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When the Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia in 1787 the delegates represented thirteen little independent nations, each a former British colony. They were loosely bound together by the Articles of Confederation, which had proved to be unsatisfactory in the type of central government authority it created. The delegates were to create a new governmental system for these thirteen independent nation-states. All governmental power rested in the capitals of the thirteen little nations, except that to loosely coordinate a national military policy.

But the delegates were jealous of the governmental power that each of their little nations had, and leery of surrendering any more of that power to the new central government they were trying to create than was absolutely necessary. They worried that a central government might favor one section over another, or help one section at the expense of another. They wanted a new central government that would be strong enough to be effective, but no stronger. They wanted the new government to have enough power to do the things which were best handled collectively for all the thirteen nation-states, but no more power than that. Things like defend them all together from foreign attacks, to make treaties with other nations on behalf of all of them deliver the mail.

The delegates created the US Constitution we still use today. In it, they spell out specifically what powers the new national government they were creating was to have. In order for this new Constitution to take effect, it had to be approved by each of the thirteen little nation-states. Some members of state governments were concerned about thing that were not in the new Constitution, so they insisted that these principals be added before they would ratify the new Constitution, so the "Bill of Rights", the first ten Amendments to the text of the Constitution was added. The Ninth and Tenth Amendments say that the Federal Government had ONLY those powers specifically given to it by the new Constitution, and no more, not one bit more, and that any powers not SPECIFICALLY given to the new government by the Constitution were still in the hands of the states. These Amendments are still right there, in the Bill of Rights. They just have not meant much since 1865, when the Union won the Civil War. Before the Civil War the Federal government was small, with few employees, and rarely a factor in the life of most people. Most people never saw any sign of the Federal government's existence beyond their local postmaster. The Civil War marked a massive shift of government power in the US, from the state capitals to Washington DC. The Federal government, since the war, is the predominant one, and its power has grown continuously since, until today the people think nothing of the Federal government having its nose in every aspect of their lives. The Constitution still says this is not how things are supposed to be, and this was the reason those Amendments were in the Bill of Rights to start with - to prevent to growth of an all-smothering central government. But the forces of a strong central government won the Civil War. They try to distract the people by claiming the war was all about slavery, but that was only a peripheral issue. The real issue was immediately, keeping people and their territory in a nation where they no longer wanted to be, and the shifting of power from a decentralized, local arrangement to the central government. This was something nobody had agreed to, and which in fact our Constitution says, to this day, is not supposed to be.

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Q: What does state rights mean and how did this topic in the constitution causes a conflict between the north and the south?
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What are some connections between bill of rights and the American revolution?

The Bill of Rights came in the ratification of the constitution and the constitution was needed to form a government after the revolution.

The difference between the state of Illinois Constitution and the US Constitution?

One is longer------NEW ANSWER BELOW----US Constitution has seven articles; Illinois has fourteenBill of Rights are located at the end of US Constitution; Bill of Rights located at the start for Illinois Constitution

Why does the constitution protect some rights but not others?

The list of rights protected in the Constitution were those rights that the Founders believed would be most likely for a tyrannical government to infringe upon. There were also rights that were not protected because they come in direct conflict with other rights. For example, the Right of Reputation and the Right to Free Speech come into conflict since negative speech could harm reputation; but the Founders believed that Free Speech was more important that the Right of Reputation. There were also rights that the Founders did not believe should be given, but that later generations thought were worth protecting, such as the Right to be a Free Man.

Did Article 1 of the constitution come before or after the Bill of Rights?

The Constitution itself was ratified in 1787. The Bill of Rights, the 1st ten amendments to the Constitution, was added to the Constitution in 1789.

Does the US Constitution mention freedom of rights?

No. Nowhere in the constitution is "freedom of rights" mentioned

Related questions

Who solves a conflict between two states?

states rights are superceded only by the us constitution

What did slavery have to do with the new us constitution?

Slavery had everything to do with the new US constitution. They had to proclaim that all men were created equal, and all of them had inalienable rights. This immediately created a conflict between whites and blacks.

Whose rights come first when there is a conflict between an individual rights and the rights of the community?

what our rights are and what can and can't do!

What is the racial conflict between southern voting rights?

well, the racial conflict between southern voting rights is simply the fact that they won't let blacks vote. it was a racist thing and it wuz a conflict(hope i helped!)

Are there any contradictions between the Bill of Rights and the Constitution?


What is the difference between constitution and constitutional rights?

Nothing they are the same.

What is the difference between the bill of rights and the constitution?

The Bill of Rights is part of the Constitution. It is the name for the first ten amendments of the Constitution.

What are some connections between bill of rights and the American revolution?

The Bill of Rights came in the ratification of the constitution and the constitution was needed to form a government after the revolution.

Was the Constitution written before the Bill of Rights?

Yes it was. The Constitution was written and then the Bill of Rights was added as sort of a compramise between the Federalists and Anti-Federalsits. Many said that the original Constitution did not protect the people's natural rights, so the Bill of Rights was added to it.

What are the causes of outbreak of the civil war?

here are a few: conflict over states' rights, slavery, tariffs

What is Bill of Rights for?

The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the U. S. Constitution. They were added to make it very clear that the new government being created would not be too powerful. Individual citizens and states each have specific rights that the new government could not override. It was felt that the individual states might not ratify the Constitution without such guaranties.

Which right is recognized by some state constitution but absent in the us constitution?

the guarantee of equal rights between men and women