History of the United States
Native American History
Cherokee Indians

What was the Indian Removal act?

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2015-09-28 03:19:41

The indian Removal act is when President Jackson wanted to move

the Indians or Native Americans out from there land and payed the

indians money and gave them aid for one year. (1830) A law that

made it legal for the President (Andrew Jackson) to move Native

tribes west. The Cherokees were one group that was evicted from

their land in Georgia and South Carolina. A lottery was held to

divide their land.

The Indian removal act was when Cherokees and other tribes were

living on fertile land, which also has gold. America wants the land

and they try to get the southeastern tribes to sign away their

land. some think it is mandatory and sign it, but some tribes,

among them the Cherokee,refuse to sign away their land. the whole

thing goes to supreme court and supreme court judge john Marshall

says that the land is the Cherokees and shows treaties to prove it.

Andrew Jackson, president at the time, did not like this ruling. he

proposed a law to congress which was the Indian Removal act.

congress passed the law and the Indians had 2 years to leave their

lands. some left to land west of the Mississippi in present day

Ohio, but this land is not fertile and nothing like the Indians

homeland. the Cherokees stay for the 2 years and then they are

forced to leave in the trail of tears. they were relocated in the

winter and many didn't even have shoes. the Cherokees had nearly

half the people that the had at the start.

The Indian Removal Act authorized the President to give the

unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange of the Indian

lands.


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