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What is the Mosaic Law Covenant?

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Answered 2009-10-20 21:38:12
Quite alarming to see Christians answering on Judaism and TOTALLY offering wrong information.Firstly: the covenant is the ETERNAL covenant between the Jews and G-d. Abraham made the first covenant with G-d, and later Moses also made one, when G-d gave him the TORAH (holy Jewish text) at Mt Sinai. Millions of Jews all heard G-d speak, and this national revelation was the 'official' start of the Jewish faith.And to correct the Christians answering here:It was NOTHING to do with Jesus. Jesus does not feature in Judaism and never did.And no, it was NOT a 'blood' covenant - this is an absurd suggestion! The covenant is in the nature of a contract - the Jews promised to stay true to the one genuine G-d and in return, he promised to protect them and watch over them.It is called the 'mosaic' covenant because it was Moses who went up Mt Sinai and returned with the ten commandments written on the stone tablets. But to be clear: they are not the laws of Moses, they are the laws of G-D.Perhaps the Christians here could have the decency NOT to MISrepresent Judaism?

Perhaps one should realize that New Testament writers were Jews and referred to the Torah and Prophets to defend and prove the Christ was Jesus. So please not to offend your answer but you are incorrect concerning proper sealing of covanents. Concerning G-ds covanent, The Law or 10 Words, blood was shed for the covanent sealing. Moses, in Exodus, read the Book of The Covanent to Israel, they confirmed they would do as promised, and Moses then sprinkled the last half of the kept blood to confirm and seal the promises that the 12 tribes confirmed they would uphold before the heavens and earth.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Answer: The Mosaic Covenant is a conditional covenant made between God and the nation of Israel at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19-24). It is sometimes called the Sinai Covenant but is more often referred to as the Mosaic Covenant since Moses was God�s chosen leader of Israel at that time. The pattern of the covenant is very similar to other ancient covenants of that time because it is between a sovereign King (God) and his people or subjects (Israel). At the time of the covenant God reminded the people of their obligation to be obedient to His law (Exodus 19:5) and the people agreed to the covenant when they said; �All that the Lord has spoken we will do!� (Exodus 19:8). This covenant would serve to set the nation of Israel apart from all other nations as God�s chosen people and was as equally binding as the unconditional covenant that God made with Abraham because it is also a blood covenant. The Mosaic Covenant is a significant covenant in both God�s redemptive history and in the history of the nation of Israel through whom God would sovereignly chose to bless the world with both His Written Word and the Living Word, Jesus Christ.

The Mosaic covenant was centered around God giving His divine law to Moses on Mount Sinai. In understanding the different covenants in The Bible and their relationship with one another it is important to understand that the Mosaic Covenant differs significantly from the Abrahamic Covenant and later biblical covenants because it is conditional in that the blessings that God promises are directly related to Israel�s obedience to the Mosaic Law. If Israel is obedient then God will bless them, but if they disobey then God will punish them. The blessings and curses that are associated with this conditional covenant are found in detail in Deuteronomy 28. The other covenants found in the Bible were unilateral covenants of promise, in which God bound Himself to do what He promised, regardless of what the recipients of the promises might do. On the other hand the Mosaic Covenant is a bilateral agreement, which specifies the obligations of both parties to the covenant.

The Mosaic Covenant is especially significant because in it God promises to make Israel �a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.� (Exodus 19:6) Israel was to be God�s light to the dark world around them. They were to be a separate and called out nation so that everyone around them would know that they worshiped Yahweh, the covenant keeping God. It is significant because it is here that Israel received the Mosaic Law that was to be a schoolmaster pointing the way towards the coming of Christ. (Galatians 3:24-25) The Mosaic Law would reveal to people their sinfulness and their need for a Savior and it is the Mosaic Law that Christ Himself said that He did not come to abolish but to fulfill. This is an important point because some people get confused by thinking that keeping the Law saved people in the Old Testament, but the Bible is clear that salvation has always been by faith alone and the promise of salvation by faith that God had made to Abraham as part of the Abrahamic covenant still remained in effect (Galatians 3:16-18).

