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After the Constitution was drafted in Philadephia in 1787, those who favored ratification called themselves "Federalists" - also the name of a famous series of newspaper articles written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay. Most of the leading men in the country, including Washington, Madison, Adams, Hamilton and Jefferson, were united in support of the new government. Federalists controlled all branches of the US government for the first three presidential administrations and the programs and ideas of Alexander Hamilton - funding the debt, establishing a national bank, promoting commerce and industry, avoiding premature war with England - prevailed. But divisions began to appear in the early 1790's and some of the original Federalists - Madison and Jefferson prominent among them - began to oppose the policies of Hamilton and Washington. They founded an opposition party, which called itself the "Republican Party" (later the "Democratic-Republican Party). In 1801, the Republicans won the election and placed Jefferson in the White House. Hamilton was killed in a duel in 1804. The event that ended the Federalist Party in history is known as the Hartford Convention of 1814. At the Convention, New England Federalists vented their anger over Jefferson's embargo, which hurt commerce. They did not propose secession from the union, but did advance the idea that the states could nullify "unconstitutional" acts of Congress, a doctrine later asserted by the South during the run-up to the Civil War. After the Battle of New Orleans and the end of the War with England, these positions were exceedingly unpopular. They were also inconsistent with the longstanding support of Federalists for a strong and energetic national government. Federalists were disgraced which led the the end of the party.

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โˆ™ 2010-06-09 13:49:32
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Q: What caused the demise of the Federalist party?
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