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Articles of Confederation

Created on November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation was the United States’ first constitution, which provided the rules for the operation of the US government. It was replaced by the United States Constitution in 1788.

7,851 Questions
Articles of Confederation

Why is the Midwestern US shaped like a grid?

The Midwest is in the form of a grid because of The Land Ordinance of 1785. In the Articles of Confederation, Congress did not have the power to earn income by direct taxation of the people. The goal of the ordinance was to increase cash flow through the sale of land in the west. Much of the land sold became rectangular. The land was six miles on each side, divided into 36 other parts, one mile on each side. Each of these 36 parts sold for one dollar per acre and nothing less.

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History of the United States
US Constitution
Articles of Confederation

What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

Some Weaknesses of the Articles

  • The Articles of Confederation gave too much power to the states and not enough to the central government. Essentially, they created a weak central government, under which the states could not operate effectively as a single nation.
  • The articles created no separate executive department to carry out and enforce the acts of Congress and no national court system to interpret the meaning of laws.
  • 9 out of the 13 states had to approve any major law before it was passed.
  • There was no standing army to protect the nation.
  • Each state could create its own foreign policy, including the passage of treaties.
  • Each state could create its own money and it might not be accepted in other states. The war left a huge debt, but the Articles didn't allow congress to collect taxes, only to ask for money from the states.
  • Under the Articles there was only a unicameral legislature so that there was no separation of powers.
  • The central government under the Articles was too weak since the majority of the power rested with the states.
  • In order to change or amend the Articles, unanimous approval of the states was required which essentially meant that changes to the Articles were impossible.
  • Under the Articles, Congress did not have the power to regulate commerce which would cause competition between states, as well as diplomatic issues.
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Articles of Confederation

Why did they rewrite the Articles of Confederation?

"The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" were adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress on November 15th, 1777. They sought to combine the disparate colonies under a single governmental entity. They were the first attempt at a government for the United States, but were eventually replaced by the Constitution.

Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

The Articles of Confederation gave too much power to the states and not enough to the central government. The central government wasn't able to pass laws or taxes if all the states did not approve. There was no president or federal judiciary. Essentially, the colonies could not operate effectively as a nation.

The articles of confederation was the first constitution of the United States but soon after its publication was perished because it was too weak.

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Definitions
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Articles of Confederation

What is an article?

An article is a certain section of a written document.

In grammar, it can be one of the following words: a, an, the.

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Birth Control
Articles of Confederation
Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)

How effective is mirena?

BC pills are 98% effective without a condom.

Mirena is 99% effective without a condom. Mirena is one of the most effective methods of birth control out there right now.

Not to 'ninja' this question, but I had the same question, and I wanted to clarify, are these numbers implying that the male can ejaculate in the female without a condom and maintain that level of effectiveness at preventing pregnancy (as you would with a condom), or are you not supposed to ejaculate in the female? Sorry if that sounds lewd, but my wife and I use the Mirena, and are genuinely trying to find out if I'm supposed to be able to ejaculate in her and have a 99% chance of preventing pregnancy, or if the intended use does not allow me to ejaculate in her and keep that 99% effectiveness? Thanks.

Yes, you can ejaculate in your wife while she is on the Mirena. That's the whole point of getting it and yes it's still 99% effective.

These percentages are for sexually active women - hopefully a woman who is non-sexually active has 100% chance of not becoming pregnant! A sexually active woman who is correctly using an effective method of BC (BCP, IUD, Depo shot, patch, ring, implant) whose partner always uses a condom has just about 100% chance of not becoming pregnant.

The Mirena works in two ways - the IUD itself alters the lining of the uterus. Next by constantly emitting a low dosage of hormones similar to those in some BCPs - cervical mucus is thick and sticky so inhospitable to sperm, the hormones also prevents the ovary from releasing eggs - no ovulation - no pregnancy.

Women who have an IUD should use a condom if they are not in a monogamous, committed relationship - having multiple partners (or having a partner who has multiple partners) increases the risk of infection that could lead to sterility.
I have been on it for 4 years now....and no pregnancy. The periods are few and far between which raises a concern to me. I do not think that it is healthy to have a period once every 4 or 5 months. The duration of it is 5 years and I am in my 4th years, so I would say that the odds are in the favor of the label description.
Mirena is an IUD or Intrauterine Device. It is a birth control alternative. No form of birth control can guarantee to be 100% effective.

