Who invented the land mine?
Land mines were invented in the 13th century, where there are
records of its use by Song Dynasty China against the Mongols. The
invention is attributed to Lou Qianxia.
Some sources report that the 3rd century Prime Minister Zhuge
Liang of the Kingdom of Shu in China invented a landmine-type
device in the third century, although this is purely
The earliest confirmed use of a land mine dates to 1277 AD in
Song Dynasty China, when it was used by the Chinese against an
assault of the Mongols, who were besieging a city in northern
China. The invention of this detonated "enormous bomb" was credited
to one Lou Qianxia of the 13th century.
The 14th century Chinese text of the 'Huolongjing, which was the
first to describe hollow cast iron cannonball shells filled with
gunpowder, was also the first to describe the invention of the land
mine in greater detail than references found in texts written
The first modern explosive anti-personnel mines were likely
those used by the Confederate army in 1862, in the US Civil War.
Their general, Gabriel J. Rains, had used similar explosives as
booby traps in 1840 during the Seminole Wars.