Some recommend diagnosing the fuel relay, which is controlled by the PCM. My car gives me the error immediately, but my vehicle starts and I can drive it. Typically when I start it it dies immediately, then I start it again and it runs a little rich. I don't drive it much because I have other vehicles. I haven't fixed it yet. I recommend simulating the pcm signal to the fuel relay if your car doesn't start. If it starts after the simulation, then replace the PCM/check the wiring for continuity. Otherwise throw a fuel relay at it. Check wires first, as it is both prudent and could blow the new part.
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I had the same message on my display and the car was lurching like a fuel pump problem or something. I changed the fuel filter and ran cleaner through the fuel system and the error message has never returned. Hope that helps.
On a 1997 Lincoln Continental : The Mass Air Flow sensor is between the cone shaped engine air filter and the engine air intake tube . It is INSIDE a round shaped plastic housing
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If you have spark and fuel pressure, the ECM computer is out. The computer is located on the engine side of the firewall. There may be a bar that goes from the tops of the strut towers. If so, remove bar and the computer is where a large bundle of wires goes into firewall. Good Luck
Flow Control:is one important design issue for the Data Link Layer that controls the flow of data between sender and receiver.In Communication, there is communication medium between sender and receiver. When Sender sends data to receiver than there can be problem in below case :1) Sender sends data at higher rate and receive is too sluggish to support that data rate.To solve the above problem, FLOW CONTROL is introduced in Data Link Layer. It also works on several higher layers. The main concept of Flow Control is to introduce EFFICIENCY in Computer Networks.Error Control:Network is responsible for transmission of data from one device to another device. The end to end transfer of data from a transmitting application to a receiving application involves many steps, each subject to error. With the error control process, we can be confident that the transmitted and received data are identical. Data can be corrupted during transmission. For reliable communication, error must be detected and corrected.Error control is the process of detecting and correcting both the bit level and packet level errors.Types of ErrorsSingle Bit ErrorThe term single bit error means that only one bit of the data unit was changed from 1 to 0 and 0 to 1.Burst ErrorIn term burst error means that two or more bits in the data unit were changed. Burst error is also called packet level error, where errors like packet loss, duplication, reordering. BY RAHUL SAGORE from IIPS, INDORE
The likely reason why the alarm in a 1999 Lincoln Continental goes off on hot days is because warm air flow triggers the sensors. You can deactivate the alarm by unlocking the car.
If a non hotwire sensor buy a can of CRC MAF cleaner and follow directions.
The data transmission software or protocols perform the following functions for the efficient and error free transmission of data.Data Sequencing - The function of a protocol to divide the long message into smaller packets of fixed size that are to be transmitted for error free data transmission, called Data Sequencing.Data Routing - The function of a protocol to find the most efficient path or route between the sender and the receiver before sending the data is called Data Routing.Flow Control - The function of a protocol to control the rate of data transmission from the sender to the receiver is called Flow Control. It regulates the process of sending data between fast sender and slow receiver.Error Control - The function of a protocol to detect and recover errors for successful data communication between the sender and the receiver is called Error Control. Successful data communication means that data is transmitted without any error.http://www.free-computer-tips.info/general-computer/data-communication-protocol.html
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Data link layer transforms the physical layer and makes it appear error free. Data link layer is responsible for physical addressing. It has some other functions like error control, flow control and access control.
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On a 2001 Lincoln Continental : The Mass Air Flow sensor is between the engine air filter housing and the larger diameter engine air intake tube * if it like my Ford Explorer it is INSIDE a round shaped plastic housing , but you will see where the wires go in
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The main notations for a data flow diagram are - Process - Oval Decision - Rhombus Data Storage - Rectangle Open on the Right Data Flow - Single Arrow Resource Flow - Double Arrow
A data flow diagram (DFD) is a graphical representation of the "flow" of data through an information system. DFDs can also be used for the visualization of data processing (structured design).
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Apparently No, heat flow in oceanic crust is higher than continental crust
Flow control refer to the flow of data. Congestion control refers to the flow of data such that there is no traffic or congestion.