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The sodium atom becomes a sodium cation, and the chlorine atom becomes a chloride anion.

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Q: What kinds of ions do a sodium atom and a chlorine atom become when a valence electron is transferred from one the the other?
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Why is chlorine very reactive and argon is unreactive?

Chlorine needs to gain (-1) one valence electron to become unreactive like Argon. The reason why Argon is unreactive is because it had 8 valence electrons.


Number of valence electrons in chlorine?

I think that because chlorine has 17 electrons in all, and ten of them are filled up on the first two shells, then seven of them should be on the third shell, so seven of them are valance electrons.


why would two chlorine atoms be stably bonded together?

Cl:Cl Since each of the chlorines in the molecule is sharing one electron with the other they both get an octect. They only share one of their electrons with the other. So 7+1=8The chlorine atoms could share a pair of valence electrons.


Why does sodium forms a chemical bond with chlorine?

A sodium atom loses an electron which is gained by the chlorine atom. This results in the formation of a sodium ion with a 1+ charge and a chloride ion with a 1- charge. The electrostatic attraction between the oppositely charged ions forms an ionic bond between the ions.


Why chloride and oxide form nagaive ions?

Chlorine atoms have 7 valence electrons and need only 1 more in order to become stable (having 8 valence electrons). It takes much less energy to add an electron to a chlorine atom than it does to remove 7 valence electrons, so the chlorine atom gains one electron and becomes a negative ion with a 1- charge. The same thing is true of oxygen, except that it has 6 valence electrons, so it will gain 2 electrons and becomes a negative ion with a 2- charge.

Related questions

What kind of ions do a sodium atom and a chlorine atom become when a valence electron is transferred from one to the other?

when sodium valence electron is transferred to chlorine , both atoms become ions . the sodium atom becomes a positive ion . the chlorine atom becomes a negative ion .


What kind of ions do a sodium atom and a chlorine atom become when a valence electron is transferred one to the other?

when sodium valence electron is transferred to chlorine , both atoms become ions . the sodium atom becomes a positive ion . the chlorine atom becomes a negative ion .


What kinds of ions do a sodium atom and chlorine atom become what a valence electron is transferred from one to the other?

5421369877012254+125458


What does chlorine become when it gains one valence electron?

A negatively charged "ion".


Why is chlorine very reactive and argon is unreactive?

Chlorine needs to gain (-1) one valence electron to become unreactive like Argon. The reason why Argon is unreactive is because it had 8 valence electrons.


What kinds of ions do a sodium atom and a chlorine atom become when a valence electron is tranferred from one to the other?

Sodium becomes a cation and chlorine becomes an anion.


Number of valence electrons in chlorine?

I think that because chlorine has 17 electrons in all, and ten of them are filled up on the first two shells, then seven of them should be on the third shell, so seven of them are valance electrons.


What kinds of ions do a sodium atom and a chlorine atom become when a valence electrons is transferred from one to the other?

sodium becomes positive ( as it loses a negative electron but still hs the same number of + protons) with a single + charge. chlorine becomes negative ( as it gains an extra negative electron but still hs the same number of + protons) with a single - charge. NaCl -------> Na+ Cl-


When sodium and chlorine atoms combine what happens to the electrons?

The sodium atom, Na, is ionized, giving it's electron to the chlorine, Cl. Therefore, one electron is transferred from the sodium to the chlorine, forming Na+ and Cl- ions and an ionic bond.


What do bromine and chlorine have in common?

The atoms of both elements have seven valence electrons and a strong tendency to abstract, from a less electronegative atom, an electron to complete their valence shells and thereby become an anion.


The charge on a chloride ion in AICI3 is?

Each separate chlorine ion will have a charge of 1-. This is because chlorine has 7 valence electrons, so it needs one more electron to become stable.


How many additional valence electrons does chlorine need to have a full valence shell?

11 electrons makes the third energy level complete. One