Most western legal systems are based on what ancient law?
Most Western legal systems are either based on Roman law or on
Common law. Roman law is the predominant one throughout Europe, and
represents a more coherent law. Many countries based on this system
also later adopted the Code Napoléen, Napoleon's legal system,
which represents an attempt to create one comprehensive legal
framework. Common law, on the other hand, is mainly practiced in
The UK and in the USA, though especially the latter also contains
elements of Roman law. Common law, while not necessarily inferior,
is less comprehensive. Rather than one legal framework, it is an
amalgam of laws that were formulated over the years. Rather than
one legal text, such as the German "Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch" it is
thus a collection of bills and amendments which exist independently
of each other.
I don't know too much about the legal systems of medieval or modern Rome. However the ancient Roman legal system was loosely based on the Greek system of democracy, with every citizen having the right to vote. But the technique of the ancient system was purely Roman, such as the assemblies, the senate and the counsuls. The laws themselves were based on Roman tradition.
No. The Parliamentary system developed primarily from the English arrangements between king an barons. The Christian church did have influence of course in many ways and that would have included the ten commandments, but the commandments are not reflected in the parliamentary systems that were developed. Even the legal systems were more based in Roman law and early English law.
Qualities of individualism, humanism as well as democracy and our own current legal and political systems can trace their roots back to the ancient Greeks. In addition, their contributions to science, philosophy, art, architecture and literature influenced the Roman Empire and all of western civilization.
The Romans made may contributions to the rule of law and their concept of the legal system is the basis for the legal systems of the western world today. Perhaps their greatest contribution was the right of every citizen to a trial if accused of a crime. In other words, a person had to be proven guilty before being punished. The Romans made may contributions to the rule of law and their concept of the…
First of all, there is no single "legal system." Each country has its own legal system, with its own history. For instance, the modern American legal system is an amalgamation of several legal systems - it does not have a single place or time of origin. Here are a few of the times and places in history which we might say the legal system "originated." Much of the legal system is governed by the US…
There were many ourstanding contributions made to us by the Romans. One of them is their legal system, with its early form of checks and balances, and the right of individuals. Another is in their sewer and sanitation systems, which led to good health and was not duplicated until the late 19th century.
What distinguished between legal systems of countries already colonised and countries that were never colonised?
Most of the countries that once were colonies got the legal system of their new 'mother' country. So many former colonies still have a legal structure based on the European legal systems, which usually entails the system of 3 mutually independent 'powers' within Government: legislative, judicial and executive. Third world countries that were never colonised mostly did not have such a '3 powers'-system originally. Today however most countries - former colonies or not - have…
None. I am an American citizen living in the United States of America and I am governed by American laws. Some of our laws are based upon ancient Roman legal concepts, such as the right of a trial, the right to own property, the right to have a will, etc., but they are not the same as our present day laws cover different concerns than the ancient ones. None. I am an American citizen living…
All the ancient buildings that exist in many parts of the East Mediterranean area and Europe proves their existence. The buildings located in Roma. The principles of the legal system adopted by the western civilization. The principles of the administrative system adopted by the western civilization.
What ideas are found in current western legal systems that can also be found in Greco-Roman Traditions?
The idea of voting (democracy) by consensus instead of having a law passed by a king. The concept of civil rights, the legal personality of corporations, contracts, private property, personal ownership, and the legal force of a will, the right of appeal, trial by jury, these are just some of the legal concepts from the ancients.
In a country which uses civil law, the legal system is based upon legal principles and codes usually rooted from the laws and legal system of the Roman Empire. Any updates to the legal code must be made through legislation or other lengthy processes. Furthermore, judges must make rulings based only on these codes. On the other hand, a country which uses common law has a legal system based upon past judicial opinions. Thus, common…
In a country which uses civil law, the legal system is based upon legal principles and codes usually rooted from the laws and legal system of the Roman Empire. Any updates to the legal code must be made through legislation or other lengthy processes. Furthermore, judges must make rulings based only on these codes. On the other hand, a country which uses anglo-saxon based common law has a legal system based upon past judicial opinions…
What is the process of creating transnational markets politics and legal systems in order to develop a global economy?
American Samoa (based on USA law) Antigua and Barbuda Australia Bahamas Barbados Bhutan Canada (except in Quebec, where a civil law system based on French law prevails in property and private matters) Domenica England and Wales Fiji Gibralta Ghana Grenada Hong Kong India (except Goa which follows a Civil Law based on Portuguese Civil Law) Israel (common and civil law legal systems) Jamaica Kiribati Marshall Islands (based on USA law) Myanmar (Burma) Nauru New Zealand…
The US legal system is a "common law" legal system which is based on law that is developed by judges through decisions of the courts, and is often contrasted to "civil law" systems which are more closely derived from Roman laws. One of the main similarities between common and civil legal systems is the systematic division of the law into property, contract, and tort. Therefore it could be said that this systematic division is likely…
What are two classifications of legal systems of which the logistics manager should be aware when working in a multinational environment are what laws?
Always depends where you are. In Canada (and most English-based Legal systems), it is called "Power of Attorney" if you have been mandated by someone to act on its behalf. However, different Laws and Regulations might offer legal powers to specific individuals, as, per example, Section 25 of the Criminal Code of Canada allows Police Officer to have the Legal Right & Power to arrest an individual.
Mexico has a form of government known as "federal representative republic", with three government branches: the executive, presided by a president, the legislative composed by a bi-cameral congress, and the judiciary. The legal system of Mexico is based on the "civil law", also sometimes known as Continental European law.
There are quite a few more than two countries practicing common law: American Samoa (based on USA law) Antigua and Barbuda Australia Bahamas Barbados Bhutan Canada (except in Quebec, where a civil law system based on French law prevails in property and private matters) Domenica England and Wales Fiji Gibralta Ghana Grenada Hong Kong India (except Goa which follows a Civil Law based on Portuguese Civil Law) Israel (common and civil law legal systems) Jamaica…