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Why did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City Utah?

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The Latter-Day Saints, or "Mormons", originally settled in Independence, Missouri, but were quickly driven out by its other occupants. They then settled in what became Nauvoo, Illinois, but were driven from that home as well. Their leader, Joseph Smith, was arrested and martyred in Carthage, Illinois.
An army actually showed up with a cannon to drive them out of Nauvoo, Illinois. They crossed the frozen Mississippi River and established a temporary settlement before they really knew where they were going. They considered Oregon and California before they heard reports about the valley of the Great Salt Lake.
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When did the Mormons leave for Salt Lake City?

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