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What was the most important ancient civilization?

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It depends what important means. In terms of contributions to the modern world, Ancient Greece contributed to Medicine, Science, Art, Engineering and Philosophy and laid the foundations of the Renaissance. However, the Golden Age of Ancient Greece has roots in Ancient Egypt. Rome was an outstanding military force but it's contributions to Art and Science are disproportionate to that of Greece and it is generally considered to have stalled advancements in these areas by conquering the Hellenic world. However the Romans had a contribution in Engineering. The Arabs took over Greece in Mathematics and advanced algebra. It really depends what you consider important. Important in what field? In terms of science and technology I would have to go with Greece.
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Why are ancient African civilization important?

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What is the most important contribution made to the western civilization by ancient rome?

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