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According to this article, in 1847, please read the related link below for more information.
Brigham Young was the Prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later Day Saints by the time the Mormon migration reached Utah. Prior to Brigham Young, Joseph Smith, o…riginator of the LDS led the Mormons until he was killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, in 1844. The first group of Mormon Pioneers was lead to the Great Salt Lake by Brigham Young. Later groups were lead by experienced trail guides who had traveled with Brigham Young previously.
The Mormons were able to settle successfuly at the Great Salt Lake due to their faith, strength, steadfast determination to settle together in a place where they would not be …persecuted for their religious beliefs and where the lord wanted them to be.
Starvation, pestilence, and cold winters.
Who was the leader of the Mormons that led them on a trek to the west and settled near the Great Salt Lake?
The first group of Mormons to arrive in Salt Lake City came in July 1847. Subsequent groups came later. Church members were encouraged to leave their hometowns and move to Sal…t Lake City until about 1900, when they were encouraged to stay where they were and build up the Church in their area.
The Mormon pioneers moved west because they had been kicked out of every other state they had attempted to settle in, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. At the time, the area aroun…d the Great Salt Lake was part of Mexico, so the pioneers moved there to escape the persecution they had received in the United States.
Brigham Young lead the Mormon people from the Midwest to Utah, organized them, and sent them to establish colonies all over the west. The majority of the settlements were cent…ered around Salt Lake City, which was (and is) the headquarters of the Church.
Early Mormons began a settlement called Voree (in what is now the city of Burlington) in Wisconsin, near Lake Michigan. This group eventually became cut off from the main body… of the Church (largely because of their distance from Church headquarters) and has now become a separate Church. Ironically, they share the official name of the Church, "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints", but are not connected with the 13 million member Church based in Salt Lake City. Members of this group are often called "Strangite Mormons". Or, perhaps you are meaning the other great lake... the Great Salt Lake in Salt Lake City, that the main body of Mormons settled, and are currently based, near. (You can learn more about the Strangite and the mainstream Mormon Church from the "Related Links" below.)
Because nobody else wanted to live there. There was very little useable water and even less lumber. The climate was dry, extremely hot in the summer and freezing cold in the w…inter. On top of all that, the lake made it smell horrible! Explorers and Mountain Men of the day claimed that the land was uninhabitable and believed it could never be used to grow crops. They wanted to be free from persecution so they moved to a place that they knew nobody else wanted. When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormon religion) settled in Independence Missouri, their numbers started to outnumber non-mormon settlers. The governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs ordered an "extermination order" on the Mormons. The Order lead to the Haun's Mill massacre in which 240 men attacked the town. several Mormons who were wounded surrendured but were still shot to death. In the end, at least seventeen Mormons were killed with thirteen more injured. three of the 250 men who attacked were wounded (but not fatally). The Mormons were forced out of Missouri and went to Nauvoo Illinios. Soon, the Mormon population grew to a large number there too. In Nauvoo Illinois, the prophet Joesph Smith was arrested under false accusations and taken to Carthage Jail in Illinois. On June 27, 1844, a mob stormed the jail. Joesph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith were killed. In October 1844, the town of Warsaw announce a "wolf hunt" (Mormons being the wolves to hunt). The Mormon leaders made a truce and the city of Nauvoo emptied of Mormon in 1446. In 1848, the Mormon temple was destroyed by arsonists. The new Mormon prophet had received revelation that Joesph Smith received from God that showed the valley of Salt Lake. So the Mormons moved West until they reached Salt Lake, although some did go to California. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_Mormons_emigrate_to_the_area_between_the_rocky_mountains_and_great_salt_lake#ixzz1auuzO3EM
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (nicknamed Mormons) suffered severe religious persecution and mob attacks in every American community in which they …settled. Eventually they travelled to Intermountain West, where they put down roots far away from their persecuters in the settled parts of the United States.
In Mormon Trail
The Saints arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake on 24 July 1847.
Who was the leader of the Mormons that lead them on a track to the west and settled near the great salt lake?
Brigham Young lead members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon" church) to the west.
First, it was mid summer and they hadn't even tilled the ground, let alone plant crops. If they faced an early freeze, they could've starved to death over the winter. Second,… there was very little clean water. They had to dig irrigation canals from the mountains down into the valley so that they could have access to useable water. Third, supplies to build homes and make clothing were scarce, and it was extremely expensive to have them shipped from the east. Many early homes were made of mud or were 'dugouts' in the side of hills. Wood had to be hauled from the mountains, and nails were extremely rare. Fabric and thread were often made by had from flax or wool, and buttons and needles were hard to come by. Fourth, some of the Native Americans in the area were not friendly towards them. Fifth, most of the Mormon Pioneers had grown up in long-established towns on the East coast or in Europe. They had no experience living on the frontier and did not have the skills or knowledge needed to survive in such harsh and primitive circumstances.
The first Mormons arrived to settle in the Great Salt Lake on July 24, 1847.
Brigham Young was the leader of the Church at the head of the first group of Mormon pioneers. Later groups were lead by various trail guides.