What was the Indian Removal act?
The indian Removal act is when President Jackson wanted to move
the Indians or Native Americans out from there land and payed the
indians money and gave them aid for one year. (1830) A law that
made it legal for the President (Andrew Jackson) to move Native
tribes west. The Cherokees were one group that was evicted from
their land in Georgia and South Carolina. A lottery was held to
divide their land.
The Indian removal act was when Cherokees and other tribes were
living on fertile land, which also has gold. America wants the land
and they try to get the southeastern tribes to sign away their
land. some think it is mandatory and sign it, but some tribes,
among them the Cherokee,refuse to sign away their land. the whole
thing goes to supreme court and supreme court judge john Marshall
says that the land is the Cherokees and shows treaties to prove it.
Andrew Jackson, president at the time, did not like this ruling. he
proposed a law to congress which was the Indian Removal act.
congress passed the law and the Indians had 2 years to leave their
lands. some left to land west of the Mississippi in present day
Ohio, but this land is not fertile and nothing like the Indians
homeland. the Cherokees stay for the 2 years and then they are
forced to leave in the trail of tears. they were relocated in the
winter and many didn't even have shoes. the Cherokees had nearly
half the people that the had at the start.
The Indian Removal Act authorized the President to give the
unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange of the Indian