The Irish slave trade began when James II sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. His Proclamation of 1625 required Irish political prisoners be sent overseas and sold to English settlers in the West Indies. By the mid 1600s, the Irish were the main slaves sold to Antigua and Montserrat. At that time, 70% of the total population of Montserrat were Irish slaves. Ireland quickly became the biggest source of human livestock for English merchants. The majority of the early slaves to the New World were actually white. From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland's population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade. Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain's solution was to auction them off as well. During the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children between the ages of 10 and 14 were taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In this decade, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia. Another 30,000 Irish men and women were also transported and sold to the highest bidder. In 1656, Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers. Many people today will avoid calling the Irish slaves what they truly were: Slaves. They'll come up with terms like "Indentured Servants" to describe what occurred to the Irish. However, in most cases from the 17th and 18th centuries, Irish slaves were nothing more than human cattle. As an example, the African slave trade was just beginning during this same period. It is well recorded that African slaves, not tainted with the stain of the hated Catholic theology and more expensive to purchase, were often treated far better than their Irish counterparts. African slaves were very expensive during the late 1600s (50 Sterling). Irish slaves came cheap (no more than 5 Sterling). If a planter whipped or branded or beat an Irish slave to death, it was never a crime. A death was a monetary setback, but far cheaper than killing a more expensive African. The English masters quickly began breeding the Irish women for both their own personal pleasure and for greater profit. Children of slaves were themselves slaves, which increased the size of the master's free workforce. Even if an Irish woman somehow obtained her freedom, her kids would remain slaves of her master. Thus, Irish moms, even with this new found emancipation, would seldom abandon their kids and would remain in servitude. In time, the English thought of a better way to use these women (in many cases, girls as young as 12) to increase their market share: The settlers began to breed Irish women and girls with African men to produce slaves with a distinct complexion. These new "mulatto" slaves brought a higher price than Irish livestock and, likewise, enabled the settlers to save money rather than purchase new African slaves. This practice of interbreeding Irish females with African men went on for several decades and was so widespread that, in 1681, legislation was passed "forbidding the practice of mating Irish slave women to African slave men for the purpose of producing slaves for sale." In short, it was stopped only because it interfered with the profits of a large slave transport company. England continued to ship tens of thousands of Irish slaves for more than a century. Records state that, after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, thousands of Irish slaves were sold to both America and Australia. There were horrible abuses of both African and Irish captives. One British ship even dumped 1,302 slaves into the Atlantic Ocean so that the crew would have plenty of food to eat. There is little question that the Irish experienced the horrors of slavery as much (if not more in the 17th Century) as the Africans did. There is, also, very little question that those brown, tanned faces you witness in your travels to the West Indies are very likely a combination of African and Irish ancestry. In 1839, Britain finally decided on it's own to end it's participation in Satan's highway to hell and stopped transporting slaves. While their decision did not stop pirates from doing what they desired, the new law slowly concluded THIS chapter of nightmarish Irish misery. But, if anyone, black or white, believes that slavery was only an African experience, then they've got it completely wrong. Irish slavery is a subject worth remembering, not erasing from our memories. But, where are our public (and PRIVATE) schools???? Where are the history books? Why is it so seldom discussed? Do the memories of hundreds of thousands of Irish victims merit more than a mention from an unknown writer? Or is their story to be one that their English pirates intended: To (unlike the African book) have the Irish story utterly and completely disappear as if it never happened. None of the Irish victims ever made it back to their homeland to describe their ordeal. These are the lost slaves; the ones that time and biased history books conveniently forgot. http://afgen.com/forgotten_slaves.html
The english owned ireland, the english sold the irish to the western nations. the irish made up 2/3 of all slaves in captivity.
African slaves were packed tightly together below the decks of ships during the crossing to the Americas. Irish slaves endured similar conditions as well.
Irish have had longer slavery. Yes us Irish people have very short tempers. The blacks were slaves for 372 years, and extra 80 more years of descrimination until martin Luther king changed that which makes it about 485 years. Irish were slaves for 987 years by the English people. The Irish were also treated 10 times worse then the blacks could ever imagine.
James II of England started white slavery in the Americas. The slaves were taken from Ireland and accounted for the majority of slaves in the Americas during that time period. During the late 1600s, Irish slaves cost less than African slaves.
