Which US presidents served only one term?
12 Presidents have served only a single complete elected term -
John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren, James K Polk,
Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Rutherford B Hayes, Benjamin
Harrison, William Howard Taft, Herbert Hoover, Jimmy Carter and
George H.W. Bush.
Four Presidents - Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S
Truman and Lyndon B Johnson - have succeeded to the Presidency
through death, and then gone on to serve a single elected term of
Three presidents served only one full term but were elected to
second terms which they could not complete . - Abraham Lincoln and
William McKinley served only a few weeks or months of their second
terms before being assassinated, and Richard M Nixon, resigned 19
months into his second term.
Five Presidents - William H Harrison, Zachary Taylor, James A.
Garfield, Warren G Harding, and John F. Kennedy - died during their
first terms and so had no opportunity to seek a second.
Five Presidents - John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson,
Chester A. Arthur, and Gerald Ford - succeeded from the
Vice-Presidency but did not win elected terms of their own and so
actually served less than one term.
That gives 29 Presidents who were "single-termers" by one
definition or another.
Of those 29 U. S. Presidents, the following ten were candidates
in more than one presidential election but won only once:
John Adams (won in 1796; lost in 1800)
John Quincy Adams (won in 1824; lost in 1828)
Martin Van Buren (won in 1836; lost in 1840 and 1848)
William Henry Harrison (lost in 1836; won in 1840; see 3rd note
Benjamin Harrison (won in 1888; lost in 1892)
Theodore Roosevelt (won in 1904; lost in 1912; see 1st note
William Howard Taft (won in 1908; lost in 1912)
Herbert Hoover (won in 1928; lost in 1932)
Jimmy Carter (won in 1976; lost in 1980)
George H. W. Bush (won in 1988; lost in 1992)
In 1856, incumbent President Franklin Pierce sought but failed
to win the Democratic Party nomination, which went to James