What was a radioactive element that the atomic bomb was made from?
Uranium and Plutonium
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The first atomic bomb was made to test the theory that a "super weapon" could be built using the principles of nuclear physics. Ideas of the nature of the physics of the atom developed as the 20th century rolled on, and continued to do so as World War 2 began and raged across the globe. It was felt …that the bomb, which could deliver a massive and almost unimmaginably distructive blast, was possible. And if it was possible, the U.S. had better be the first to have it lest the Axis win the war by developing and deploying it. America, with the help of the British and other European scientists, put together the Manhattan Project to do just that. The rest is history.. Make no mistake about it - the application of the fission reaction to build a weapon (a bomb) was a necessary first step in the development of atomic energy. The world situation, that is, the fact that much of the world was at war, was an undeniable catalyst in the choice to apply nuclear ideas to a weapon, and to design and develop the atomic bomb. (MORE)
In WW2, four are documented: Gadget, Little Boy, Fat Man, and an unnamed one that didn't get used. Design yields all about 20 kilotons. Time span: 2 months. . Total, well over 200,000 on all sides including retired devices whose materials were remanufactured into newer generations of bombs. Design …yields from 10 tons to 100 megatons. Time span: 5 decades. (MORE)
An atomic bomb contains 1) ordinary explosives, 2) certain radioactive elements, and 3) a structure built of other elements that help to trigger the nuclear explosion. A nuclear weapon is essentially a mechanism to initiate the fission of heavy elements (such as uranium and plutonium) into smaller a…toms. An atomic bomb basically contains one or more masses of a fissile element. They are pushed together by the detonation of a small explosive to form what is called a supercritical mass (a critical mass is sufficient material to sustain a chain reaction). When the atoms split, they release neutrons. The neutrons released by one split triggers more splits, which trigger more splits, and so forth in a chain reaction . The reaction spreads throughout the critical mass practically instantaneously. In microseconds, several moles of atoms have a small part of their mass turned to energy, enough to create a fireball with a temperature of millions of degrees. This energy creates the heat pulse and destructive shock wave of the bomb. H-Bomb The hydrogen bomb, or thermonuclear weapon, uses the heat and pressure of the atomic chain reaction to cause fusion of a lighter element (hydrogen), which releases more energy per atom than fission. Some hydrogen bombs create even greater energy by using the fusion reaction to trigger yet another fission reaction in a tamper or blanket of uranium around the bomb. The fission-fusion-fission design creates the most powerful nuclear explosives, up to 100 megatons ( of TNT ) or more. But very few of these huge bombs were ever built, and none are known to exist today. (MORE)
the US originally began the project to make atom bombs to protect itself from the possibility that nazi germany might make them.
Uranium-253 Uranium-235 needed to make a bomb: - 15 kilograms: Weight of a solid sphere of 100 percent uranium-235 just large enough to achieve a critical mass with a beryllium reflector. Diameter of such a sphere: 4.48 in (11.4 cm). Diameter of a regulation softball: 3.82 in (9.7 cm). - 16 k…ilograms: Amount needed for an Iraqi bomb design found by UN inspectors. - 50 kilograms: Weight of a solid sphere of 100 percent uranium-235 just large enough to achieve a critical mass without a reflector. Diameter of such a sphere: 6.74 in (17.2 cm), comparable to an average honeydew melon. - 60 kilograms: Reported amount used in Hiroshima bomb "Little Boy." (MORE)
The first nuclear weapon was constructed by the US in the first half of 1945. This weapon, which was set atop a tower (static test) and code-name Trinity, was detonated on July 16, 1945. The second and third weapons were built later in the year, and these were the pair that was dropped on Japan.
