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What countries have sovereign immunity in the US?


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2010-06-12 17:29:54
2010-06-12 17:29:54

None, only diplomats have limited immunity from prosecution in the USA. This is referred to as diplomatic immunity rather than sovereign immunity.

Sovereign immunity in a feature of Common Law in which the sovereign or the state is immune from civil or criminal prosecution. The answer to your question is then that the American Federal government possess sovereign immunity except in those cases in which that immunity has been waived by statute. While not countries in themselves the constituent states of the United States are presumed to possess sovereign immunity.

A related concept is that of extraterritoriality or exemption from the jurisdiction of local law. This may be negotiated on the occasion of the visit of a head of state or as part of a status of forces agreement covering the armed forces of one nation stationed in another nations territory.


Related Questions

explain the difference between sovereign immunity qualified immunity charitable immunity and interspousal immunity?

The difference of absolute immunity from sovereign immunity is that all personal civil liability without limits or conditions even as a requirement of good faith and compare qualified immunity are exempted. Meanwhile, sovereign immunity is the absolute immunity of a sovereign government that prevents it from being sued.

The US Federal Government has "sovereign immunity", so it cannot be sued without its consent.

All states, and the federal government, still have the concept of sovereign immunity. There are exceptions to when it can be applied, but in general you can't sue the government.

Sovereign Immunity originated in early English law. It is the legal doctrine that the sovereign or state can commit no legal wrong. Thus they are immune from criminal prosecution and civil suits. Today, many jurisdictions have limited the protection provided by sovereign immunity, and/or added exceptions to the rule. In some jurisdictions the state can be sued for certain actions but the damage awards are limited.

Absolute sovereign immunity is a protocol that states someone, like a king, cannot commit any wrong doing. This applies to either criminal or civil matters.

No. An individual citizen is not a sovereign, i.e., does not have any supreme rank, power or authority. Sovereign immunity is a legal doctrine that protects the government from being sued without its consent. Although the concept is attributed to early English legal principles that the king can do no wrong, it has a longer history, derived from the nature of power and those who hold it to shield themselves. An individual must be acting as an agent of the government in order to enjoy immunity from suits.

It depends what you mean by 'our'. Generally a sovereign is immune from litigation. All will have diplomatic immunity

Both Canada and the US are sovereign countries. No states are shared.

Sovereign immunity was granted to the states after a Hans v. Louisiana ruling in 1890. The Supreme Court found that it was held in the eleventh amendment of the Constitution that states are immune to being sued.

Having legal immunity from the law is a legal status that makes a person essentially free from legal matters. Immunity may mean that a person does not have to be liable for damages or punished for crimes that they commit. Legal kinds of immunity include diplomatic immunity, parliamentary immunity, judicial immunity, and sovereign immunity, among others.

The sovereign states or countries closest to the US are Canada and Mexico

No. Mexico is a sovereign nation. There are treaties between the countries, but Mexico is not a protectorate.

The US government is protected by "Sovereign Immunity". In 1946 Congress passed The Federal Tort Claims Act giving individual LIMITED right to sue the government.

POORLY worded question. If the question is about Diplomatic Immunity issues - Diplomatic Immunity (in the US) is NOT offered to "international institutions." Only sovereign nations are accorded Diplomatic Immunity status.

The United States of America is made up of 50 sovereign country.

Immunity from what? Unable to determine exactly what the questioner is asking, but Hawaii is a state and has all the legal rights and privileges granted to any other state.

There are no countries in the US as the US is a country itself. The US, however, consists of 50 states. A state is a political division of a nation, although not sovereign.

State sovereign immunity is a common law doctrine that protects a state from being named as the defendant/respondent in a civil suit or criminal prosecution.In the United States, the Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution protects the individual states from being sued unless they waive (agree to drop) their sovereign immunity. Under certain circumstances, states may also be sued indirectly by naming an individual officeholder (Governor, Department Head, Prosecutor, etc.) of the State to stand as the defendant on the State's behalf. This allows the plaintiff (the person filing suit) an opportunity for legal redress while protecting the State Treasury (its money) from being drained by lawsuits.The concept of sovereign immunity didn't originate in the conservative Supreme Court of the 1990s, but has been part of English common law (and that of other countries) for centuries. In the United States, the States adopted sovereign immunity when they ratified the Eleventh Amendment in direct response to the Supreme Court ruling in Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 US 419 (1793), which held states lacked immunity from citizens (of other states) filing lawsuits against them for war debt. The doctrine was later explicitly upheld in Hans v. Louisiana, 134 US 1 (1890) and other cases.

There are 197 sovereign countries in the world.

You cannot. This is a fallacy, a scam and an illusion. All persons physically present in the US are subject to the laws thereof, unless they have diplomatic immunity. No one is "sovereign."

Sovereign rights are the rights of countries. Sovereign rights include the right to control what enters the country's borders and airspace.

It is the practice of courts giving rights to non-U.S. citizen felons in the judicial system.

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