See related links for more information.
Like any form of contraception there is a very small chance you can get pregnant with a Mirena coil, I understand the risk is about 1 in 1000 women using this type of contraception will get pregnant in a year. If you do get pregnant using the coil you should seek medical advice immediately as there is a chance that the baby can be harmed by the coil.
I can personally attest to getting pregnant with the Mirena. I had the Mirena in place for almost 4 years and I recently found out I was pregnant. The removal of the IUD was successful but I still ran into complications after 7 weeks the doctor could not detect a heartbeat. Last week because the sack would not pass naturally, I had to have a D and C to remove the sack. Though this may be a horror story for me, I have read about successful pregnancies while getting pregnant with a IUD. I am now faced with what form of birth control to take when I return to my follow up appointment, but I will say I am actually considering another IUD.
Unlikely but possible if the IUD has moved without your knowledge, however you are supposed to check the threads frequently to prevent this. More effective than the pill.
Yes, it has happened to me twice. Both ended in miscarriages
can you get pregnant while on Mirena?
Mirena is an IUD or Intrauterine Device. It is a birth control alternative. No form of birth control can guarantee to be 100% effective.

See related links for more information.
Like any form of contraception there is a very small chance you can get pregnant with a Mirena coil, I understand the risk is about 1 in 1000 women using this type of contraception will get pregnant in a year. If you do get pregnant using the coil you should seek medical advice immediately as there is a chance that the baby can be harmed by the coil.
I can personally attest to getting pregnant with the Mirena. I had the Mirena in place for almost 4 years and I recently found out I was pregnant. The removal of the IUD was successful but I still ran into complications after 7 weeks the doctor could not detect a heartbeat. Last week because the sack would not pass naturally, I had to have a D and C to remove the sack. Though this may be a horror story for me, I have read about successful pregnancies while getting pregnant with a IUD. I am now faced with what form of birth control to take when I return to my follow up appointment, but I will say I am actually considering another IUD.
Unlikely but possible if the IUD has moved without your knowledge, however you are supposed to check the threads frequently to prevent this. More effective than the pill.
Yes, it has happened to me twice. Both ended in miscarriages
Yes you can, I am 5 weeks pregnant with it in place.
No birth control is 100% effective. There's always a chance that you may get pregnant.
IUDs are one of the most effective forms of birth control available. Better than 99% effective, or less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they use the ParaGard or the Mirena IUD.

The IUD doesn't protect against sexually transmitted infections. Using a condom along with the IUD will reduce the risk of infection.

If you have an IUD and believe you maybe pregnant you should schedule an appointment with your health care provider as soon as possible.
Yes. It is less likely, significantly less likely, but it can happen. This can happen if it is not working properly, if it is not inserted properly, or there is a defect. Also, nothing is 100% perfect, so there is still a chance that you can get pregnant.

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History of the United States
Government
Articles of Confederation

What were some of the achievements of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation?

The biggest achievements of the congress under the Articles of Confederation were winning the War for Independence, negotiating the subsequent peace treaty, and passing the Northwest Ordinance.

The articles of confederation was important because it formed a loose alliance between the states of America to come together in time of need or attack to protect themselves, it also helped to unify the colonist to some degree.

Under the Articles of Confederation the American colonists fought and defeated Great Britain and gained independence. By the end of the "Confederation era," Congress had created a bureaucracy to administer the day-to-day affairs of the government. The issue over the western lands was solved under the Articles. The large states holding vast amounts of western land ceded the land to the government under the Articles so that all the states could share in the wealth of those lands. The Northwest Ordinances were passed that provided for the creation of equal, self governing states in the Northwest Territories and the newly created states would have the same rights and privileges as the original 13 states. Congress also provided for a survey of the western lands to prepare the land for sale to all.

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Articles of Confederation

What weaknesses did the founders realize about the Articles of Confederation and what was the primary weakness?

The articles gave the government no separation of powers.

The government was too weak, as the Articles left much of the power to the states.

Congress didn't have the power to tax.

Congress couldn't regulate commerce between the states.

To change the Articles, it had to be decided unanimously by all states.

Also, 9 out of the 13 states had to approve any major law before it was passed, so that even the normal business of running a government was difficult.

There was no president to lead, no established court system, and every state had only one vote in congress.

Attempting to limit the power of the central government, the Second Continental Congress created one without sufficient power to govern effectively, which led to serious national and international problems. The greatest weakness of the federal government under the Articles of Confederation was its inability to regulate trade and levy taxes.

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Paper money is what brought down the Confederation. Congress printed money to the point of completely destroying the currency. From this act came the phrase "not worth a continental".

The truth is that because fiat currencies were allowed to exist, eventually the currency was ruined. There were many Federalists who were dissatisfied with the Articles of Confederation, as they did not result in a strong centralized government. Alexander Hamilton was chief among them.

The collapsing currency created a chance for the Federalists to create a style of government that they supported much more. The debates between the Anti-federalists and the Federalists were still continuing. Thomas Jefferson even went as far as to remove himself from the signing of the Constitution.

