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How do you determine a empirical formula?


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Answered 2013-09-23 20:02:47

Empirical formulas are the result of chemical analysis of a compound.

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How do you determine the molecular formula given the empirical formula?

Calculate the empirical formula weight. Find the ratio of the molecular weight to the empirical formula weight. (n= molecular weight/ empirical formular weight). Multiply each subscript of the empirical formula by n.


What are the steps to determine molecular formula?

There are 4 step to determine molecular formula, which are given bellow Step:1:- Find empirical formula Step:2:- Find empirical formula mass Step:3:- Find n n=molecular mass/empirical formula mass Step:4:- now find molecular formula to find molecular formula molecular formula(empirical formula)n


To determine the subscript of an element in a molecular formula the empirical mass must be multiplied by the actual mass?

The actual mass must be divided by the empirical mass. This was derived from the following equation: (subscript)(empirical formula) = (molecular formula) subscript = (molecular formula)/(empirical formula)


What information is needed to determine a molecular formula?

the empirical formula and the molar mass



What Process of using empirical formula and the value for experimental molar mass to determine the molecular formula?

The empirical formula is the formula in its most simplified terms. The molecular formula is how many moles there actually are (the empirical formulat multiplied by a factor).


How does one determine a molecule formula from the empirical formula?

The density or some other information must be given that allow you to find the molar mass. Calculate the empirical formula mass. Divide molar mass by empirical formula mass. This answer is multiplied by all subscripts of the empirical formula to get the molecular formula.


How do you calculate Molecular formula from empirical formulaWhat could you do with that information to determine that the empirical and molecular formulas are related to one another by a factor of 6?

In order to find molecular formula from empirical formula, one needs to know the molar mass of the molecular formula. Then you simply divide the molar mass of the molecular formula by the molar mass of the empirical formula to find out how many empirical formulae are in the molecular formula. Then you multiply the subscripts in the empirical formula by that number.


Can you determine the molecular formula of a substance from its percent composition?

Not completely. The empirical formula of a substance can be determined from its percent composition, but a determination of molecular weight is needed to decide which multiple of the empirical formula represents the molecular formula.


How do you get from emperical formula to molecular formula?

By determining the molecular mass, then dividing the molecular mass by the formula mass of the empirical formula to determine by what integer the subscripts in the empirical formula must be multiplied to produce the molecular formula with the experimentally determined molecular mass.


What is an empirical formula?

The chemical formula in which the subscripts are given in the smallest ratio.


Explain why the percent composition of certain compounds are not sufficient to determine the compounds molecular formulas?

Because unlike the empirical formula, the molecular formula does not have to be the simplest ratio.If by chance you are given the percent composition of the elements in a substance, you could calculate the empirical formula and then the empirical formula's mass. However, the molecular formula equation is molecular formula= (empirical formula)n, where n is the mass of the molecular formula divided by the mass of the empirical formula. You would, therefore, need to know the mass belonging to the molecular formula, which you are not given.


How does one determine a molecular formula from the empirical form?

molar mass of unknown/molar mass of empirial = # of empirical units in the molecular formula. Example: empirical formula is CH2O with a molar mass of 30. If the molar mass of the unknown is 180, then 180/30 = 6 and molecular formula will be C6H12O6


What do empirical formulas determine?

Empirical formulas determine the ratio of atoms of different elements within a chemical compound and can be derived by dividing the number of each element's atoms by their greatest common factor. They do not necessarily describe the full chemical makeup of a molecule. For example, benzene has the formula C6H6 but its empirical formula is simply CH because there is one hydrogen atom for every carbon atom. Glucose has the molecular formula of C6H12O6; its empirical formula is CH2O. Because the molecular formula for water, H2O, cannot be further simplified (empirical formulas have only whole numbers) H20 is also its empirical formula.


How do you determine the empirical formula of a metal oxide?

First it is necessary a correct chemical analysis of this compond, with the goal to establish the empirical chemical composition.


Is H2O a empirical formula?

Yes, this is an empirical formula.


Is the formula C4H10 empirical?

It is an empirical formula.


What is the empirical formula for C2N2H8?

C2N2H8 is an empirical formula !


What is the empirical formula for SO3?

SO3 is an empirical formula !


What is the empirical formula C12H6O3?

C4H2O is the empirical formula


What is the empirical formula of CuSO4?

CuSO4 is an empirical formula.


What is the empirical formula for C4H6O2?

C6H6O2is an empirical formula.


What is the empirical formula of H2SO4?

H2SO4 is an empirical formula.


What is the empirical formula for C2H10?

The empirical formula is CH5.


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