Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony?
Matthew Cradock was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony. He took office in 1628 and was in office until 1629.
As Massachusetts is a state (and before the US existed a colony) it never had a mayor, but it did have a governor. It's first Governors were Matthew Craddock, of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and John Carver or the Plymouth Colony (Carver came nine years before Craddock), both of which made up what is now today the Commonwealth of Massachusetts It's first provincial governor was Sir William Phipps It's first commonwealth (and established state) governor…
The first successful colony planted in what became known as New England was the Plymouth Colony in 1620. This colony was founded at Plymouth Rock in what is now Massachusetts by the Pilgrims from the Mayflower. The colony existed until 1691 when it was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The oldest existing political entity is Massachusetts which was founded as the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present day Boston in 1630.