answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer
  1. Sweeping Economic Changes

Southern political insecurity was exacerbated by external economic pressure. Around the globe, more and more countries were ramping up production of raw cotton. While Southerners boasted that “Cotton is King,” their primary export had become steadily less valuable in the decade leading up to the Civil War. Since the South had no financial system to speak of, one bad crop often sent plantation owners to Yankee banks (or London ones). “In effect, the South had all the disadvantages of a one-crop economy,” wrote the historian Paul Johnson. The North, on the other hand, was a burgeoning industrial economy with an elaborate financial sector intent on expansion.

  1. The Union Was Rapidly Changing Amidst Political Upheaval

In the decade preceding the conflict, California, Minnesota, Oregon and Kansas all became states. Up until the 1850s, the Union had survived largely through the Missouri Compromise, a Faustian bargain that maintained the political balance between the North and South but did nothing to address the slavery question. The question of how these states were admitted to the Union, and which ones, created tension between the North and South.

It’s easy to lose sight of all the things that happened in the latter half of the 1850s. The Missouri Compromise was killed. The law that replaced it—the Kansas-Nebraska Act—was found unconstitutional (a stunning action at the time). A major political party (the Whigs) abruptly died. Two free states joined the Union (Oregon and Minnesota), while a slave state (Kansas) was initially denied entry. All of these things occurred under Democratic presidents relatively sympathetic to slavery. The prospect of a president opposed to slavery struck fear in the hearts of Southerners. As the nation changed, it seemed to give credence to John C. Calhoun’s warning (made just days before he died) that if the South waited too long to act it would no longer be strong enough to leave the Union (peaceably or not).

  1. There Was a Breakdown of Decorum and Civil Discourse

Both North and South burned with righteous anger because both passionately believed in the justice of their cause. This caused not just harsh language, but spasms of violence that racked the nation. One of the earliest instances involved Elijah P. Lovejoy, a printer who was killed in 1837 when his small abolitionist newspaper was attacked by a mob of slave sympathizers. One of the last was John Brown’s deadly failed raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859.

In between these events were numerous other violent events, and lawmakers were not immune. Perhaps the most notorious instance was Congressman Preston Brooks’ attack on Sen. Charles Sumner, who on the Senate floor delivered a speech filled with sexual innuendo that impugned the honor of a kinsman of the South Carolina Congressman. In response, Brooks attacked Sumner in his Senate office with a cane, leaving Sumner in a bleeding heap surrounded by cane shards. (It took two years for Sumner to recover.)

In normal times a violent attack on an old, unarmed man would spark outrage. Instead, as historian Shelby Foote noted, “Southern sympathizers sent Brooks walking sticks by the dozen, recommending their use on other abolitionists…” Brooks, censured by Congress, was later overwhelmingly reelected to his congressional seat.

  1. Fundamental Disagreement on Constitutional Principles

Uncertainty as to what the federal government could and could not do began before the ink on the U.S. Constitution was dry. If, how, and to what extent the federal government could limit or abolish slavery loomed over American history.

Lincoln—both before and during the Civil War—said the federal government lacked the power to force emancipation on the states. The Founders had created a system “conceived in liberty”—but one, he admitted, that lacked the power to liberate the enslaved. Radical Republicans disagreed. All constitutional issues aside, the radicals probably were correct that no nation conceived on such lofty principles could indefinitely condone a system that enslaved.

Even before the Constitution was written, Samuel Johnson ironically asked, “How is it that the loudest yelps for liberty come from the drivers of Negroes?” By the 1850s the hypocrisy could no longer be ignored because of the sheer scope of slavery. The Census of 1860 shows there were some 4 million slaves in the South—compared to 78,000 in 1727 and 697,000 in 1790.

The South might have had the Constitution on its side, but history was not. Radical Republicans with increasing frequency came to believe they had a moral duty to abolish slavery, that they were obligated by “a Higher Law than the Constitution.”

User Avatar

Andy Warrior

Lvl 3
โˆ™ 2020-11-15 19:38:51
This answer is:
๐Ÿ™
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What were the causes of the Civil War?
Write your answer...
Submit
Sign up for more answers

Registered users can ask questions, leave comments, and earn points for submitting new answers.

Already have an account? Log in

Related questions

Civil war in Liberia?

what was the causes of Liberia Civil War??


Who causes the civil war?

me


What are the causes of human suffering during the civil war?

it wasnt a civil war.


What are four causes of the Civil War?

It would depend greatly on which civil war.


What are the three causes of the Civil War?

There were several causes of the American Civil War. These causes include slavery, the Dred Scott Decision, and state rights.


What was one of the causes of the Mexican War?

The Civil War


Causes of the Civil War and outcome?

Please specify which Civil War, there are a lot to choose from....


What are the thee main causes of the Civil War?

Depends on which civil war - there have been many.


What are some causes of the modern day-civil war?

There is no civil war on today.


Can you have a 3 page paper on the causes of the civil war?

Yes, you can have as many pages as you need to express the information and history of the causes of the civil war.


What were the causes of the compromise of 1850?

the civil war.


What are the min causes for the Civil war?

SLAVERY .


What were the four causes of american industrial growth after the civil war?

Causes of industrial growth after the Civil War were an increase in the steel industry and the growth of railroads.


What state caused the Civil War?

The causes of the civil war were complex. Not just one state caused it


What actors and actresses appeared in Causes of the Civil War - 1996?

The cast of Causes of the Civil War - 1996 includes: Margaret Peters as Herself (historian)


What were the causes of the civil war in the us?

slavery ;) thats it


Four causes of the Civil War?

the four root causes of civil war where slavery, westward expansion, north vs. south and national gov. vs. states.


What were the 3 causes the Civil War?

Three Proximate Causes of the Civil War are John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry, Lincoln's Election, and the Secession of the Confederate States.


Was the Civil War a war to end slavery from the beginning?

No. The root causes of the American Civil War were economic (taxation) and political (states' rights).


What were the main causes of surrender of the American Civil War?

The main causes of surrender during the American Civil War are the same reason for surrender in any other war,... one side overwhelms the other.


What are the causes and effects during the civil war?

This question needs to be more specific; which civil war (in which country) is being referred to?


What are some historical causes for the civil war?

some historical causes of the civil war were slavery and the splitting of the country people wanted to keep it together whcih caused it to split


What was the causes of the civil war?

One of the causes was the North and South's differing views on slavery.


What were the causes of the united states civil war?

The US civil war was started because of the whole slavery issue. The north was against it, and the south was for it. The states fought, and the civil war was started.


What where the causes of the sierra Leone civil war?

diamons and government

People also asked

How was the compromise of 1850 different from The Missouri Compromise?

View results

What was the effect of the Kansas Nebraska act and Bleeding Kansas?

View results