What was the most important ancient civilization?

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It depends what important means. In terms of contributions to the modern world, Ancient Greece contributed to Medicine, Science, Art, Engineering and Philosophy and laid the foundations of the Renaissance. However, the Golden Age of Ancient Greece has roots in Ancient Egypt. Rome was an outstanding military force but it's contributions to Art and Science are disproportionate to that of Greece and it is generally considered to have stalled advancements in these areas by conquering the Hellenic world. However the Romans had a contribution in Engineering. The Arabs took over Greece in Mathematics and advanced algebra. It really depends what you consider important. Important in what field? In terms of science and technology I would have to go with Greece.
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Why are ancient African civilization important?

Why are ancient European civilization important? If we are to measure the importance of civilizations, we must ask how we are measuring it. African civilizations are important

Why were rivers important to ancient civilization?

they were important due to the fact that they connected many different civilizations. rivers helped the spread of different cultures and religions. they allowed civilizations

What is the most important contribution made to the western civilization by ancient rome?

The answer to your question requires an opinion and cannot be answered by a solid fact. Ancient Rome gave us so many innovations, that what would be considered important by on

Why was Thucydides important in ancient civilization?

There were three well-known Thucydides - the poet, the historianand the politician. The politician - Thucydides son of Melesias, set up an oppositionparty in Athens as a coun