The Diaspora (scattering of the Jewish people) began because we were unable to live in the Holy Land. The prophets had constantly warned the Israelites that ignoring the Torah would result in exile.
1) Around 2600 years ago, the Assyrians forcibly exiled the Ten Israelite tribes to points unknown. A small percentage of each of these tribes is still among us, but most of them were exiled and didn't return.
2) Around 2500 years ago, the Babylonians destroyed the First Temple and forcibly exiled the remainder of Israel's population to Babylonia. (See: The Destruction)
While the Jews were permitted to return to Israel (Judea) seventy years later, and tens of thousands did so (and rebuilt the Temple), most of them remained in Babylonia, while others began to settle in North Africa, southern Europe, the Crimea, throughout the Near East and elsewhere.
3) In 68 CE, the Romans destroyed the Second Temple. The Romans did not force the Jews out of Judea in a single expulsion. Rather, the Romans expelled them from Jerusalem only; and the rest of Judea lost its Jews slowly, over a period of centuries, as living there became too harsh. Even then, we have records of Jewish communities who lived in Judea (Palestine) during the entire period of the last two millenia. (See:History of the Jews in Israel)
Those Jews who left Judea went to southern Europe, North Africa, Arabia, the Near East, and (slowly) further afield (especially throughout Europe).
The diaspora (scattering) was difficult for us:
1) Because certain mitzvot (such as those related to agriculture in the Holy Land) now became suspended for the duration of the exile.
2) Because of the impediment to communication between the various communities. This could lead to the development of rivaling groups, each claiming to be authentic.
(See for example: What are the Karaites?)
3) Because the Jews were now a minority among other nations, who were sometimes quite hostile.
4) Along with the Torah, the Land of Israel (Judea) and the Holy Temple had been central to Judaism. It now was to be seen whether Torah-observance could be maintained on the high level that those ideal factors had been conducive to.
How did the diaspora affect the Jews?
To a certain extent, the diaspora caused the various Jewish communities to take on minor aspects of their host countries.
While all Jews share the same Torah and Talmud, and differences in halakhah (Jewish laws) are relatively small, nonetheless some traits of our regions of residence have rubbed off on us. Examples are the differences in pronunciation and accent (for the Hebrew alphabet), differences in dress, and differences in customs and mannerisms.
The Jewish Diaspora because they were exiled from their temple.
The putting of the Talmud into writing.
The spread of Judaism may be called spacial distribution or diaspora. The spacial distribution of Jews differs from that of any other ethnic religion. This is because Judaism is practiced in many countries, not just its place of origin. But the spread of Judaism might be caused by diaspora, the action of when the Romans forced Jews to disperse throughout the world. The Romans had forced the diaspora after demolishing an attempt by the Jews to rebel against Roman rule.
The putting of the Talmud into writing.
Instead of Temple sacrifice, community prayer was instituted.
Monotheism is a word describing Judaism. Want others? Prophets; optimistic; Torah; synagogue; diaspora; ancient - - these are a few more examples.
The Temple was destroyed. This was the greatest catalysts in the develpoment of Judaism.
diaspora diaspora diaspora
No special significance. Interestingly, some say that King David had red hair.
The significance is that it became the foundation of modern Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.
No, there is no such tradition within Judaism.
A Jewish house of worship is called synagogue. The country of Israel is also of deep significance to Jews.
Because Jews are a diaspora that live around the world, and anyone with the dedication to do so may convert.
The significance of a Jewish wedding is that a Jewish man and a Jewish woman are married according to the rites and traditions of Judaism.
Molars are teeth. They have no special significance in Judaism.
It is one of the reasons, yes. See also:The diaspora
The four diaspora occurred in the following order. From newest to oldest: the American Diaspora, the European Diaspora, the Roman Diaspora, and the Babylonian Diaspora.
The Hebrew religion developed into modern Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Judaism worships God. Judaism is a monotheistic religion (One God). The people who believe in Judaism are called Jews or Hebrews, from Israel and Jerusalem. Their place of worship is a temple or synagogue. Their holy book is the Torah and also the Ten Commandments. The founder was Abraham. Moses was the prophet who led them out of enslavement in Egypt (exile), and to Jerusalem (diaspora).
It survived because it changed from a location-based religion with a system of Temple sacrifices, to a portable religion, based on study and prayer.
Abraham; the founder of judaism moses; freed the Jews from slavery
There is no Jewish meaning of Easter. Easter is a Christian holiday that is of no significance to Judaism.