The atomic bomb was created in Los Alamos, New Mexico. many peoplemay think that it was made in New York because the project behindthe building of the atomic bomb was called the Manhattan Project.it is called this because it is named after the location ofColumbia University that held much of the ear…ly research for thenuclear program. Today there is a museum of the atomic bomb in LosAlamos, New Mexico where you can visit and learn more about theatomic bomb. (MORE)
The atomic bomb is based on the principle of fission (breaking atoms apart) or fusion (putting atoms or fragments of atoms together). Fission is when the nucleus of an atom splits releasing an enormous amount of energy, this then can set off a chain reaction which causes a bunch of atoms to fission.… Physicists use about 52 kg of Uranium-235 (this is called the "critical mass" and is the amount needed to have U-235 fission and cause a major chain reaction) and could then be dropped from a plane. Answer If the question is referring NOT to the design of an atomic bomb (which is better answered under the question "How does the atomic bomb work?"), but the actual industrial process used to assemble a working bomb from an already tested and validated blueprint, here is some relevant information (this answer refers specifically to fission weapons and "fusion-boosted" fission weapon, not fusion or boosted fusion weapons): Regardless of the design of an atomic bomb, the primary component is the fission fuel. In a "gun-type" bomb, Uranium-235 is the fuel. In an "implosion" bomb, Plutonium-239 is the fuel. A fusion-boosted atomic bomb uses the implosion design, with the addition of gaseous tritium (Hydrogen-3). Producing the appropriate amounts of fuel for bombs is expensive, time-consuming, and difficult. Uranium-235 generally requires some sort of ultra refining process, most commonly a cascading cyclotron setup using gaseous Uranium. This process starts with raw uranium yellowcake (ore), refines out all non-Uranium elements, then heats the Uranium to vaporize it. A typical refining facility uses 10-20,000 cyclotrons, and consumes an enormous amount of electricity (several dozen Megawatts) to produce 1 kg of weapons-grade U-235 from several hundred tons of yellowcake. Plutonium is produced using what is known as a "fast-breeder" reactor design. This reactor uses standard U-238 fuel, and bombards it with neutrons during operation, turning some of the U-239 into P-239 (plus some into P-240). This is done for a period of time, after which the fuel rods are removed from the reactor, and the rods are refined, separating the P from the remaining U. This process is delicate, as P-240 is NOT good for a bomb, and the longer a rod is in the reactor, the larger percentage of P-240 is produced. So, there is a balancing act between shorter periods of time in the reactor (producing a lower percentage of P-240, but a lower amount total of P-239), and a longer time (requiring additional post-processing). Tritium is generally also produced in fast-breeder reactors, at the same time as the P-239 is. Tritium results from exposure of water to the fission rods - as it is gaseous in form, the reactor must be designed to capture out-gassing vapor from the reactor pile. This captured gas must then have the tritium separated out (usually via a chemical process). Tritium's major problem is its very short self-life: with a half-life of under 12.5 years, bombs using tritium must be frequently "recharged" by replacing the old gas reservoir with new tritium. After the fuel has been refined, the bomb assembly is usually done at a single facility. There are several other significant items which must be obtained ahead of the assembly: . High-quality explosives (generally, some form of RDX derivative). Particularly in the case of the implosion design, explosives with very specific shock-wave producing characteristics must be used. . Very high-precision detonators and timing circuitry (which must be radiation-hardened) . A neutron source (one of several rather unusual elements) . Several other rare-earth elements and "exotic" compounds, which are required for their specific radiation-resistance or neutron-affinity, to be used in the construction of the atomic "pit" (the configuration of the fissile fuel) After these additional materials are obtained, the assembly can begin. Most designs require a rather high level of machining precision, which requires standard CNC-level industrial machine tools, as hand-tooling isn't of sufficient precision. Overall, there are significant problems with manufacturing atomic bombs, as without fairly sophisticated preparations and precautions, there are two main dangers: (a) contamination due to improper handling of the fuel at any stage (from mining, to refining, to processing, to machining the final bomb assembly), and (b) even small mistakes may result in a bomb either failing completely or producing a significantly lower yield than the design would optimally produce. (MORE)
The atom bomb was tested on july 16, 1945. The parts were made in the preceding months.
It was experimented with in different areas: Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; to name a few.
Well they were made by some one who had a braina nd knew how to use it XD
US . Russia . UK . France . China . India . Pakistan . Israel . North Korea
little boy the first atom bomb used uranium 235 and fat man the second one used plutonium 239 surrounded by high explosives little boy used uranium 235 and fat man used plutonium 239
The atomic bomb was developed in the middle of the 20th century, and has been made since then.
albert Einstein ,Robert j. oppenhimer ,Michel montage ,phillip morrson,Leo zilland ,edward tellar ,and enrico fermi
Atomic bombs are very complex weapons designed to force a rapid collapse of fissionable radioactive materials to force them into a critical state. They may have a "conventional bomb" built into them to force this to occur. The active part of the bomb will be very pure isotopes of either Uranium o…r Plutonium. Hydrogen bombs are more complicated, and use Hydrogen, Lithium, or Helium to generate the explosive power, but they essentially require the energy of a fission atomic bomb to start the secondary fusion reaction. (MORE)
Atomic bombs contain uranium (highly enriched in the isotope 235 U) or plutonium (a very specific isotopic composition).
It was made to stop war the war with Japan because they would't surrender for the United States.
