answersLogoWhite
Ask
English Language
Word and Phrase Origins
Name Origins
English to Latin

What are the origins of the English word for alcohol?

161718
Answer

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
2007-11-24 08:01:44
2007-11-24 08:01:44

1543, "fine powder produced by sublimination," from M.L. alcohol "powdered ore of antimony," from Arabic al-kuhul "kohl," the fine metallic powder used to darken the eyelids, from kahala "to stain, paint." The al- is the Arabic definite article, "the." "Powdered cosmetic" was the earliest sense in Eng.; definition broadened 1672 to "any subliminated substance, the pure spirit of anything." Modern sense of "intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor" is first recorded 1753, short for alcohol of wine, which was extended to "the intoxicating element in fermented liquors." In organic chemistry, the word was extended 1850 to the class of compounds of the same type as this. Alcoholism "disease of alcohol addiction" is from 1852; alcoholic "one who is addicted to drinking in excess" is from 1891. Alcoholics Anonymous founded 1935 in Akron, Ohio, U.S. Alky is first recorded 1844 as a slang shortening of "alcoholic liquor;" 1960 in the sense of "a drunkard."

Source: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=alcohol

1
0

Related Questions

User Avatar

60% of the English language has Latin origins

User Avatar

Yes, the word 'thus' has Old English origins.

User Avatar

The Luhya word for the English word alcohol is "pombe."

User Avatar

The origins of the English word halt is loaned from german, and has its origins from the French word halte in the 16 century. It is also thought to be derived from the word alto in Italian.

User Avatar

Linguistics is the study of languages, word origins and grammar. An interesting course to take is the History of the English Language.


Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.