The answers from the show were:
1. Gets Shot
2. Runs Out Of Bullets
4. Gun Jams
5. Drops His Gun
Some that might have been tried are:
Severe overgrazing, the extensive use of barbed wire, the expansion of the railroad and the real nail in the coffin: the Great Winter of 1885-86 where thousands and thousands of cattle perished from cold and hunger.
they faced alot of snakes and alot of them died
Wild animals were one cause of death for pioneer women, but the main causes of death for them were childbirth and fires. Taking care of the family (raising the kids, working in the garden, cooking, sewing) was their job, and it had its hardships.
In the American west.
To answer this requires a bit of an educated guess really, as the question is a little ill-informed. Firstly Las Vegas, Nevada didn't exist in 1880, it wasn't established until 1905 when the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad auctioned off 110 acres of land in what is now downtown Vegas. Secondly, I'm assuming that the 'lawman' in question is James Butler 'Wild Bill' Hickock. Wild Bill had served some time as lawman in Dodge City, Kansas but was no longer a lawman at the time of his death. He was killed, not in Vegas but in Nuttall & Mann's No.10 Saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory by Jack McCall and the year was 1876, not 1880. The reason I guess this is the incident to which you refer is because Wild Bill is famous for holding a poker hand of a pair of black aces and a pair of black 8's (the fifth card's identity is either unknown or had not been dealt at the time), this hand has been known ever since as the 'Dead Man's Hand.
Settlers expanded west to increase size of the country and to let more people immigrate to The United States.
ANS 2 - The majority of the settlers moved west to get their own farmlands
Traveling by wagon took weeks or even months. Traveling by train took days.
They had to possess extreme confidence and mastery skills, because it was not easy to be a cowboy. Cowboys in the 19th century, and even today, had to be jacks of all trades. The skills required are far too numerous to list, but here are some examples. Cowboys needed to have basic woodworking skills in order to mend fences, buckboards and wagon wheels. They had to be able to work in extreme weather, hot and cold. They needed a basic knowledge of animal husbandry to care for their animals. The ability to treat minor, and sometimes not so minor, injuries was also an invaluable skill due to the paucity of doctors. A good memory was needed in order to travel and locate animals, navigating by landmarks, verbal instructions and hastily sketched maps. The work requires a high level of physical fitness. Contrary to popular belief, marksmanship skills were neither important nor widely held. Firearms are heavy, especially when traveling with most of your worldly possessions on a horse. Revolvers were most commonly used against varmints which, often as not, were as likely to run from the sound as be hit. Probably the most important of all cowboy skills was the ability to improvise and adapt. There was no written job description for cowboys, only ever-changing conditions and tasks.
Most learned the hard way, through trial and error, but others had mentors that taught them how to know the behaviour of cattle and how to raise and herd them.
William H. Bonney was a robber and murderer of the American Wild West. He lived from 1859 to 1881. He was known as "Billy the Kid".
It's either looped or roped. When you hear the sentence, "the cowboy roped (or looped) the steer" it means that the cowboy grabbed or caught that steer with his rope. Lassoed is another term, but you don't hear that very often among real cowpokes.
The Cattle Kingdom refers to the open-range cattle industry that stretched from Texas into Montana as well as far north as Canada lasting from the early 1870s to the late 1880s.
NO they didn't they used cow boots.
