertain to animals. TheTorah explicitly states which animals are permitted or forbidden(Deuteronomy ch.14). Kosher slaughter Jewish law states that kosher mammals and birds must be slaughteredaccording to a strict set of guidelines, known as kosher shechita(×©××××). This necessarily eliminates the practice of hunting wildgame for food, unless it can be captured alive and rituallyslaughtered. The slaughtering process has been branded as cruel bysome as the animal may not always lose consciousness immediately. A professional shochet (×©×××), using a large razor-sharp knife withabsolutely no irregularities, nicks or dents, and checked carefullybetween killing each animal, makes a single cut across the throatto a precise depth, severing both carotid arteries, both jugularveins, the vagus nerve, the trachea and the esophagus, no higherthan the epiglottis and no lower than where the cilia begin insidethe trachea, thus causing the animal to lose consciousness veryquickly and to bleed to death. Any variation from this exactprocedure invalidates the process; therefore, if the knife catcheseven for a split second or is found afterward to have developed anyirregularities, or the depth of cut is too shallow, the carcass isnot kosher and is sold as regular meat to the general public. Theshochet must not only be rigorously trained in this procedure, butalso be a pious Jew of good character who observes the Sabbath, andwho remains cognizant that these are God's creatures who aresacrificing their lives for the good of himself and his communityand should not be caused to suffer in any way. Traditionally insmaller communities, the shochet was often the town rabbi or therabbi of one of the local synagogues. Large factories which producekosher meat have professional full time shochtim on staff. Once killed, the animal is opened to determine whether there areany of seventy different illnesses, or growths on its internalorgans, which would render the animal non-kosher. The term glattkosher (although it is often used colloquially to mean "strictlykosher") literally means "smooth", and properly refers to meatwhere the lungs have absolutely no adhesions (i.e. scars fromprevious inflammation), thus there was never a doubt of their notbeing kosher. Countries with laws that prohibit kosher slaughtertypically will require stunning the animal to allegedly lessen thesuffering that occurs while the animal bleeds to death. However,the use of electric shocks to daze the animal is seen by manyJewish authorities as invalidating the kosher process. Animal parts As Jewish law prohibits the consumption of the blood of any bird oranimal, all blood must be removed from the meat, and large bloodvessels drained. This is most commonly done by soaking and salting,but also can be done by a special roasting process. Thehindquarters of a mammal are not kosher unless the sciatic nerveand the fat surrounding it are removed (Genesis 32:32). This is avery time-consuming process demanding a great deal of specialtraining, and is rarely done outside Israel where there is agreater demand for kosher meat. When it is not done thehindquarters of the animal are sold as non-kosher meat. Animal Produce Bee's honey is Kosher, even though bees are not, because the honeyis made by the bee, and is not a secretion of the bee. One basisfor this is that Israel is referred to in the Torah as the "Land ofMilk and Honey," and it is accepted that this reference would notspeak of a non-kosher food. Eggs Eggs from kosher birds are kosher; they are also considered pareve(neutral; neither milk nor meat). Traditionally, eggs are examinedin a glass bowl to ascertain that they contain no blood. Eggscontaining blood in the albumen may be used according to Sephardihalakha (law) if the blood can be removed, but the egg must bediscarded if any blood is found on the yolk. Ashkenazim generallydo not distinguish between blood in the white or on the yolk.Partially-formed eggs found inside slaughtered birds may be eaten,but they must undergo the same process of blood removal as theanimal, and these eggs are considered to be fleishig (meat). Dairy Milk and milk-derived products derived from kosher animals arekosher. Milk from animals which are deemed treifah (ill or injuredwith those conditions mentioned in the Talmud as invalidating ananimal for consumption) is not kosher. The Shulchan Aruch (Yoreh De'ah 115:1) rules one may consume only"cholov yisroel" (××× ××©×¨××), milk produced with a Torah-observantJewish person present. Lacking proper supervision, one cannot besure whether the milk came from a kosher animal. Some recentAmerican rabbinical authorities, most notably Rabbi MosheFeinstein, ruled that the protection provided by