What is Dutch language and how is it spoken?

Dutch is an Indo-European, West Germanic language, a descendant of several Frankish dialects and some elements of Frisian merging into Low Franconian, known in the language itself as Nederlands. A typical characteristic of this language spoken by 22 million native speakers (mainly in The Netherlands, Belgium (as Flemish/Vlaams) and the former colony of Suriname) and over 5 million speakers that consider it their second language is the guttural fricative [x] (especially in the North of Holland) and its palatalized vowels, making it sound (quoting an English observer) like "Irritated ducks in need of Fisherman's Friend". Another prominent feature is the use of the diminutive suffix -(t)je to make every object as small as the miniatures shown in Madurodam.