Hamilton and his wife Elizabeth had 8 children.
Alexander Hamilton had eight children.
No, Alexander Hamilton did not own slaves, but he was "complicit in the system," as Hamilton playwright Lin-Manuel Miranda put it. While Hamilton grew up on mostly black Caribbean islands and, especially early in his life, expressed hatred for slavery, he made multiple concessions to his anti-slavery stance as he advanced in his career. He managed slave sales for his wife's family and also accepted the "three-fifths compromise," which counted black people as three-fifths of a person, at the United States Constitutional Convention.
Late in his career, Hamilton did do some good in terms of race. He pushed an emancipation law in New York, which passed in 1799, and as secretary of the U.S. Treasury, he laid out an economic blueprint that was devoid of slavery.
Burr, a Republican, and Hamilton, a Federalist, had been bitter political rivals for years, beginning when Burr took Hamilton's father-in-law's seat in Congress.
In the 1800 Presidential election, Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson each received the same number of votes, enough to unseat the incumbent John Adams, but resulting in a tie for the presidency. The Electoral College was unable to resolve the tie, so the House of Representatives became responsible for determining the outcome of the race. Whichever man received the most House votes would become the next President; the other would be Vice-President.
The House attempted to resolve the stalemate in 36 votes over seven days. Alexander Hamilton, who was then Secretary of the Treasury, used his political influence to convince the Representatives to vote for Jefferson. Burr learned of Hamilton's political maneuver, which escalated the animosity between the two.
In 1804, after Burr had been defeated in the New York Gubernatorial race, he learned Hamilton had allegedly made some disparaging remarks about Burr's character. The particulars are unknown because Hamilton's insults were only implied, not quoted.
A man named Dr. Cooper wrote a private letter to an acquaintance, and the letter was somehow leaked to a newspaper. The part Burr found offensive:
"Genl. Hamilton and Judge Kent have declared in substance that they looked upon Mr. Burr to be a dangerous man, and one who ought not to be trusted with the reins of Government. I could detail to you a still more despicable opinion which General Hamilton has expressed of Mr. Burr."
Burr exchanged several letters with Alexander Hamilton requesting an apology, but Hamilton refused. Burr's initial approach seems to have been relatively straightforward and non-confrontational, but Hamilton's response was taunting and Burr's anger eventually escalated to the point of challenging Hamilton to a duel to defend his honor.
Hamilton accepted, but history tells us he intentionally fired into a tree limb about fourteen feet above and four feet wide of Burr's head. Burr either believed Hamilton intended to shoot him or simply took advantage of an opportunity (the truth has never been determined), and fired directly at Hamilton, hitting him in the abdomen. Hamilton sustained organ damage and a severed spinal cord, and died the next day, July 12, 1804.
Burr was charged with murder in both New York and New Jersey, where the duel was held, but the case was never prosecuted.
Additionally, some historians cite evidence that Hamilton decided in advance of the duel that he would not fire his weapon. Hamilton was wounded in his liver by Burr and died 33 hours later in New York. Before his death he reportedly forgave Burr.
Basically, the Founding Fathers wanted a new constitution because the government under the Articles of Confederation proved to be unstable and inefficient. The document provided very little structure in terms of a federal government. Each state used their own currency and there was little unity. Finally, with Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts and no standing army to counteract it, the Founding Fathers came to the conclusion that a new government and constitution needed to be drawn up which would give America a stronger federal government while still preserving state's rights. More input from FAQ Farmers: * The Founding Fathers wanted a new constitution because the current government of the Articles of Confederation was not working due to the balance of powers between state and federal governments. The document gave state governments too much power and left the federal government helpless in both defending and caring for American interests. This eventually led to almost no unification of the states. Two parties emerged. The federalists, who lobbied for a strong central government, and the anti-federalists who emphasized state and individual rights. The two parties compromised and worked together to ratify the new Constitution that granted more power to a federal government and granted less power (but still protected) to the states. * After the Shay's Rebellion, the Fouding Fathers realized how weak the Articles of Confederation was. The federal government was powerless to stop the rebellion and Congress had little power. Some weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation included that was no chief executive, Congress had no power to tax citizens directly, no power to draft an army, had no national court system, no power to settle arguments among states, and many more. This led to the Constitutional Convention (started by Alex Hamilton), where the AoC was scrapped and a new constitution was written.
I don’t know??? I want to think he was but I am not sure.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a citizen revolt against a 1791 tax on whiskey. The reaction to the 1794 uprising in Pennsylvania demonstrated the determination of the US to enforce Federal laws. The militias of several states, under the personal command of President George Washington, were used to end the insurrection.