the cholov yisroelrule is now not strictly necessary because the regulations imposedby the USDA are so strict that the milk industry can be trusted toregulate themselves (i.e. when they label an item "cow's milk" tonot include milk from any other animal). Haredi and some ModernOrthodox rabbis hold that this leniency cannot be employed and onlymilk and dairy products with milk-to-bottle supervision may beconsumed. Cheese The situation of cheese is complicated by the fact that theproduction of hard cheese usually involves rennet, an enzyme whichsplits milk into curds and whey. Although rennet can be made fromvegetable or microbial sources, most forms are derived from thestomach linings of animals, and therefore are usually non-kosher.Rennet made from the stomachs of kosher-animals, if they have beenslaughtered according to the kosher rules, would itself be kosher,but mixing it with milk would violate the rule against mixing milkand meat, thereby making the resulting cheese non-kosher. Jacob ben Meir, one of the most prominent medieval rabbis,championed the viewpoint that all cheese was kosher, a standpointwhich was practised in communities in Narbonne and Italy.Contemporary Orthodox authorities do not follow this ruling, andhold that cheese requires formal kashrut certification to bekosher, some even arguing that this is necessary for cheese madewith non-animal rennet. In practice, Orthodox Jews, and someConservative Jews who observe the kashrut laws, only eat cheese ifthey are certain that the rennet itself was kosher. Gelatin The status of gelatin is a controversial topic. True gelatinconsists of denatured proteins, and comes from the processed hidesor bones of pigs and cows. Most kosher products today usefish-based gelatin. Another issue with gelatin is whether it is parve ('not dairy, normeat'). A kosher parve 'gelatin' made from vegetable gums such ascarrageenan combined with food starch from tapioca (which is alsosuitable for vegans) is commercially available in supermarketswhich have substantial Kosher food sections. Other gelatin-likematerials available include combinations of carrageen and othervegetable gums, such as guar gum, locust-bean gum, xanthan gum, gumacacia, and agar, chemically modified food starch, and chemicallymodified pectins. Although most gelatin is considered non-kosher, several prominentrabbinic authorities have noted that gelatin undergoes suchextensive processing and chemical changes that it no longer has thestatus of meat, and as such may be considered parve and kosher.This is the position adopted by some Orthodox rabbis, includingRabbi Ovadia Yosef, the former Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel. Prohibition of mixing milk and meat Three times the Torah specifically forbids seething a young goat inits mother's milk (Exodus 23:19, 34:26 and Deuteronomy 14:21). TheTalmudis tradition is that this is a general prohibition againstcooking meat and dairy products together, and against eating such amixture. To help prevent accidental violation of these rules, theOrthodox practice is to classify food into either being meat,dairy, or neither (pareve). Fish are considered parve; but birdsare considered meat. Vegetables Various laws apply to fruits, vegetables and produce. Most of theseapply only to produce of Israel: . Orlah-fruits, harvested from a tree, less than three yearsafter its planting (Mishnah tractate Orlah 3:9, Shulchan ArukhYoreh De'ah 294:9-10; Leviticus ch.19) . Various tithes (Shulchan Aruch ibid ch. 391-393): . Terumah and terumat maaser -originally given to the Kohanim(priestly caste) . Maaser Rishon-originally given to the Levites . Maaser Sheni-originally consumed in Jerusalem or given to thepoor (in specific years) . Shmita-produce from each seventh year (Mishna tractate Shevi'itand Maimonides Hilchot Shevi'it ve-Yovel) . Challah-a portion of dough which must be given to the Kohanim(Mishna tractate Challah, Shulchan Aruch ibid 322-330) There are some restrictions on consumption of produce grown inIsrael. The fruit of a tree for the first three years is notconsumed (in keeping with the law of orlah). For crops grown inIsrael, tithes must be taken and allocated according to theprecepts of the Bible, otherwise the entire crop will not bekosher. In Israel, stores that sell fruits and vegetables willusually display kosher certification. The certificate ("teudah")must be current. Outside of Israel, it is generally accepted by kosher consumersthat all fresh produce is considered kosher and may be purchasedfrom any store without restriction. However, they must be inspectedfor insects. Unprocessed Items All fresh fruits and vegetables are kosher in principle. Jewish lawrequires that they be