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After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, the Mormons were being more and more terrorized by mobs in Illinois. During the year of 1846 Brigham Young, the new leader of the Mormons began to assemble the people to get ready to leave Nauvoo and go west. The first wagons began their trek west on February 6th, 1846, and arrived in 1847 the exact date isn't known but the city was founded on July 24th, 1847, and consisted of 148 people with 143 of them being men. For the years to come more and more people came in the following years on the trail that would come to be known as the Mormon Trail and under the direction of Brigham Young.
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They called it Zion. Then when they found out, in order for Utah to become a state, that they would have to separate schools, stores, and public places from religion.
The Mormon Pioneers had established several successful cities in the Midwest previously and knew how it was to be done. The reason they did not stay there was due to persecuti…on by mobs in neighboring towns. Their homes were burned down, their men were beaten, and they were forced out of town. When they moved to Utah, there wasn't anyone to persecute them for miles around. They were organized, hard-working, creative, and industrious. Once they got established, the U.S. Government sent a group of men there. While many Mormons feared they would be kicked out of their homes again, the government men largely left them alone. They were just sent to keep an eye on them.
The Mormons were settled in Nauvoo, Illinois on the banks of the Mississippi river. They were then forced to leave in 1846, essentially the then United States and travel to wh…at is now Utah. Brigham Young, the prophet at the time, led them there, as he saw in a vision the place where they were to go and flourish, as they did in Utah. They reached the Salt Lake valley in 1847.
Dozens of groups travelled the Mormon trail over a period of about 20 years. The length of time it took to travel the trail depended on the starting point, mode of travel, wea…ther conditions, and who was in the party. A group of a few men on horseback or in a small wagon could make it in a matter of a couple weeks. Groups like this consisting of misisonaries assigned to the east coast or Europe were a common sight along the trail. A large group of families traveling in a wagon train would take a few months, and a large group traveling by handcart would take several months. Some started from Illinois, some from St. Louis Missouri, and others from other states in the east, where they had arrived from Europe.
In the winter of 1845-1846, the saints began their preparation to migrate to the West in search of a "New Zion." In the Spring of 1846, they began their large migration and ar…rived in Salt Lake City in 1847.
The Mormon pioneers originally named it Great Salt Lake City, but shortened it to Salt Lake City because the name was so long.
Well, technically, they never found Salt Lake City. They found a large empty valley and built Salt Lake City. They arrived there in July 1847.
The latter day saints, or mormons, moved to Salt Lake City because the were being persecuted in every other state. The moved to somewhere that no one else wanted to be so the …could practice their religion.
About 2000 came to Utah in 1847 with Brigham Young. Entry: 1847: Aug. "Thurs. 26 - '...Between six and seven hundred wagons , with about two thousand souls enter the v…alley that fall." (LDS Church Chronology 1805-1914, page 34) But the Mormons kept coming and about 70,000 Mormons came to Salt Lake City between 1847 and 1867.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the "Mormon" church) does not release membership statistics for anything smaller than a state, so we can't know fo sure. Salt L…ake City is actually quite a diverse, liberal city. Having lived here for over 20 years, I would say about 20-30% of people living inside Salt Lake City boundaries are active, practicing Mormons. A larger number were baptized as children but don't practice the religion today. Most Mormons live in the more family-friendly suburbs surrounding the city. The Salt Lake City Metropolitan area (which includes the surrounding suburbs and smaller cities like Provo and Ogden) is about 70% practicing Mormons - some areas have fewer Mormons (20% or so) and others have more (80-90%), depending on the neighborhood.
because people kicked them out of their land everywhere else they went, they are a religious group that basically believe the same thing as Christians, except that theirs a li…ving prophet in today's times.
The Latter-Day Saints, or "Mormons", originally settled in Independence, Missouri, but were quickly driven out by its other occupants. They then settled in what became Nauvoo,… Illinois, but were driven from that home as well. Their leader, Joseph Smith, was arrested and martyred in Carthage, Illinois. An army actually showed up with a cannon to drive them out of Nauvoo, Illinois. They crossed the frozen Mississippi River and established a temporary settlement before they really knew where they were going. They considered Oregon and California before they heard reports about the valley of the Great Salt Lake.
The Mormons moved to what is now Utah because they had been kicked out of New York, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois due to their religious beliefs. In each of these places they f…aced severe persecution, and they were in search of a place where they could practice their religion in peace.