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The Diaspora (scattering of the Jewish people) began because we were unable to live in the Holy Land. The prophets had constantly warned the Israelites that ignoring the Torah would result in exile.
1) Around 2600 years ago, the Assyrians forcibly exiled the Ten Israelite tribes to points unknown. A small percentage of each of these tribes is still among us, but most of them were exiled and didn't return.
2) Around 2500 years ago, the Babylonians destroyed the First Temple and forcibly exiled the remainder of Israel's population to Babylonia. (See: The Destruction)
While the Jews were permitted to return to Israel (Judea) seventy years later, and tens of thousands did so (and rebuilt the Temple), most of them remained in Babylonia, while others began to settle in North Africa, southern Europe, the Crimea, throughout the Near East and elsewhere.


3) In 68 CE, the Romans destroyed the Second Temple. The Romans did not force the Jews out of Judea in a single expulsion. Rather, the Romans expelled them from Jerusalem only; and the rest of Judea lost its Jews slowly, over a period of centuries, as living there became too harsh. Even then, we have records of Jewish communities who lived in Judea (Palestine) during the entire period of the last two millenia. (See:History of the Jews in Israel)


Those Jews who left Judea went to southern Europe, North Africa, Arabia, the Near East, and (slowly) further afield (especially throughout Europe).

See also:

Jewish history timeline

Where do Jews live today?


Related topic:
The diaspora (scattering) was difficult for us:

1) Because certain mitzvot (such as those related to agriculture in the Holy Land) now became suspended for the duration of the exile.


2) Because of the impediment to communication between the various communities. This could lead to the development of rivaling groups, each claiming to be authentic.

(See for example: What are the Karaites?)


3) Because the Jews were now a minority among other nations, who were sometimes quite hostile.


4) Along with the Torah, the Land of Israel (Judea) and the Holy Temple had been central to Judaism. It now was to be seen whether Torah-observance could be maintained on the high level that those ideal factors had been conducive to.


Related topic:
How did the diaspora affect the Jews?
To a certain extent, the diaspora caused the various Jewish communities to take on minor aspects of their host countries.
While all Jews share the same Torah and Talmud, and differences in halakhah (Jewish laws) are relatively small, nonetheless some traits of our regions of residence have rubbed off on us. Examples are the differences in pronunciation and accent (for the Hebrew alphabet), differences in dress, and differences in customs and mannerisms.

See also:

Maintaining Judaism during the exile

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โˆ™ 2015-05-05 18:35:46
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โˆ™ 2009-05-07 17:06:50

Diaspora is defined as anywhere outside of (the Biblical area called) Israel. Diaspora signifies the expulsion of the Jews from the Land of Israel by the Romans, among others.

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Q: What is the significance of the diaspora for Judaism?
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Related questions

What religion the Torah and diaspora relate to?

Judaism


Judaism is believed to be a religion without a homeland this is known as?

The diaspora.


What threatened the survival of judaism?

The Jewish Diaspora because they were exiled from their temple.


What change helped Judaism during the diaspora?

The putting of the Talmud into writing.


What is the spread of Judaism called?

The spread of Judaism may be called spacial distribution or diaspora. The spacial distribution of Jews differs from that of any other ethnic religion. This is because Judaism is practiced in many countries, not just its place of origin. But the spread of Judaism might be caused by diaspora, the action of when the Romans forced Jews to disperse throughout the world. The Romans had forced the diaspora after demolishing an attempt by the Jews to rebel against Roman rule.


What change helped judaism survive during the diaspora?

The putting of the Talmud into writing.


How did Judaism survive after the diaspora happened?

Instead of Temple sacrifice, community prayer was instituted.


What is the significance to Judaism of the Western Wall?

Ano Po


What is one word that describes Judaism?

Monotheism is a word describing Judaism. Want others? Prophets; optimistic; Torah; synagogue; diaspora; ancient - - these are a few more examples.


What is the significance of the date AD 70 in relation to Judaism?

The Temple was destroyed. This was the greatest catalysts in the develpoment of Judaism.


What are adjectives for Diaspora?

diaspora diaspora diaspora


What significance do redheads have in Judaism?

No special significance. Interestingly, some say that King David had red hair.


What is the significance of monotheism as practiced by ancient Hebrews?

The significance is that it became the foundation of modern Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.


Is there any significance to a folded napkin?

No, there is no such tradition within Judaism.


Does judaism have a place of significance?

A Jewish house of worship is called synagogue. The country of Israel is also of deep significance to Jews.


Why is Judaism multi-ethic?

Because Jews are a diaspora that live around the world, and anyone with the dedication to do so may convert.


What is the significance of a Jewish wedding?

The significance of a Jewish wedding is that a Jewish man and a Jewish woman are married according to the rites and traditions of Judaism.


What does molars represent in Jewish religion?

Molars are teeth. They have no special significance in Judaism.


Is the fact that the Jews wanted to practice Judaism freely a reason for their migrations in the middle ages?

It is one of the reasons, yes. See also:The diaspora


In what order did the four diasporas occur?

The four diaspora occurred in the following order. From newest to oldest: the American Diaspora, the European Diaspora, the Roman Diaspora, and the Babylonian Diaspora.


What is the significance of the Hebrew religion?

The Hebrew religion developed into modern Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


Whom does Judaism worship?

Judaism worships God. Judaism is a monotheistic religion (One God). The people who believe in Judaism are called Jews or Hebrews, from Israel and Jerusalem. Their place of worship is a temple or synagogue. Their holy book is the Torah and also the Ten Commandments. The founder was Abraham. Moses was the prophet who led them out of enslavement in Egypt (exile), and to Jerusalem (diaspora).


How did Judaism survived despite the diaspora?

It survived because it changed from a location-based religion with a system of Temple sacrifices, to a portable religion, based on study and prayer.


What are the early major figures and their significance?

Abraham; the founder of judaism moses; freed the Jews from slavery


What is the Jewish meaning of Easter?

There is no Jewish meaning of Easter. Easter is a Christian holiday that is of no significance to Judaism.

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