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After the Constitution was drafted in Philadephia in 1787, those who favored ratification called themselves "Federalists" - also the name of a famous series of newspaper articles written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay. Most of the leading men in the country, including Washington, Madison, Adams, Hamilton and Jefferson, were united in support of the new government. Federalists controlled all branches of the US government for the first three presidential administrations and the programs and ideas of Alexander Hamilton - funding the debt, establishing a national bank, promoting commerce and industry, avoiding premature war with England - prevailed. But divisions began to appear in the early 1790's and some of the original Federalists - Madison and Jefferson prominent among them - began to oppose the policies of Hamilton and Washington. They founded an opposition party, which called itself the "Republican Party" (later the "Democratic-Republican Party). In 1801, the Republicans won the election and placed Jefferson in the White House. Hamilton was killed in a duel in 1804. The event that ended the Federalist Party in history is known as the Hartford Convention of 1814. At the Convention, New England Federalists vented their anger over Jefferson's embargo, which hurt commerce. They did not propose secession from the union, but did advance the idea that the states could nullify "unconstitutional" acts of Congress, a doctrine later asserted by the South during the run-up to the Civil War. After the Battle of New Orleans and the end of the War with England, these positions were exceedingly unpopular. They were also inconsistent with the longstanding support of Federalists for a strong and energetic national government. Federalists were disgraced which led the the end of the party.

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โˆ™ 2010-06-09 13:49:32
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Q: What caused the demise of the Federalist party?
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Related Questions

What event caused a split in the federalist party?

The Whisky Rebellion


Which caused the split in the Federalist Party?

The belief that the country should be run by the learned elite.


What issue caused a serious split that weakened the power of the federalist party?

twerk team


When was federalist party found?

The federalist party was the very first political party in the United States. The federalist party was founded in 1792.


What factors led to the demise of the Federalist Party?

The Jay Treaty, America's neutrality with Britain, the Alien and Sedition Acts, and the Hartford Convention basically finished them off.


What did the federalist party want?

The Federalist Party wanted a Constitution.


can a farmer be in the federalist party?

yes a farmer can be a federalist party


What effect did the Hartford Convention have on the Federalist Party?

it destroyed the federalist party


Why did the federalist party collapse?

the federalist party collapsed because of the hartford convection


The influence of the Federalist Party was hurt severely as a result of the?

dissatisfaction over high taxes caused by war preparations


How did the nation's expansion hurt the federalist party?

how did the nation's expansion hurt the federalist party?


What does the federalist party support?

The federalist party supports federal government involvement and help.


Why did Hamilton's party became known as the federalist?

Hamilton's supporter's formed the federalist party.


Was George Washington a Democrat or Republican?

Those parties didn't exist yet. But there was the anti-federalist and federalist party. He was a federalist. So, if he really had to choose a side, he would probably pick republican. Neither. He was a Federalist. George Washington was a member of the Federalist Party. The Federalist Party eventually was succeeded by the Republican Party.


What was a nickname for the federalist party?

The federalist party had a couple different nicknames. Some of them include: the Whig party and the first party system.


Who was the founder of the federalist party?

John Hamilton was the founder of the Federalist Party. (see related question)


Does the federalist party support loose or strict construction?

The federalist party supported loose construction.


Who of the founding fathers was the leader of the federalist party?

The founder and leader of the Federalist Party was Alexander Hamilton.


When was Federalist Party - France - created?

Federalist Party - France - was created in 1995.


When was European Federalist Party created?

European Federalist Party was created on 2011-11-06.


Who made up the federalist party?

The Federalist party was the very first political party of the new world after winning independence from the British. The only federalist president was John Adams.


Which political party started out as the Federalist Party?

The Federalist Party declined in disgrace and no later political party claimed to have started out as the Federalist Party. However, many of the die-hard Federalists in New England participated in the formation of the Republican Party in 1856.


What was the most significant outcome of the Hartford Convention?

The most significant outcome of the Hartford Convention was the demise of the Federalist Party. Because the Federalists met in secrecy, they were viewed as treasonous to the rest of the country and two years later, the Federalist presidential candidate was soundly defeated by James Monroe.


Why did thomas Jefferson refer to the presidential election of 1800 as the revolution of 1800?

Thomas Jefferson referred to the presidential election of 1800 as the Revolution of 1800 because it ushered in a Democratic-Republican Party rule. It also lead to the eventual demise of the Federalist Party.


Is there a Federalist Party today in the US?

No there isn't. The Federalist Party died out over 175 years ago.