Best Answer

The United States of America (USA) has many parties. Each party can name a candidate to run for whichever government function they please. However, it is common knowledge that only two parties have an actual chance of filling significant mandates in government: the Republican Party (RP) and the Democratic Party (DP). "Ipso facto", then, the US system is a dual alternation between the republicans and the democrats.

The politician that aspires to run the presidency must first gather a scout comitte which will study the chances of victory and raise funds for the campaign, sometimes even a couple of years before of the election. When all that is achieved, a formal note is delivered to the party and the campaigning starts in crucial states.

The campaign in all the 50 states result in a Caucus - electors assembly- or in a Primary - direct voting on ballots.

Democrats and Republicans have different caucuses. The DP gathers it's members in buildings such as churches, schools and theaters. Each room of the building represents a candidate and the voters go to the rooms of the candidates they support. The candidates with less than 15% of approval are considerable inviable, thus being eliminated. Its suporters then have to go their second choice candidate. The one with the most support wins the caucus. The RP caucus is decided upon informal voting such as a show of hands.

The Caucuses and the Primaries don't decide directly which candidate will run for office, but which candidate's delegates will vote in the party convention in august. Each state has a certain number of delegates based on the famous "rep by pop" (representation by population). The winning candidate in certain state will take the most delegates from there to the late summer party conference, thus yielding him/her more considerable chances of being appointed the official party candidate that will run in the actual election. The DP convention occurs in Denver, Colorado, from August 25th to the 28th. The RP convention takes place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, between the 1st and 4th of September.

Iowa and New Hampshire have state laws that they must be the first to hold these political meetings. They then agreed that Iowa would hold the first Caucus, while New Hampshire would hold the first Primaries. The importance of being the first ones is that they receive an attention that they would normally don't get due to their population size (Iowa - 3mi; New Hampshire - 1.3mi/in 2006), thus having their regional problems in evidence. Also, the answer to whom is going to run is pretty much known by the end of the process, make the last caucuses and primaries insignificant, making the media pay no interest to the final states.

Once the delegates of each of the 50 states are chosen, the RP and the DP both hold conventions, where the final voting, those of the delegates choosing the party candidate, will take place. The candidate that wins the most delegate votes is chosen to run for government.

This initial stage of the political process is as competitive as the elections itself.

When the actual campaigning starts, the process runs reasonaby the same way. On the voting day, always the first Tuesday of November, the winner in each state will take all of the delegates thear state is entitled too. Those delegates will vote for their party candidate in the electoral college. Summarizing: Basen on the rep by pop, each state has a certain number of votes. The winner in a state takes them all. The one with the largest number of electoral votes wins.

In extreme cases, though, the winner might be less voted by the population and still have more electoral votes. Examples:

1876 Elections:

Rutherford B. Hayes (RP) x Samuel J. Tilden Party (DP)

Electoral vote: 185 x184

Popular vote: 4,034,311 x 4,288,546

Percentage: 47.9% x 51.0%

1888 Elections:

Benjamin Harrison (RP) x Grover Cleveland (DP)

Electoral vote: 233 x 168

Popular vote: 5,443,892 x 5,534,488

Percentage: 47.8% x 48.6%

2000 Elections:

George W. Bush (RP) x Albert A. Gore (DP)

Electoral vote: 271 x 266 States

Popular vote: 50,460,110 x 51,003,926

Percentage: 47.9% x 48.4%

Electoral votes per state:

1-Alabama: 9

2-Alaska: 3

3-Arizona: 10

4-Arkansas: 6

5-California: 55


7-Connecticut: 7

8-Delaware: 3

9-Florida: 27

10-Georgia: 15

11-Hawaii: 4

12-Idaho: 4

13-Illinois: 21

14-Indiana: 11

15-Iowa: 7

16-Kansas: 6


18-Louisiana: 9

19-Maine: 4

20-Maryland: 10


22-Michigan: 17

23-Minnesota: 10

24-Mississippi: 6

25-Missouri: 11

26-Montana: 3

27-Nebraska: 5

28-Nevada: 5

29-New Hampshire:4

30-New Jersey: 15

31-New Mexico: 5

32-New York: 31

33-North Carolina: 15

34-North Dakota:3

35-Ohio: 20

36-Oklahoma: 7

37-Oregon: 7

38- Pennsylvania:21

39-Rhode Island: 4

40-South Carolina: 8

41-South Dakota

42-Tennessee: 11

43-Texas: 34

44-Utah: 5

45-Vermont: 3

46-Virginia: 13

47-Washington: 11

48-West Virgina: 5

49-Wisconsin: 10

50-Wyoming: 3

DC: 3

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2011-09-12 21:28:29
This answer is:
User Avatar
Study guides

US Constitution

20 cards

What is the main purpose of the preamble

What article of the US Constitution is concerned with the Legislative Branch

Explain who were the federalist and the anti- federalist

Who established the federal court system

See all cards
1 Review

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: How does American election system work?
Write your answer...
Related questions

What is the major reason for the persistence of the American two-party system?

The existence of single-member election districts

How does Australian election system work?

it works to confuse people so you have to wacth the news coverage

Why did the farmers create the electoral college and how did they expect it to work?

Farmers didn't create the electoral system, but the constitution did create a system that is a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and the election by popular vote.

How had the American election process changed by the election of 1824?

it didnt

What time period did Jane Addams work at the hull house?

The system of proportional representation is used in the election of ?

When is the next American election?


What system forced latin American natives to work for the spanish?


Will an American PS2 with American games work in New Zealand?

Connected to an American TV it should work fine offline. The system has no way of knowing where it is located and only the power system in some areas with a 220 volt system would need to use transformers

How does the electoral colleges double-election system work?

We as a people (America) don't actually elect for the president. We vote for a representative from each state to vote directly for the presidential candidates in question. Hence the name Double-Election System.

How was clay's American system supposed to work?

Clay's American system was supposed to work to benefit the economy, and therefore the entire country. Money from Tariffs was to be used in order to improve the countries infrastructure.

When were American women first allowed to vote in a presidential election?

The 1920 Election.

How many different types of elections are held in Poland. And what they are?

1. Local Council election with mixed system of mono\multi- mandatory system with FPP\ Block list method or D'Hondt system in bigger districts. 2. Local Mayor election with regular majority system. 3. Presidential Election with regular majority system. 4. Sejm Election (Lower House of Parliament) with D'Hondt system. 5. Senate Election with D'Hondt system 6. European Parliament Election

Write about disadvantages of majoritarian system and proportional election system?

The disadvantages of majoritarian system and proportional election system included the use of proportional representation (PR) in voting.

Will a Japanese ps2 work in America like the system it self will it plug in to the American outlets?

u can use American ps2 power cord and it will work

Why was Election 2008 considered to be historic?

It saw the election of the first black American President.

Do Australians work on election day?

Yes. Australians continue with all of their normal activities on election day. However, election day is always held on a Saturday, so only those who normally work on a Saturday work on election day.

When is the popular election?

never or it is American idol

Who won the American 2008 Election?


What were Napoleon's domestic accomplishments?

established the special election , acknowledge pope as the head leader of the catholic church , made public work programs , public work system

Do Korean cars battery system work differently than American cars?

No, they work the very same way.

What is the difference of American election and Philippine election?

Philippine election actually counting or tally the votes. Whoever have the most votes win!

How did the Rhode Island system and the Lowell system change the lives of American workers?

The rhode island system and the lowell system changed the lives of american workers by it gave the people a chance to work and have a job and to earn money

Will an Australian Nintendo 64 cable work on an American Nintendo?

probebly it the same system

What is the system under which latin American natives were forced to work for the spanish?

the answer is encomienda. :D

How did the election of 1796 change the nature of politics in the US?

1796 was the first contested election. The two party system began to appear with that election, although it was not until 1828 that two national parties began to rule the election system as they do today.