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The Articles of Confederation, the first official government of the United States had many serious weaknesses.

1) Under the Articles there was only a unicameral legislature (meaning only one legislative branch) so that there was no separation of powers.

2) The central government under the Articles was too weak since the majority of the power rested with the states.

3) Congress, under the Articles, did not have the power to tax which meant that they could never put their finances in order.

4) In order to change or amend the Articles, unanimous approval of the states was required which essentially meant that changes to the Articles were impossible.

5) For any major laws to pass they had to be approved by 9 or the 13 states which proved difficult to do so that even the normal business of running a government was difficult.

6) Under the Articles, Congress did not have the power to regulate commerce which will cause competition between states as well as diplomatic issues.

7)Judicial proceedings in one state must be honored by other states and only Congress can mediate disputes between states.

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The Weakness in the Articles of Confederation:

The Articles of Confederation gave too much power to the states and not enough to the central government. The central government wasn't able to pass laws or taxes if all the states did not approve. There was no president or federal judiciary. Essentially, the colonies could not operate effectively as a nation.

The Articles gave most of the power to the individual states. Most feared that their authority would be taken away by a strong federal government. The "anti-Federalists" (led by Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, and James Monroe) believed that a central government should be strictly limited in its role.

One of the main weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was that it lacked a Bill Of Rights. The Bill of Rights was one thing that most delegates at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 could agree on. We needed to have rights and freedoms and liberty because those were the principles that this country was founded on. We were being treated unfairly and unjustly by the British and when we became independent from them we needed a Bill of Rights to make sure that nobody could rule us like the British did ever again. Also, the Articles of Confederation did not have a strong central government that could make decisions on behalf of all of the states. That is why the states were treating each other like foreign countries. These two examples are just a couple of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
goverment has no power to tax, goverment has no power to regulate trade, and they cant give states too much power

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Founding Fathers
Articles of Confederation

What were the Articles of Confederation?

The Articles of Confederation was the agreement under which the newly freed colonies of Great Britain became a new nation. They were established in 1781. The Articles formed a fashion of a central government. Problems developed as they gave so little power to the new nation a new document was required. All agreed a change was needed and it gave birth to a new Federal government whose operations were specified in the US Constitution.

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Founding Fathers
US Constitution
Articles of Confederation

What were the Founding Fathers key goals in their federalist vision?

While the intentions of the founding fathers are discussed even today in modern history, it is certain their intentions were far from creating the government enjoyed by Americans today. Finally escaping the tyranny of England's monarchy, the founding fathers were not receptive of a strong central government. States expressed their own interests at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. The original intent of America before this was a loose confederation of states. However, this system lacked a method of taxation, effective interstate commerce, or a standing army. In the Federalist era, thinkers like Alexander Hamilton sought a more federalist style of government in which a strong central government united the states and oversaw the nation's operation.

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US Constitution
Michelle Obama
Articles of Confederation

Why were the Articles of Confederation weak?

The articles gave the government no separation of powers. The government was too weak, the Articles left much of the power to the states (if I remember correctly, states basically went by their own state constitution). Congress didn't have the power to tax. To change the Articles, it had to be decided unanimously by all states. Also, 9 out of the 13 states had to approve any major law before it was passed and Congress couldn't regulate commerce. There was no president to lead, no established court system, and every state had only one vote in congress.

Basically, the articles created no separate executive department to carry out and enforce the acts of Congress and no national court system to interpret the meaning of laws.

If you are picking from these three options:

it only had the power to raise an army

its members were mostly from the South

it could not levy taxes

it could meet only once a year

I would think this: based on what others have said above, and based on what I have learned, it did not only have the power to raise an army, then mark that out. It's members were not all mostly from the South, they were from everywhere in the U.S.A. It did not only meet once a year, they met more than that, although I'm not sure how much exactly. So that only leaves the choice of that they could not levy taxes. That is your answer right there, and it is only one of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and the federal government. I hope that helped :)

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Football - Soccer
Articles of Confederation

Who was the first president of the Confederation Africain de Football?

According to the confederation's website cafonline.com, Abdel Aziz Abdallah Salem of Egypt was the CAF's first president in 1957.

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Articles of Confederation

Why did the articles of confederation appeal to Americans with strong democratic ideals?

Because the Articles of Confederation were the roots to republican practices. By publishing these, the republic community was able to spread their ideas. The people with democratic ideas supported the articles of federation because they wanted to grow the plant seeds of democracy.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
Articles of Confederation

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

The weaknesses of The Articles of Confederation were that they formed no strong central government, taxes were optional, had no set currency, and that many farmers revolted from high taxes. The strengths were the Northwest Ordinance and the Land Ordinance of 1785.