The tax on whiskey was bitterly and fiercely opposed by the settlers on the frontier from the day it was passed. Western farmers considered it to be both unfair and discriminatory, since they had traditionally converted their excess grain into liquor. Since the nature of the tax affected those who sold the whiskey, it directly affected many farmers. Many protest meetings were held, and a situation arose which was reminiscent of the opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765, before the American Revolution. Several groups were formed in opposition to the tax, and refused to pay it. Eventually the coercion of officials and private citizens prompted Washington to use military action.
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Hamilton favored a society based on trade and industry, thus his favoring of the merchant class.
It's Marshal Bell
Public Credit, Establishing the Bank of America, Creating the US Mint and the coinage of money, and Manufacturing strategies to compete with Europe and to make us independent of their goods.
This is a very thoughtful question. Hamilton was convinced that if the Constitution wasn't ratified then states would form into confederation of states: New England and NY; the middle states; and the southern states. These confederations would develop their own diplomatic relationships with European countries and that would end up dividing the country. Read "The Federalist" - 85 essays aka "The Federalist Papers". It thoroughly answers these questions in great depth. Hamilton conceived of the project, selected his partners, got the printers, and wrote 51 of the Essays. Madison wrote 29 and John Jay wrote 5. HamiltonRand@gmail.com
Alexander Hamilton was either 47 or 49 years old when he passed. His birth year is unclear. He died July 12, 1804.
To direct taxes on the states to support government operations
Because we believed the people needed liberty from Britain, the were unfairly taxing the colonists, and were taking away their unalienable rights.
Unalienable rights are rights not granted and therefore cannot be taken away:
Hamilton did not choose to fight on the side of the colonists. Here are some excerpts from my book The Never Realized Republic: Political Economy and Republican Virtue. (Check out a different answer here: http://wiki.answers.com/What_did_the_founding_fathers_take_from_England_while_forming_a_new_government.
...When Hamilton arrived in America in 1772 he had learned of the colonies' controversy first-hand by enlightened "Presbyterian Whig's." "Hamilton would become the first advocate of the Whigs "paranoid mistrust of power"2 The colonists' controversy was a century-old struggle and not a reaction to sudden and contemporary events.3 Not being from those generations, connected by lineage or controversy, Hamilton stepped onto the American stage to witness the effects of a century of controversy, and a perceived fear of arbitrary and often oppressive authority.
This was not unlike his fear of authority, or the natural and civil forces he witnessed as a boy on Nevis, in the British West Indies. From Nevis to Francis Barber, and Kings College, Hamilton responded to his fears. The hurricanes on Nevis, the anarchy of revolution, and the Federalist Papers show fear, not faith. Herein is the difference between Roman virtue, subjugating out of fear of losing liberty, and classical, Christian virtue, and faith in the desire to do good.
Hamilton preferred Federalism, he thought the federal government should have the most power. Hamilton's rival Jefferson, hated federalism and as an anti federalist was a strong supporter of states' rights.
Actually there were no parties until Jefferson left Washington's administration to actively undermine Hamilton's economic policies which Washington supported to Jefferson's dismay. By default, because of his energy and ideas, he became the leader of the Federalist philosophy and by association perceived a leader of a party. Hamilton abhorred parties or factions as they called it through the 1780's because he said people will want the party to be successful irrespective if it is best for the country.
He saw it as a test of the new administration's ability to govern.
Alexander Hamilton played a key role in building the American government by serving on Washington's staff for the revolutionary war from 1777-1781. He was the first Secretary of Treasury and did much to put the federal government on a firm fiscal basis.
In George Washington's first term, Jefferson was Sec. of State and Hamilton was Sec of Treasury. Washington and Hamilton saw things very consistently. Jefferson had a different view of things and went about trying to stop the progress of Hamilton's plans that Washington supported. After a while Jefferson couldn't take it any more, so he resigned from the cabinet. Although he professed that he just wanted to go back to his farm and leave politics, he never did. He encouraged surrogates, like James Madison to fight Hamilton/Washington's plans. Eventually, Jefferson took actions that made it clear that like-minded people needed to band together into a party to stop this implementation of plans that they disagreed with.
Hamilton had to defend his plans; and distortions that were making traction had to be addressed, so it did lead to two philosophical parties of thought. HamiltonRand@gmail.com
Although this is a subjective question, many would argue that the excise tax was the most controversial part of Hamilton's economic program, for two reasons.
-One being that it sparked the Whiskey Rebellion. No other parts of the plan sparked a formidable rebellion, which in itself, shows that people were not opposed to the other parts as much. By definition, this part was the most controversial to the people at that time.
-The second reason being that the excise tax was the only part of the plan that Thomas Jefferson repealed during his administration. He was vehemently opposed to the other parts of the plan, especially the national bank established by Hamilton, but he left them in place. The annulment of only this part of the plan shows that it was the most widely disliked, and therefore, controversial.
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