Less than 20% of the Southern population owned African Americans. There are many misconceptions as to what caused and fueled the American Civil War. Slavery was indeed one of them. Increased tariffs on products shipped to northern ports was a significant one. Really significant was the South's secession from the union and voting its own President which angered Northerners greatly. It was a major investment to own an African American especially if they possessed valuable skills such as blacksmithing, carpentry, or farming skills. Certainly owning a black man or woman, was a prestigious classification, but very few Southerners and Northerners, fit in this category of wealth. Thus, the stories that have been perpetuated throughout history of all slave owners beating their "slaves" is quite inaccurate. It is a myth that the media of that time stimulated to build a case to send the North and South to war. In addition, politicians, many of them wealthy and slave-owners, were used as the example or model for the Southern population, when in fact the average Southerner lived day to day and could not afford to purchase another human being for $500-$1,500 .
In addition, while many people have been taught that Southerners were the only ones who owned African Americans in the United States, Northern sentiment was possibly even more harsh toward African Americans. Blacks were beaten and even killed in city streets of New York City, New York, toward dissolvement in the mid to late 1800's, but it was the American Civil War which sped up the abolition.
It depends heavily on the region. South Carolina had the largest percentage of the population who owned slaves. Areas of the coastal plain, which are areas within about 100-200 miles inland, were flat, fertile, sunny, and had the subtropical climate where cotton and especially rice thrive. Cotton and rice were sold and shipped to various ports, including Boston. Combined with the labor intensity of growing cotton and rice, farms growing them usually had slaves. Note that Africans had previously grown rice in Africa, so they were accustomed to the process. Areas in the mountains, as well as wooded, undeveloped areas (then called back woods), on the other hand, had few, if any, slaves.
How many southerners owned 20 or more slaves
25% of southern white families owned slaves in 1860
In the USA in 1860, 385,000 people owned slaves. That's according to the Census of 1860.
fewer than 4%
1 in every 10
Relatively few southerners owned 95% of slaves. The "average southerner" owned zero.
1,900,000 of whom: 1,400,000 owned from 1 to 10 slaves, 300,000 owned from10 to 20 slaves, 200,000 owned more than 20 slaves.
only 11 held 500 or more slaves
About 2 million were in the south. Which was 20% of the whole population.
There were around 3,950,000 slaves in Georgia in 1860.
how many members of congress owned slaves how many members of congress owned slaves
Fully 3/4 of southerners did not own slaves at the eve of the Civil War.
millions if people
Never mind, I found the answer myself. "Of the 27 million whites counted in the 1860 census, 8 million lived in the slave owning states of the South. Of these, 385,000 owned slaves. Statistically, 4.8% of all Southern whites owned slaves. When factored by the entire population, 1.4% of all United States whites were slave owners."
462,198 slaves lived in GA according to the official US census of 1860.
There were 304.000 in 1790. By the time it was 1860 the number increased to 3,950,000.
Land and enslaved Africans.
At the peak in 1860 there were 3.9 million slaves in the south.
25 of the 55 delegates at the Constitutional Convention owned slaves
Of the 27 million whites counted in the 1860 census, 8 million lived in the slave owning states of the South. Of these, 385,000 owned slaves. Statistically, 4.8% of all Southern whites owned slaves. When factored by the entire population, 1.4% of all United States whites were slave owners. Read more at Suite101: The 1860 Census and Slavery in the United States: Interpreting Census Data and Research on Pre-Civil War Slavery | Suite101.com
Once it was illegal to import slaves from Africa, Southerners tried to increase the existing supply of slaves. They encouraged slave families to have as many children as possible.