the Chisholm trail
Bass Reeves was the most important lawman in the Indian Territory and one of the greatest frontier heroes in our country's history. The research on his life is ongoing and is believed we will learn even more in the future about his outstanding dedication and commitment to duty. Hopefully the location where he was buried in Muskogee, Oklahoma will be found. Below are four articles from the two major newspapers in Muskogee, early in the century. They are the Muskogee Phoenix and the Muskogee Times Democrat. The articles discuss Reeves career during his sickness and after his death. The articles were written after statehood when bias and prejudice against African Americans was very strong, some of the comments reflect that mindset. But still it is very impressive testimonials from two white newspapers of the era: ---- Bass Reeves, a deputy United States marshal in old Indian Territory for over thirty years, is very ill at his home in the Fourth ward and is not expected to live. Reeves was a deputy under Leo Bennett in the last years of the federal regime in Oklahoma, and also served in the old days of Judge Parker at Fort Smith. In the early days when the Indian country was overriden with outlaws, Reeves was sent to go through the Indian country and gather up criminals which were tried at Fort Smith. These trips lasted sometimes for months and Reeves would herd into Fort Smith often single handed, bands of men charged with crimes from bootlegging to murder. He was paid fees in those days which some times amounted to thousands of dollars for a single trip. For a time Reeves made a great deal of money and was said to be worth considerable. He then shot a man whom he was trying to arrest and was tried for murder. The fight for life in the courts was a bitter one, but finally Reeves was acquitted on the testimony of a young negro girl. He was freed, but not until most of his money was gone. The veteran negro deputy never quailed in facing any man. Chief Ledbetter says of the old man that he is one of the bravest men this country has ever known. He was honest and fearless, and a terror to the bootleggers. He was as polite as an old-time slave to the white people and most loyal to his superiors. His son shot and killed his own wife and Reeves, enforcing the law arrested his own son. The young negro was sent to the penitentiary. While the old man is slowly sinking, Bud Ledbetter, who for years was in the government service with Reeves is caring for the old man the best he can and is a daily visitor at the Reeves home. Police Judge Walrond, who was United States district attorney while Reeves was an officer, also calls on the old negro. "While Reeves could neither read nor write," said Judge Walrond today, "he had a faculty of telling what warrants to serve on any one and never made a mistake. Reeves carried a batch of warrants in his pocket and when his superior officers asked him to produce it the old man would run through them and never fail to pick out the one desired. Since statehood, Reeves was given a place on the police force, but became ill and unable to work. For the past year he has been growing weaker, and has but little time to spend in this world. He is nearly seventy years old. ---- Bass Reeves, colored, for 32 years a deputy United States marshal in Indian Territory, who served under the famous Judge Parker at Fort Smith and later at Muskogee, a man credited with fourteen notches on his gun and a terror to outlaws and desperadoes in the old days, died at his home at 816 North Howard Street late yesterday afternoon at the age of 72. Death was caused by Bright's disease and complications. Information found at: http://www.coax.net/people/lwf/BASS_LEG.HTM
Cattle drives soon ended in the late 1800's to the early 1900's because of fierce winter storms, barbed wire, drought, overgrazing, and the near extinction of the population of Longhorns originating from Spain and developed in the wilds of southwestern America.
Corporate structure and frenzied investment/speculation, insufficent grass to support long drives, ranges were shrunk by railroads, severe weather in 1885-1887
The cattle frontier ended because barbed wire was invented, which replaced the need for cowboys. Weather also influenced the downfall, as blizzards trapped herds and droughts caused fire. These disasters destroyed land, and many animals were lost.
The short answer is that they found the need to eat to survive. They were starving to death.
Having left too late in the season to travel west, and having encountered blizzards as they attempted to cross the Sierra Nevada mountains, they became trapped in Fremont Pass (no called Donner Pass). As their food supply dwindled, and their last remaining oxen and horse died and were consumed, no food remained, so the surviving party members began to consume parts of those who had died earlier due to sickness and injury.
There were actually numerous reports of parties who resorted to cannibalism as they crossed the oceans and continents. The story of the Donner party remains one of the most well known due to early books that were written, and the sad comedy of errors that led up to the horror the members of the Donner party experienced.
The Donnor Party happened during a very important part of American History. It was the journey west to expand the countries boundries, and explore new land. The Donnor Party was doing something that has been an obsession of human kind as long as we have existed. We want to discover and explore as far as possible. The reason they stand out from other pioneers' is because the cannibalism that occured during their entrapment in the Sierra Nevada's. But that is just the faucet to the story. The story of canabalism pulls people in, but they real story of how many people suffered and fought for their lives against mother nature is what keep the story present in our history. The Donnor Party is an interesting study because so many factors caused the story to unfold and events to occur. There is also a mistery about what actually happened, and they unknown is very appealing to human kind.
They've gone to...
Home, home on the range,
Where the deer and the antelope play!
Where the prairie winds blow, and the cattle shall roam,**
And where the skies are not cloudy all day.
**A little different, made-up verse from the Traditional Cowboy Song (link below).
The term was sod buster and it means farmer. Side buster is a more current urban term for busy body.
Horsemanship, handling and working cattle, spotting cattle that are sick, ability to work in all conditions, from the cold and rainy to the hot and sunny, etc.
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