carefully checked and cleaned to make surethat there are no insects on them, as insects are not kosher. TheOrthodox community is particular not to consume produce which mayhave insect infestation, and they check and wash certain forms ofproduce very carefully. Many Orthodox Jews avoid certainvegetables, such as broccoli, because they may be infested and areexceedingly hard to clean. Some kashrut certifying organizationscompletely recommend against consumption of certain vegetables theydeem impossible to clean. Responding to this issue, some companies now sell thoroughly washedand inspected produce for those who do not wish to do itthemselves. These may or may not meet rabbinical standards forbeing insect-free. Processed Items Processed items (e.g. dry cereals, baked goods, canned fruits andvegetables, frozen vegetables, and dried fruit such as raisins)sometimes include small quantities of non-kosher ingredients. Thisis because these items are often cooked and processed in factoriesusing equipment that is also used for non-kosher foods, or mayinvolve containers used for processing that have been greased withanimal fats. Sometimes additives are introduced, and fruits orvegetables may have been prepared with milk products or withingredients such as non-kosher meat broths. For these reasons, Orthodox rabbis advise against consuming suchproducts without a hechsher (mark of rabbinical certification ofkashrut) being on the product. By contrast, some Conservativerabbis regard a careful reading of the ingredients to be asufficient precaution. However, certain processed foods are usuallyregarded (by most Jews) as being an exception: plain tea, salt,100% cocoa, carbonated water, some frozen fruits, includingberries, and coffee, since these have only very basic processingfrom their natural state. Passover restrictions During Passover, there are additional restrictions on what foodsmay be eaten. Jewish law prohibits the consumption of leavenedproducts during Passover, or any product made from the "fivespecies" of grain (wheat, rye, barley, spelt, or oats)-which mayhave been inadvertently moistened sometime after harvest, and thusbegun the fermentation process which is key to leavening. The onlyexception to this rule is matza, which has been ritually supervisedfrom harvest to packaging to ensure that no leavening has occurred. Ashkenazi Jews are further restricted, by custom, from eating rice,legumes, and corn (collectively called kitniyot) during Passover.Due to the prevalence of corn syrup in American processed foods,many common items are disallowed for Ashkenazic Jews duringPassover. In order to prevent inadvertent consumption of leaven, observantJews either maintain an entirely separate set of dishes, cutlery,pots, pans, etc. for Passover (just as they maintain separate setsof kitchenware year-round for milk and for meat), or they kashertheir year-round dishes by immersing them in boiling water. Due to the high likelihood of leavened material being found in foodwith even a small amount of processing, Jews who observe this ruleregard most commercial products as requiring special Kosher forPassover certification during Passover. Wine and grape products Orthodox Jews will not drink wine produced by non-Jews. Theprohibition on drinking such wine, called "stam yeinam," goes backto ancient times, when wine was used for idolatrous purpose ("yeinnesekh"; meaning wine for offering [to a pagan deity]). One area ofleniency is in regard to pasteurized wine, which falls under thecategory of "cooked wine" ("yayin mevushal"). However, evenmevushal wine is forbidden without a certain degree of supervision. Within Conservative Judaism, the Committee on Jewish Law andStandards approved a responsum ("legal ruling") by Rabbi IsraelSilverman on this subject. He writes that some classical Jewish authorities agree thatChristians are not considered idolaters, and that their productswould not be considered forbidden in this regard. He also notedthat most wine-making in the United States is fully automated.Based on 15th-19th century precedents in responsa literature, heconcluded that wines manufactured by this automated process may notbe classified as wine "manufactured by gentiles", and thus are notprohibited by Jewish law. Fish and meat Mixing fish and meat, while Biblically kosher, is restricted by aTalmudic ruling. It stems from the sages understanding that theconsumption of fish and meat at the same time could be harmful toone's health. The general practice of Orthodox Jews is that whenthey eat fish and meat at the same meal, they use separate platesand utensils. Sephardi Jews also do not mix fish and milk productstogether on the same plate at the same time (Shulchan Aruch).
