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Colonial America

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Viva Kub

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โˆ™ 2021-10-14 18:34:49
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Cards in this guide (26)
What is the difference between a primary and a secondary source

A primary source records an event. A secondary source examines the primary source.

What was the purpose of the Jamestown colony

The original purpose of the Jamestown colony was to make money for the Virginia Company.

What did the headright system do

The Headright system began in the US state of Virginia.

The Headright system tried to solve the labor shortage problem. It was also a way to attract new colonists. Immigrant colonists were given one headright and could receive one more for each passage they paid for an additional immigrant.

The Headright system also led to too much distribution of land, increasing the tension between the Native Americans and the colonists. It also let to the increase of indentured servitude and slavery.

What did Europeans bring to the New World that caused the deaths of millions of Native Americans

The colonist brought several things with them that helped destroy the Native American culture. The first thing most people think of concerning this is disease. Disease was a huge factor in the deaths of many Native Americans, but other things came with the colonist that brought longer more subtle changes to the lives of the Native Americans and helped destroy their way of life. Before the fist colony of Jamestown the Powhatan Indians carefully managed the lands they inhabited. They burned undergrowth to keep the forest open, relocated villages when crops depleted soils, and ranged widely to fish, hunt, and gather all they needed, moving with the seasons. Most live on the riverfront that held the richest soils and the marshes contained wild foodstuffs that could be eaten in the lean months. It was an unfenced landscape with no domestic animals except dogs and they had no need for fences. Boys with bows and arrows would kill wildlife that ate the crops. Crops were mixed to grow corn, squash, and beans together in a method that preserved the land, kept soils moist and kept away pests. This all changed when the English ships arrived.

After settlement by the English they set off cataclysmic changes. They were an alien presence themselves and they brought animals, insects, and plants that would literally change the ground beneath the Indians feet. The English concept of a "civilized" landscape was one which ownership of the land was made clear by fencing and raising livestock. At first the domestic animals didn't do well, but soon the colonist lost control of them. The worse were the pigs. Smart, strong, and always hungry they ate nuts, fruits, shellfish, and corn, turning up the soil for edible roots. Among these was the tuckahoe that was a starchy tuber that the Indians ate when times were hard and their crops failed. The natives found themselves competing for food with packs of pigs. The livestock were destructive grazers and soils compactors.

But the largest impact was the honey bee. In early 1622 a ship arrived in Jamestown loaded with exotic things for the colonist to experiment with. Grapevines cuttings, silkworm eggs, and beehives. The bees quickly swarmed from their hives and set up shop throughout America. The colonist also carried another thing with them and that was a malaria causing parasite in their blood. Mosquitoes along the Chesapeake were infected by the colonist and spread the parasite to other humans. Black rats also came on the ships and ate Indian corn stores from Maine to Florida.

Finally, there was the tobacco. Once it proved to bring a profit is was planted over huge stretches of land that destroyed the soil. Before long the area looked more like England than it did before the ships arrived. The English didn't discover a new world, they created one and in the process destroyed the old world they had found.

What country sent Champlain to America to explore

France

Which of these was a negative result of the Columbian Exchange for the natives on the American continents

European diseases

What system allowed people free passage to the colonies in return for a promise to work

The Headright System!

Indentured Servitude

What did Sir Edwin Sandys hope for when he set up the headright system and indentured servitude in Jamestown

more money for the Virginia company---apex

According to his report what did the native people think about Columbus

They believed that he and his men were gods, sent from heaven.

What was a cultural change that occurred as a result of the Columbian Exchange

Europeans found new opportunities in America.

What was an effect of the headright system on Jamestown

The grants encouraged people to cross the ocean and relocate to the New World. In Jamestown in particular headright grants helped to address a labor shortage and increase the number of new colonists.

A headright is a legal grant of land to settlers. Headrights were given to the head of the household with an additional allotment for each member of their household that emigrated with them. Landowners could then receive another 50 acre allotment for every passage they paid for additional laborors to move to the colony.



Which European nation founded a settlement at Jamestown

England

How did the slave trade cause a power shift in Africa

By helping supply the Europeans with the slave trade, the rulers of certain African states were able to increase their power by acquiring more slaves for themselves.

The slave trade also transformed the existing states and societies in Africa. As states sought to expand at the expense of their neighbors, instability and warfare came about. The military became important. The slave trade became an extension of African politics. African governments in the enslaving societies became more centralized while the those who bore the brunt of the slaving attacks became anti authoritarian.

There was also a shift in the locus of power. Before the Europeans, the powerful African states were those that were in central Africa and could influence the trans-Saharan trade routes. Once the Europeans arrived, the power shifted to those states which were closer to the coast.

Which group lists things that were unknown to Europe prior to the Columbian Exchange

Tomatoes, Potatoes, Turkeys -Apex

How did the introduction of animals in the Columbian Exchange affect many Native American cultures

Keeping livestock allowed many hunters to do other things.

What was a way for a poor person in Europe to have a chance at a better life

being an indentured servant

An effect of the Columbian Exchange on both Africa and Europe was

that improved diets from new food sources.
That it improved diets from new food sources

What is true about indentured servants in Jamestown

They had few rights under their contract.

What was A difficulty in understanding the Columbian exchange is that

Things once unknown now seem like they have always been a part of many cultures.

According to Columbus when the natives saw Columbus and his men what did they do

they became fearful and ran away

What is a positive result of the columbian exchange in Europe

the introduction of potatoes

In the Columbian Exchange diseases such as smallpox resulted in

Before Columbus, the parasites that cause malaria were rampant in Eurasia and Africa but unknown in the Americas. Transported in the bodies of sailors, malaria may have crossed the ocean as early as Columbus's second voyage. Yellow fever, malaria's frequent companion, soon followed. The New World was the loss of 90 percent of the native population due to diseases that they never had seen before. There had been about 80 million and only around 720,000 were left. The land appeared to be empty.

From the Old World to the New:

The deadly smallpox, malaria, yellow fever, gonorrhea, chlamydia, common cold, measles, influenza, chickenpox all were mostly fatal as the natives had no natural immunity to these.

Sir Edwin Sandys' plan for getting more labor to Jamestown included attracting women to the colony promoting indentured servitude and

Answer this q Sir Edwin Sandys' plan for getting more labor to Jamestown included attracting women to the colony, promoting indentured servitude, and:

uestion…

Many early Jamestown settlers aimed to get rich quick by

They were sent to find gold. Little did they know the geology of the area did not support gold.

Once people started raising sugar as a cash crop in the New World an important result was that

Slave labor was needed.

Which of these was a result of the Columbian Exchange

Which of these was a result of the Colombian Exchange

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