Also the sacrificial system of the Mosaic Covenant did not really take away sins (Hebrews 10:1-4), it simply foreshadowed the bearing of sin by Christ, the perfect high priest Who was also the perfect sacrifice (Hebrews 9:11-28). Therefore the Mosaic Covenant itself, with all its detailed laws, could not save people. It is not that there was any problem with the law itself, for the law is perfect and was given by a Holy God, but the law had no power to give people new life, and the people were not able to obey the law perfectly (Galatians 3:21).

The Mosaic Covenant is also referred to as the Old Covenant (2 Corinthians 3:14; Hebrews 8:6, 13) and was replaced by the New Covenant in Christ (Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; 8:13; 9:15; 12:24). The New Covenant in Christ, is far better than the old Mosaic Covenant that it replaces because it fulfills the promises made in Jeremiah 31:31-34 as quoted in Hebrews 8


Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

"Till heaven and earth pass" Jesus says that the Old Testament laws are binding on everyone.

5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

Misquote of

Jer.31:32 Jer.31:32, "Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, 'ALTHOUGH I WAS A HUSBAND UNTO THEM', saith the LORD."

Heb.8:9 "Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and 'I REGARDED THEM NOT", saith the Lord."

See Related Links

See the Related Links for "Are the laws of the Old Testament still binding?" to the bottom for the answer.

Mosaic Law and the Code of Hammurabi

Everyone is familiar with Moses receiving the ten commandments in two stone tablets from God in Mount Sinai. However, this story is originally Babylonian.

One of the most well known ancient code of law was the Code of Hammurabi, so name after the Amorite king Hammurabi who lived around 1700 BC. On the great Babylonian stone monument, known as the stele of Hammurabi, a drawing inscribed on it shows the great Amorite King receiving the tablets of the law from the sun god, Shamash.

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Are the ten commandments related to the covenant Moses covenant?

Yes this is called the Mosaic covenant. The giving of the law was an important event in establishing the nation of Israel. The law identified Israel as a particular nation dedicated to God.

Is there a Jewish custom on tithing?

According to the Bible, ancient Israel were commanded to tithe as part of their covenant with God. The covenant is also referred to as the Mosaic Law (Law of Moses) or the Old Testament/Covenant.Your Tithe

What covenant did the Hebrews make with their God?

The Noahic Covenant; Abrahamic Covenant; Lot's Covenant; Jacob's Covenant; Mosaic Covenant/Sinaitic Covenant; Davidic Covenant.

What are three Jewish covenants?

The three major Jewish covenants are Noah's Covenant, Abraham's Covenant, the Mosaic Covenant (Moses' Covenant.)

How are the old and New Testaments connected?

The Old Testament is the Mosaic covenant of works The New Testament is the Abrahamic covenant of grace Law of Moses: the ministration of death Gospel of Christ: the ministration of life

How many major covenants are found in the bible?

I believe there were at least 5 covenants God made with Israel. The Abrahamic covenant (Gen.12), the Mosaic Law Code (Ex. 20, Gal. 3), the Palestinian Covenant (Deut. 30), the Davidic Covenant ( (2 Samuel 7), and the New Covenant.

What kind of covenant is the mosaic covenant?

It is a blood covenant. Read Exodus 24:3-8. For a discussion of blood covenants, see related link, below.

At what point did the Mosaic Law take effect?

Another ancient law is the Mosaic Law which came about around 1400 B.C. ...

Why is it called Mosaic Law?

Because the Mosaic law is contained in the Torah which Moses conveyed from God to the Israelites.

Mosaic law Canadian law?


Who does the mosaic apply to?

"Mosaic" is a reference to Mosaic law - the laws handed down by Moses, ie: Judaism.

What is the Law of Abraham in the Bible?