Radioactive elements are ones that have too many or two few protons and/or neutrons to achieve stability. For any normally stable isotope, adding or removing neutrons will make a different isotope, and can easily result in an unstable nucleus.
The casing can be made of many things depending on its intendedapplication, but in most cases its some kind of metal. Missilewarheads though usually use a composite casing that ablates duringreentry, preventing the warhead inside from burning up. If you were asking about the bombs dropped in ww2 on… japan, theircasings were made of duralumin an aluminum alloy. (MORE)
The first atomic bombs were developed by the US during World War II (1939-1945) under a military program called the Manhattan Project, which included physicists from many parts of Europe and the world, and was directed by J. Robert Oppenheimer.. ---. Albert Einstein's formula E = mc2 suggested the… energy that atomic fission would release. But Einstein did not directly participate in the invention of the atomic bomb.. On July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb was test detonated at Alamogordo, NM. The two other prototype bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, on August 6th and August 9th.. Physicists who contributed to the development of the bomb included Leo Szilard, Philip Morrison, Hans Bethe, John Van Vleck, Felix Bloch, Emil Konopinski, Robert Serber, Stanley S. Frankel, Eldred C. Nelson, Edward Teller, And Enrico Fermi. The military officer in charge of building atomic weapons was General Leslie Groves.. (see related link) (MORE)
It wasn't, but the Plutonium was. The Columbia River was a convenient source of cooling water for the three Production Reactors built in the Hanford site.
Higher & lower yields . Smaller size . Lighter weight . Improved shock & fire safety . etc.
In 1939, J. Robert Oppenheimer was the first to realize that an atomic bomb could be made as a result of nuclear fission. Prior to this, there were several scientists around the world who knew they were on the verge of discovery. It wasn't until 1945 that the first experiment was conducted.
Atomic Bombs work by using plutonium and uranium to reach a critical mass, at which they explode. The Uranium is a kind of "ring", and is suspended in the warhead. The plutonium is inserted into the ring, which causes an explosion, releasing around 3 or 4 kilotons of energy. This creates the mushroo…m cloud that the weapons are famous for. Then, the sinister part begins. Radiation released when the bomb detonated rains down, killing far more people than the explosion, and continuing to kill for hundreds of years.. The body of the warhead is a plastic alloy, which disintegrates easily. The mssile is made of aluminum or steel, with a titanium exit vector control. (MORE)
Wedges of the metal Plutonium were assembled into a ball shape, and surrounded by explosives. When the explosives detonated, they crushed the ball into a smaller, denser ball, triggering a nuclear fission reaction. This changes Plutonium into other materials, and releases huge amounts of energy very… quickly. However, the first atomic bomb used in war was a different design. A "bullet" of Uranium 235 metal was fired down a gun barrel into a larger mass of Uranium 235. When the two pieces of Uranium were rapidly brought together, the nuclear fission reaction began. (MORE)
Berkelium Neptunium Plutonium Americum Curium Californum Einsteinium Ununtrium Ununquadium Ununpentium Ununhexium Ununseptium Ununoctium Radium Uranium Thorium
The Japanese made no atomic bombs. They did have a nuclear research program, but it was nowhere near making bombs by the time the war ended.
\nIt has to be a fissile material.\n. \nUranium 233, 235.\nPlutonium, 239, 241.\nAmericium, 241.\n. \nOthers exist.
What an interesting question. The answer is however complex. It is possible to make small amounts of some radioactive elements or radioactive isotopes of some elements in a laboratory (usually involving a nuclear pile or an accelerator). For instance the element Plutonium is made this way. (…Other radioactive elements are produced naturally by the radioactive decay of heavier radioactive elements) However, making a radioactive element or isotope from scratch requires the application of an enormous amount of energy. The place where all elements heavier than the element Iron (Fe - Atomic number 26) are made is in stellar explosions, the death of stars 8 or more times more massive than our Sun, called "supernovas". It is in supernova explosions that the radioactive elements are made. (MORE)
About 28 elements were discovered in the laboratory. But after the man made preparation some elements were discovered also in nature in very extremely traces: Pm, Tc, Pu, Np, Am, Cm, Bk.
Simply to put it Yes. Atomic Bombs is a form as Nuclear bomb and Nuclearproducts/elements such as Uranium 235 (a material used in a atomicbomb) emits radioactive particles. Radioactivity Particles =radioactivity.
