What is the purpose of communism?

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Communism is an economic and political system based on the principle "From each according to their ability, to each according to their need." It stresses that the control of the means of producing economic goods in a society should reside in the hands of those who invest their labor for production. In its ideal form, social classes cease to exist, there is no coercive governmental structures, and everyone lives in abundance without supervision from a ruling class. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels popularized this theory in their 1848 Communist Manifesto.  Communism is a government system that started in 1917 when Vladimir Lenin of Bolshvik party over threw the czar government that was in Russia during the first world war. But the actual Union of Soviet Socialists Republic( USSR ) was not formed until the civial war ended in 1922. As i was saying, communism is an idea taken from Karl Marx. This idea was that everyone was equal. There were no rich people, no poor people. No one was better then each other. Also everyone was to have a job no matter who they were. In a way communism could of been great but i guess it just doesnt work. After World War Two and the liberation of many Nazi occupied countries the Communists started to gain lots of popularity. Nations such as China, North Korea ( after the Korean war ), Vietnam, Cuba and all the Soviet block countries in eatsern Europe and East Germany joined and formed communist governments. As i said the idea was that everyone was equal also the government controlled everything. Every little store or business was runned by the communist government. This is called a command econemy. The United States was afriad of this threat of communism and got caught up in such conflicts as the Korean War 1950-1953, the Vietnam War 1959-1975 and the Cuban missle crises which could of been at any moment a nuclear holocaust. Finally in 1991 the communist government and the cold war ended. All the soviet block countries and east Germany were free to start there own independent governments, but communism still remains in North Korea, Cuba, China and Vietnam.  Communism is a political ideology that seeks to establish a future classless, stateless social organization based upon common ownership of the means of production. It can be classified as a branch of the broader socialist movement. Communism also refers to a variety of political movements which claim the establishment of such a social organization as their ultimate goal.
Early forms of human social organization have been described as "primitive communism." However, communism as a political goal generally is a conjectured form of future social organization which has never been implemented. There is a considerable variety of views among self-identified communists, including Maoism, Trotskyism, council communism, Luxemburgism, and various currents of left communism, which are generally the more widespread varieties. However, various offshoots of the Soviet (what critics call the "Stalinist") and Maoist forms of Marxism-Leninism comprise a particular branch of communism that has the distinction of having been the primary driving force for communism in world politics during most of the 20th Century. The competing branch of Trotskyism has not had such a distinction.
Karl Marx held that society could not be transformed from the capitalist mode of production to the communist mode of production all at once, but required a state transitional period which Marx described as the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat. The communist society Marx envisioned emerging from capitalism has never been implemented, and it remains theoretical. However, the term "Communism", especially when the word is capitalized, is often used to refer to the political and economic regimes under communist parties which claimed to be the dictatorship of the proletariat.
In the late 19th century, Marxist theories motivated socialist parties across Europe, although their policies later developed along the lines of "reforming" capitalism, rather than overthrowing it. The exception was the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party. One branch of this party, commonly known as the Bolsheviks and headed by Vladimir Lenin, succeeded in taking control of the country after the toppling of the Provisional Government in the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1918, this party changed its name to the Communist Party, thus establishing the contemporary distinction between communism and other trends of socialism.
After the success of the October Revolution in Russia, many socialist parties in other countries became communist parties, signaling varying degrees of allegiance to the new Communist Party of the Soviet Union; see Communist International. After World War II, regimes calling themselves communist took power in Eastern Europe, and in 1949, the Communist Party of China (CPC) led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China. Among the other countries in the Third World that adopted a communist form of government at some point were Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Angola, and Mozambique. By the early 1980s almost one-third of the world's population lived in Communist states.
Since the early 1970s, the term "Eurocommunism" was used to refer to the policies of communist parties in western Europe, which sought to break with the tradition of uncritical and unconditional support of the Soviet Union. Such parties were politically active and electorally significant in France and Italy.
There is a history of anti-communism in the United States. However, many sections of South America, Central America and Latin America continue to have strong communist movements of various types.
With the collapse of the communist governments in eastern Europe from the late 1980s and the breakup of the Soviet Union on December 8, 1991, communism's influence has decreased dramatically, though it is still much stronger throughout Europe than it is, or ever was, in the United States. Around a quarter of the world's population still lives in Communist states.
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