African American slaves were actually treated better than Irish indentured servants. They were also more expensive than the white Irish slaves. Some unscrupulous slave traders decided that creating mulatto children would be a good way to cut costs by selling these mixed race half African and half Irish children for a cheaper cost than a pure African slave so they started forcing african males to mix with Irish women to create this cheaper crop of slaves. But African slaves were at least offered a chance at freedom at some point, whereas Irish "indentured servant" (a nicer way to say slave) were never worthy of freedom as far as the British and British Americans were concerned. Even the word kidnapping comes from the point in history where if Irish children were found alone in Irish cities, they were often stolen (or nabbed) and sent to the Americas to be sold as slaves (kid-nabbing; kidnapping). Irish slaves suffered as much as, if not more, than African slaves, and even the process of transporting them was harsher than that of African slaves, according to records and ship logs at the time. Percentage-wise, more Irish died in transit than African slaves. And even at its worst for African slaves in America, it was only a select few southern states with a very limited number of plantations that even owned African slaves at all. The western states at the time were using cheaper white Irish slaves and even created laws restricting the use of African slaves in the west since white Irish slaves were working out for them just fine and since they were the same color, were easier to hide when controversy arose. So please forgive me, me being of Cherokee and Irish decent when i do not agree that African Americans should have the right to have all black schools, all black colleges, special scholarships regardless of what grades they get, etc. Not all African Americans are descendants of southern slaves. The majority come from free African Americans who were never slaves to begin with. And they were not the only nationality or race who suffered during those ignorant times. So please stop crying race and get on with bettering your lives with the many opportunities that you have been given. If you have it hard, it is because you choose to make it hard, not because great-great grandma might or might not have been a slave long ago!
Slavery probably first came with the Romans who kept slaves. The Irish slave trade began in about 1625. (By "Irish slave trade" I mean the English enslaved the Irish.) The British had slaves already when they colonised countries so slavery would have been brought with them at the same time.
Australia never had slaves They used British and Irish prisoners instead.
Actually there were Irish and oddly spanish slave during this time period
its like the N word for Irish people because in the olden day the Irish were treated badly and barely above slaves in the social system
Many cultures around the world have practiced slavery, and treatment of slaves has varied somewhat from place to place. In the Americas, both African and Irish slaves were often treated cruelly, although the Irish tended to be treated more cruelly since they were cheaper and easier to replace. In addition to cruel treatment, other problems slaves faced included inadequate care, the breakup of families and illiteracy.
I dont know umm maybe firstname.lastname@example.org knows hahahah
Africans were not the only enslaved in American history. Mostly Asian slaves built the railroad. Maybe even Irish. But anyway mostly africans were slaves because it just happened to be Africa that America decided to take people from and make them slaves because they were different. Thanks for the answer! Really helped
Because many irish people were sent as slaves or indentured servants to montserrat in the cromwellian period. Later, their descendants became landowners, and named the villages. Saint Patrick's day is celebrated on the island every year and Irish stew is popular on the island.
It's not as published as the African American slaves, but yes they certainly were. Every race, or religion were slaves to another race or religion at some point. The Irish were white, and they were enslaved and sold as well.
because slaves weren't recognized under the law as such because they were slaves. and not all slave owners were white, unlike the school system teaches there were black slave owners and native Americans that owned slaves, it was all mixed and matched not really tied to one specific skin color, even a bit of Irish and German immigrants were slaves in America
A recent DNA survey in Iceland shows that quite a few women have Irish origins - apparently they were taken as slaves or forcibly married. So they obviously spoke Irish Gaelic (Gaeilge)
Whites were used as slaves, these men, women and children are not to be confused with the indentured servants because they could only legally work for a short period of time, and you couldn't sell their children they were considered unprofitable and disposable. During certain periods of American History their were large numbers of white slaves (usually Irish and Scottish). Many of the slaves where in the west indies as early as 1627. According to 1701 records of the 25,000 slaves in Barbados 21,700 were white slaves.
English (Quakers), Pennsylvania German/Dutch, and Scots-Irish. There were also some African American slaves.
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The middle colonies were settled by: 39% English 18% German 10% Dutch 9% Scottish Irish 7% African slaves 5% Irish 4% Scottish 3% Welsh 3% Swedish 2% French
The banjo is not of Irish origin, but it is often used in Irish folk song. The Banjo is actually the most American instrument. It originated in Africa and came over with the slaves. One it arrived in America, the "non-slaves" decided to revamp the banjo to use European scales melodies. Over the years many folks came along and tweaked the banjo or played it different to get a unique sound. Earl Scruggs or Bela Fleck are two banjo players that either were or are very unique in their playing.
Whites were used as slaves. These men, women and children are not to be confused with the indentured servants because they could only legally work for a short period of time, and you couldn't sell their children they were considered unprofitable and disposable. During certain periods of American History their were large numbers of white slaves (usually Irish and Scottish). Many of the slaves where in the west indies as early as 1627. According to 1701 records of the 25,000 slaves in Barbados 21,700 were white slaves. The related link site covers white slavery during the war.
Irish is the proper adjective for Irish, as in "Irish dancing," "Irish jig," or "Irish bar."
At first when Lincoln announced the Emancipation proclamation he said that only the slaves of the Rebel states were to be set free. (this was a war tactic. The border states still had slaves and they were crucial for the defeat of the North.). Up until this point the main goal of the war was to preserve the union. Many people, especially the New York Irish that didn't need more people to compete with for jobs, had riots and demonstrated there disapproval of the Emancipation Proclamation all Irish. I have nothing against Irish it's just that there was an abundance of hard working Irish immigrants at this time.) The abolitionists, however, approved of the Emancipation Proclamation.