The 1st atomic bomb codenamed the "Gadget" was exploded on July 16, 1945 SW of Socorro, New Mexico. It was an implosion type bomb using Plutonium 239 . It was a test of nuclear bombs codenamed the "Trinity" test. The 2nd atomic bomb codenamed "Little Boy" was exploded on August 6th, 1945 over th…e city of Hiroshima in Japan. It was a gun type bomb using Uranium 235 . It was the 1st bomb dropped in anger. The 3rd atomic bomb codenamed "Fat Man" was exploded on August 9th, 1945 over the city of Nagasaki. Like the Gadget it was an implosion type bomb using Plutonium core . (MORE)
The project to build the atomic bomb was given the secret code-name of "The Manhattan Project", however the bombs were not built in Manhattan. Check wikipedia for details on actual locations.
Using Einstein's work as a basis the United States developed the A-bomb by utilizing enriched uranium as a source of energy. Not sure how the detonation was achieved.
Probably around 50 to 60 as most of the fallout is fission fragments from fissions of the uranium-238 radiation casing surrounding the fusion stage due to 15MeV fission neutrons generated. About 90% of the bomb yield is from this fission also.
You must be thinking of Oppenheimer. He did not personally make the bomb by himself. Thousands of workers were needed to create and build the three atomic bombs during World War 2. They were developed in the Manhattan Project in several places around the US but the primary place was in New Mexico.
Oppenheimer. Working in New Mexico for the United States of America there were two teams working of 'Atomic' bombs. The most well known were the makers of 'Fat Man' , Model 1561 , the head of the team was J. Robert Oppenheimer . He lead the research of Robert Christy, Klaus Fuchs, and 'Ted' Hal…l. Fuchs and Hall were also spies that were giving this research and development information to the Stalin lead Russian government through American Communist Party members. This bomb was the second unit dropped. Fat Man was detonated on Nagasaki at 1102 on August 9th 1945, which was 1902 (07:02 P.M.) Pacific standard time on August 8th 1945 The other team was 'Little Boy' , Model 1850 , this was a gun assembly used to make an Uranium 'gun' weapon. This was led by Francis Birch . 'Little Boy' was a very unsafe weapon, which caused 'Deke' Parsons to not place the cordite in the weapon until it was ready to be dropped. Little Boy was detonated on Hiroshima at 0916:02 on August 6th 1945, which is 1716:02 on August 5th 1945 Pacific standard time. (MORE)
The USA created the first atomic bomb in New Mexico in the closing stages of World War Two. They used it to defeat Japan.
uranium, an element that only previously found major use as a pottery glaze and component in some steel alloys. it was either used directly, after expensive enrichment in its rare 235 isotope. or after transmutation in a nuclear reactor into a new element, plutonium.
16th July 1945 was the first atomic explosion, at the White Sands Testing Facility near Alamogordo, New Mexico, USA.
Franklin Roosevelt- but he died before the atomic bomb was used. Harry Truman was the next president, and ordered the use of the atomic bomb.
The three atomic bombs were not made on any single specific days. It took them many years to develop and test the atomic bomb. See link below.
The fissile isotopes used in the first bombs are the same as used in current bombs: Uranium-235 and/or Plutonium-239. Plutonium is most common, as can be seen from the following list of the first 5 bomb detonations: . Trinity proof test, Plutonium-239 . Little Boy, Uranium-235, first combat use,… Hiroshima . Fat Man, Plutonium-239, second & last combat use, Nagasaki . Crossroads Able effects test, Plutonium-239 . Crossroads Baker effects test, Plutonium-239 (MORE)
The little boy atomic bomb used on Hiroshima contained Uranium-235.The Fat Man atomic bomb used on Nagasaki contained Plutonium.
There are many different elements involved in the construction of an atomic bomb, but the elements that actually cause an atomic explosion are either uranium (specifically the U 235 isotope) or plutonium.
Yes, not only radioactivity but the fuel must be fissile. If we happened to live on a much older earth, both nuclear reactors and nuclear bombs would be impossible as the Uranium 235 isotope would have decayed to only trace levels. If we happened to live on a much younger earth, nuclear reactors …would occur naturally and spontaneously and you might see radioactive geysers erupting from them near where you live. (MORE)
The United States, with assistance from the United Kingdom and Canada, designed and built the bombs under the codename Manhattan Project naming Robert Opperheimmer head of the team. You could see the basic diagrams of the bomb but the specific specifications remain classified.
if the bomb is a fission bomb it will use uranium 235 for fuel. if the bomb is a thermonuclear bomb (fusion) it will use the element hydrogen and an isotope of hydrogen for fuel.
Back in World War Two, the atomics costs were\ndifferent to todayâs cost in a sense since back them it was not only building the\nbomb but the research on how to get it done. The entire Manhattan Project in\ntotal cost more than 2 billion dollars in history records. .