There was no 'Law of Abraham'. The Law code was established with Moses. There was, however, a 'covenant' made with Abraham which lasted 430 years until the Mosaic Law began as Israel left Egypt.(Exodus 12:40-42)(Galatians 3:17).

What are type of Jews still strictly believe in mosaic law?

Mosaic Jews

What are the release dates for The Mosaic Law - 1913?

The Mosaic Law - 1913 was released on: USA: 24 January 1913

Does it matter if churches celebrate the sabbath day on Sunday?

God is not the author of confusion. May I ask, where is it in the new covenant that anyone should observe any holy day? Sabbath observance was strictly for the Hebrew of the OLD TESTAMENT that was observed, kept, Mosaic law. Law-keeping, which no man can do was afforded only to the Hebrew through the Abrahamic covenant..NO Gentile could ever keep Mosaic law, and still cannot. Remember the sabbath, keep it Holy, is the 4th commandment of Mosaic law...... to the Hebrew in the Old covenant. The Hebrew/ Jewish Sabbath is Friday at Sundown, to Saturday at sundown. The way it was kept was to do absolutely nothing but rest... .

When did God make the Mosaic covenant?

There really wasn't a "Mosaic Covenant". But through his faithful prophet Moses, God initiated the "Law Covenant" that was between him and the nation of Israel - the children of Jacob. (Some do refer to this as the Law of Moses) The Israelites were finally allowed to leave Egypt from slavery and bondage in the year 1513 BCE. In that same year, Moses began the writings of the first five books of the Bible. Soon after the Israelites had they left Egypt (in the third month) and after they crossed the Red Sea, the Law covenant was given to Moses for all of Israel to read and obey. Genesis 19:1 "In the third month after the Israelites went out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the wilderness of Siʹnai" The first part was the ten commandments which were the core principles for the Law covenant.

How has Mosaic Law influenced the development of Canadian Law?


What is the importance of Christ's body and blood?

In Genesis 15:9, 10, God made a covenant - a blood covenant - with Abram, affirming His relationship with him (the Abrahamic covenant).In Exodus 24:3-8 God again made a blood covenant - with the children of Israel, affirming His relationship with them (the Sinai or Mosaic covenant).In Matthew 26:26, Mark 14:22, and Luke 22:19, Jesus, God's Son, made a blood covenant - with His disciples, affirming His relationship with them. At that time, a new dispensation was brought in. An historical page was turned. A point of remembrance (an altar) was erected. Without Jesus' body and blood, there is no alternative but to be under the old Mosaic covenant, and thus, under the law. But Jesus fulfilled the law and paid the price for sin with His own body and blood... and that's what He wants us to remember as often as we eat the bread and drink the cup.

Was Jesus under the Mosaic Law or another law?

Since Jesus was born a Jew, Galatians 4:4 tells us that he came to be "under law", meaning the Mosaic Law.

What is a sentence for covenant?

he agreed to covenant with the law to stop slavery

How has Mosaic Law influenced the development of American Law?

Mosaic Law has influenced the development of American law only in so far as the Ten Commandments apply. The Ten Commandments are the basics of Mosaic as well as Christian Law. If one looks closely at American law, he will find all the connotations of the Ten Commandments apply.

What is the mosaic law used for?

For Jews to live by.

What is mosaic law?

"Mosaic law" came to refer to the entire legal content of the Pentateuch (first 5 books of Bible), not just the Ten Commandments.

Was Moses' law the old covenant with Israel?

Moses' law was and is the covenant (the terms of God's covenant) with the Israelites. See (for example) Deuteronomy 26:17-19.

What are some covenants that god made with mankind?

Covenants are contracts between God and mankind. They are consistent and ever-enlarging beginning from the Noahic Covenant, the Abrahamic Covenant, the Mosaic Covenant (aka Sinai Covenant), the Davidic Coventant, and the capstone or culminating New Covenant. Though men break covenants, God keeps His promises.

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