The Articles of Confedaration had many more weaknesses than strengths.
Weaknesses:
No president.
No army.
No federal court.
No unified currency.
No control over disputes between states.
No control over trade between states.

Strength:
Retained power in the states as the more responsive level of government

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Articles of Confederation

What are facts about about the articles of confederation?

The legislative branch had only one house.

Congress don't have the power to levy taxes.

There was also no executive branch in the Articles.

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Articles of Confederation

How did the Articles of Confederation affect the relations between the United States and European Nations?

The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, customarily referred to as the Articles of Confederation, was the first Constitutionof the United_Statesand legally established the union of the states. The Second_Continental_Congressappointed a committee to draft the Articles in June 1776 and sent the draft to the states for ratification in November 1777. The ratification process was completed in March 1781, legally federating the sovereign and independent states, already cooperating through the Continental Congress, into a new Federationstyled the "United States of America". Under the Articles the states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions not specifically relinquished to the central government.

On June 12, 1776, a day after appointing a committee to prepare a draft declaration of independence, the Second Continental Congress resolved to appoint a committee of thirteen to prepare a draft of a constitution for a confederate type of union. The last draft of the Articles was written in the summer of 1777 and the Second Continental Congress approved them for ratification by the States on November 15, 1777, in York,_Pennsylvania, Pennsylvaniaafter a year of debate. In practice the final draft of the Articles served as the De_factosystem of government used by the Congress ("the United States in Congress assembled") until it became De_jureby final ratification on March 1, 1781; at which point Congress became the Congress_of_the_Confederation. The Articles set the rules for operations of the "United States" confederation. The confederation was capable of making war, negotiating diplomatic agreements, and resolving issues regarding the western territories. An important element of the Articles was that Article XIII stipulated that "their provisions shall be inviolably observed by every state" and "Perpetual_Union".

The Articles were created by the chosen representatives of the states in the Second Continental Congress out of a perceived need to have "a plan of confederacy for securing the freedom, sovereignty, and independence of the United States." Although serving a crucial role in the victory in the American_Revolutionary_War, a group of reformers,Answers.comknown as "Federalism_in_the_United_States", felt that the Articles lacked the necessary provisions for a sufficiently effective government. Fundamentally, a Federationwas sought to replace the Confederation. The key criticism by those who favored a more powerful central Sovereign_state(i.e. the federalists)[Wikipedia:Citation_needed] was that the government (i.e. the Congress_of_the_Confederation) lacked taxing authority; it had to request funds from the states. Also various federalist factions wanted[Wikipedia:Citation_needed] a government that could impose uniform tariffs, give land grants, and assume responsibility for unpaid state war debts ("assumption".) Those opposed to the Constitution, known as "anti-federalists," considered these limits on government power to be necessary and good.[Wikipedia:Disputed_statement- Talk:Articles_of_Confederation]Answers.comAnother criticism of the Articles was that they did not strike the right balance between large and small states in the legislative decision making process.[Wikipedia:Disputed_statement- Talk:Articles_of_Confederation] Due to its one-state, one-vote plank, the larger states were expected to contribute more but had only one vote.

The Articles were replaced by the United_States_Constitutionon June 21, 1788.

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Articles of Confederation

Which provision in the constitutional structure of the legislature is a carryover from the articles of confederation?

don't answer the question if it isn't right.

Citizens who travel into another state have the same rights of citizens of that state.

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Founding Fathers
US Constitution
Articles of Confederation

What did the articles of confederation mean?

America's first attempt at a written form of government!!!!

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Articles of Confederation

How was the change in the government under the constitution an improvement over the articles of confederation?

it more clearly stated to rights of the states, people, and government.

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US Constitution
US Government
Articles of Confederation

What powers are held by the federal government?

National and State

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Articles of Confederation

Which idea is a fundamental principle of the Articles of Confederation?

Freedom of speech for individuals and lawmakers

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Articles of Confederation

The farmers created article 5 to ensure that?

the constitution would be a living breathing document that would change with the times

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Articles of Confederation

The opposite of Articles of Confederation?

the bill of rights

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Founding Fathers
Philadelphia
Articles of Confederation

Were the Articles of Confederation signed in Philadelphia PA or York Pennsylvania?

The Articles of Confederation were approved by the Continental Congress in 1777, in Philedelphia.

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Books and Literature
Adjectives and Articles
Articles of Confederation

What is a seminal article?

A seminal article, or "seminal work", is one that has within it the ideas that spawn a great deal of useful research or creative production in a given field.

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Articles of Confederation

How did people describe the Articles of Confederation?

they described it as a weakness to some of the governments well to the executive branch the executive branch didnt like the articles of confederation

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