Were there precedent cases in McCulloch v Maryland?
No. There were no established precedents for McCulloch v. Maryland, the first US Supreme Court case dealing with the implied constitutional powers of Congress. McCullough was an early challenge to the division of power between the state and federal governments, prompted by the vague wording of the Tenth Amendment.
The decision in this case set a precedent for future cases, such as Gibbons v. Ogden, (1824).
Chief Justice Marshall referenced a Connecticut case, Montague v. Richardson, 24 Conn. 348, to explain his interpretation of the Tenth Amendment as being similar to a judge's construction of a particular state statute: "A pension is a bounty for past services rendered to the public. It is mainly designed to assist the pensioner in providing for his daily wants. Statutes protecting his interest in it, until so used, are of a remedial nature and entitled to a liberal construction"
"We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the Government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it in the manner most beneficial to the people. Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the Constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consist with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, are Constitutional."
McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 US 316 (1819)
James McCulloch was cashier and head of the Baltimore, Maryland, branch of The Second Bank of the United States who refused to pay a new tax the State of Maryland attempted to impose on the bank. McCulloch was the nominal defendant in Maryland's case against the federal government in the state courts, and the petitioner in the US Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland, (1819). Case Citation: McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 US 316 (1819) For…
The parties in McCulloch v. Maryland, (1819) were: James McCulloch, manager of the Second National Bank of the United States, in Baltimore, MD The State of Maryland John James, intervenor (James brought the original suit in Baltimore County court as an intervenor, hoping to be awarded half of the Second National Bank's back taxes.) Case Citation: McCulloch v. Maryland, John James, 17 US 316 (1819) McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 US 316 (1819) [shorter title]
What group or government entity benefited most from the decisions in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden?
What group or government entity benefited most from the decisions in McCulloch v Maryland and Gibbons v Ogden?
The US Supreme Court case, McCulloch v. Maryland, (1918) was initially heard in Baltimore County Court, where a Maryland citizen, John James, sued James McCulloch for failing to pay taxes levied against the Second Bank of the United States. James hoped the court would rule McCulloch had to pay the taxes and that he (James) would collect a portion as a reward. The Baltimore County Court judge upheld Maryland law and found against McCulloch. The…
How did the US Supreme Court decision in McCulloch v. Maryland effect the balance of power between state and federal governments?
As a Federalist, Marshall exerted great influence over the other members of the Court to support federal supremacy over state sovereignty. The Supreme Court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland, (1819) and other cases prevented the states from subordinating the federal government to state laws. Some of these cases rested on the implied powers of Congress, rather than the enumerated powers; others rested on interpretation of enumerated powers, such as the Interstate Commerce Clause and its…
McCulloch v. Maryland represented a power struggle between the State and Federal government over whose laws should prevail in the event of a conflict. Optionally: The issues involved whether the federal government could charter a bank, and whether a state government could legally tax it. McCulloch v Maryland was a debate between strict constructionism and the expansion of implied powers.