Asked in Philosophy and PhilosophersAristotlePlato
What are the similarities of Socrates Aristotle and Plato?
September 13, 2011 9:17PM
For Plato what was ultimately real was the notion or concepts of things. He decreed that what we see in the physical world are merely abstract representations of universal concepts. Thus, Plato believed, that to truly understand reality one must transcend the physical reality into the world of ideas which is understood as Platonic Realism. Plato's main idea of the true nature of reality centres on the idea that abstract instances of universals are what creates the physical reality and that one cannot sensually perceive these universals as they have no spatial or temporal properties. He argued that all things have a universal form, such as a book, that exists outside of the physical book of which we can sensual perceive. We can look at a book but we can also study the form or the concept of the book thus giving us the particular book and the universal form of the book, Plato taught. Plato rested on the principles of one-over-many, self-predication and non-self-partaking to explain the existence of universals. These principles culminate in the realisation of platonic realism, and are the foundational pillars for the platonic world of forms, and Plato's conception of reality.
Socrates was Plato's teacher, so alot of his ideas are shared by Plato. Both were dissatisfied with the society they lived in and thought of ways to change it.
Socrates did his bit to teach his pupils that war is not the answer to everything and was greatly aganst the religious propaganda that the public was being tricked into thinking by the church...he introduced his pupils to different religious thought and this is why he was killed by the state...hemlock - he took it without force and accepted his fate hoping that by doing so his legacy would live on.
After Socrates death Plato ensured the survival of his legacy but also had ideas of his own...Plato's republic; a successful society where everyone (no matter their social level)played very important parts to ensure survival of their community...its really interesting you should look it up more! Also something interesting would be to look at the differences between Plato and Aristotle (Plato was HIS teacher and Aristotle had pretty much the opposite ideas