The difference between Kosher and organic is that "Kosher" food refers to foods that have been prepared according Jewish religious restrictions. While "Organic" food refer…s to foods that have simply been grown the way that farmers have always grown food naturally, until pesticides and other technologies like genetic modification of foods have come along a generation or so ago. If you are interested in obtaining Kosher food imported from Israel, there is a US based company called Holy Food Imports. They import all their products from Israel and sell them throughout the US. Another unique aspect of Holy Foods is that they donate 10% of the proceeds from each sale to various Israeli charities. Their website is at www.holyfoodimports.com however it will not be online until May 1st.
Kosher literally means 'fit'. When food is kosher it means that the food was prepared following the laws of kashrut (Jewish dietary law). (meat- animals that chew their cud an…d have split hooves, fish- fins and scales, all meat must be killed a certain humane way. Milk can only come from a kosher animal, milk and meat cannot be mixed, etc) The word parve is a term used to describe a certain type of kosher food. Something that is parve is dairy and meat free and includes all fruits and vegetables, eggs, and fish. This term is helpful in identifying whether a food can be mixed with meat or milk. There are four categories of food in kashrut: . fleishig - containing meat . milchig - containing dairy . parve - non- dairy, non- meat . treif - not kosher Note: Although fish is considered pareve, it is tradition that fish and meat are not served on the same plate. Also, some groups do not combine fish and dairy.
Kosher food have been produced under the supervision or a Jewish Rabbi, whereas non kosher foods have not. _________ Correction: Kosher food does not require a Rabbi's… involvement. When talking about commercially prepared food, the kitchen has to be supervised by a 'mashgiach'. Any orthodox Jew can be a mashgiach. Kosher food is prepared with kosher ingredients following the laws of kashrut.
"Kosher" is an adjective. "Kashrut" is a noun. Kosher means foods that are allowed according to the Jewish law. The word "Kashrut" has the same grammatical root and would be… used in a sentence like "what is the standard of kashrut on this food;" while "kosher" would be used in a sentence like "who certifies that this is kosher ."
well halal is for Muslims and kosher is for Jewish people ____________________________________________ In addition to the above that is absolutely true: . Halal is an Arabic… word that means allowed per Islam rules and Guides. Accordingly when said halal food it means food allowed for Muslims to eat. . Kosher means allowed food for Jews to eat. . Kosher food is also halah (allowed) food for Muslims to eat.
Yes, but they should say "Kosher for Passover" on the labels.
Bird's Custard Powder is kosher and parev. Instant, Instant Low Fat, and Ready To Serve are all kosher but dairy (not chalav yisrael).
Glatt kosher is stricter, meaning that kosher animals get checked more closely for any scars in their lungs.
No. Pareve means that the food item is neither meat nor dairy, such as fish, eggs, fruit, nuts and veggies. "kosher" can apply to any permitted food, whether dairy, meat or ne…ither.
No, but pareve is a part of kashrut. Within the laws of kashrut, foods fall into one of three categories: dairy, meat, pareve. Pareve refers to neutral foods that do not… contain any meat or dairy, this includes: vegetables, fruits, all edible plants, eggs, and fish.
Kosher is food blessed with holy water and untouched by human hands
No. For instance, fruit from a tree that is less than three years old is neither meat nor dairy, but it isn't kosher. And many fish are not kosher. Eggs with blood spots are n…ot kosher. Wine that hasn't been cooked, and is handled by a gentile or someone who doesn't keep Shabbat becomes non-kosher , but it doesn't become meat or dairy.
All those that are listed as pareve, obviously! Which list are you talking about anyway?