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Federalism is known as State's Rights. It embodies the concept put in the Constitution by the founding fathers that each state was to be a strong and definite political body in and of itself. The states were to retain most authority to govern their own affairs without interference from the federal government. While we think of our modern America as a democracy, that was not the original intent of the founders. Their concept was for the states to be a group united together under the idea of a free republic. After the Constitutional Convention, when Benjamin Franklin was asked by a citizen what they had been given, he replied, "A republic, if you can keep it". A republic would have less of a central government with more power residing in the individual states.
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The distinction between the three systems is where ultimate sovereignty resides. In a Unitary government, all sovereignty resides at the national level - thus, t…he national government is superior to, and controls all regional and local governments. In such a system, governments report in what looks like a military chain-of-command: local governments report to and are legally subservient to regional governments, which report to and are subservient to the national government. A unitary government has all power concentrated at the national government, which may delegate some of that power elsewhere, but which retains the ultimate say in which entity has that power. In a Confederate government, the nation is made up of constituent states, each state having ultimate sovereignty. This form results in a national government which is more of an association - the central national government has no legal authority over its constituent state (regional) governments, other than the authority those states voluntarily give it (and can withdraw at any time). Confederations are really government-by-voluntary-consensus, with power being retained at the regional (state) level. At the state level in a confederation, most operate as a Unitary government themselves. Federal governments are a blend of the above two opposites. Most federal systems divide up various responsibilities (sovereignty) into categories, then decide that ONE of: the federal (national), the state (regional), or local (town/city) government should be the ultimate sovereign in that area. Generally speaking, this division is based upon the impact of the topic in question: for responsibilities which impact the nation as a whole, the federal government is usually assigned supreme power, while for activities that are regional or local in nature, the regional (or local) government is assigned sovereignty. In all cases, government levels (federal, state, and local) are ultimate responsible solely to their constituent citizens, and do NOT legally report to another government. Thus, under a federal system, a town mayor has no legal responsibility to follow instructions from a state governor or a national president. In terms of practical application, one obvious place that can be seen is the legal system in place: under a Unitary system, there is but one set of courts, and those courts have jurisdiction over all legal cases. In a Confederate system, there tend to be many court systems, with each region/state's court system applying only to cases within that region/state. In a federal system, there tend to be a myriad of court systems, each having different responsibilities based on the type of infraction or case, with different infractions being judged by different courts, and with multiple court systems having possible jurisdiction over a single geographic area.
why should a political system be unitary federal or confederal, because a federal system would allow the state would not be a single fraction, state government would be …smaller and more reposnive to local needs.
A Unitary form of government is one in which sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government, so that the states and localities are dependent on its will. A… Confederal form of government is one in which states are sovereign and the national government is allowed to do only that which the states permit. A Federal form of government is one in which sovereignty is shared, so that in some matters the national government is supreme and in other matters the states are supreme.
A federal system of government is where the power of the government is shared between the states/provinces, etc and the federal government. (example United States) A unitary s…ystem is where the federal government has all the power and provinces have limited power if any at all (France, for example). A confederation is where the central, federal government has left most of the decisions up to the states but retain some power. (E.U. is an example, some argue Switzerland). The U.K. has a unitary system with some devolution. The Scots and Welsh have their own parliaments, but what GB gives, GB can take away.
It's Unitary. Plain and simple. This is most easily seen in the Russian State Duma. Russia is actually considered a Federal Republic with numerous subdivisions and autonomous …regions. However, in terms of actual administration, Russia seems much closer to a Unitary State.
Belgium unitary is federal : look that shi up on google! The partition of Belgium, or the dissolution of the Belgian state through the separation of the Dutch-speaking people …of the Flanders region and Brussels from the French-speaking people of the Walloon region and Brussels, granting them either independence or respective accession to the Netherlands and France, is currently being discussed in the Belgian and international media. The concept is rooted in the long-standing ethnic and socio-economic tensions between the two communities as well as the geographic and cultural continuity of Wallonia with France and that of Flanders with the Netherlands. hope it helps!
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Its actually federal!
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the unitary confederate and federal systems of government?
credit recovery sucks dont it:) this is all i got so far. Pros and Cons of the unitary system of government. Pros: They usually spend tax dollars more effectively because the…re are fewer people trying to get their hands on tax dollars. And management of the economy is much easier because of a smaller government. Cons: No checks and balances to keep the power even. Slowly responding government. Doesn't keep track of local issues. Is a very divisive form of government. And a major bureaucracy. Pros and Cons of the federal system of government. Pros: The laws are passed in one sovereignty. Cons: Soo many rules will be passed that the people get disappointed which will cause many propagandas. be sure to reword it good luck
Israel is a unitary system.
China is neither. China is a centralised (unitary) government where all power is in the central government.
Although the framers of the Constitution wanted to protect states' rights, they also wanted a national government that had sufficient powers to maintain order and keep the… country unified. (taken straight from the book ;) )
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Switzerland is a confederation of 26 semi-independent cantons. A canton is equivalent to what is called a state in English-speaking federal countries.