Carthage (Phoenician city)

Carthage was originally a dependency of the Phoenician state of Tyre, but gained independence around 650 BC. It was based in what is now Tunisia, but established an empire throughout the Mediterranean. At the height of the city's prominence, it was a major hub of trade with political influence extending over most of the western Mediterranean, challenging the Ancient Greek City States and the Roman Republic for power.

1,498 Questions
Carthage (Phoenician city)

What was Carthage famous for?

great city of trade and strong force

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Near what present-day capital was the ancient city of Carthage located?

Tunis.
Carthage is located approximately 15km north of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia. Tunis

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Is Carthage in Egypt?

No, Carthage or what once was Carthage, is in the present day country of Tunisia.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Why did the Romans destroy Carthage?

After three wars spanning 120 years, over control of the Western Mediterranean, Rome went for the 'final solution' to eliminate its resilient competitor for control of the Western Mediterranean - selling its people into slavery and establishing a colony on the site to settle its retired military veterans.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Why did Rome and Carthage fight?

Rome and Carthage fought each other three times in three Punic Wars. The causes of each war were different.

The First Punic War was precipitated by the Mamertines, southern Italian mercenaries who had seized the city of Messana, on Sicily's east coast and had been attacked by the Greek city of Syracuse, (also on the east coast) the most powerful city in the island. The Mamertines asked both Carthage (which had five ports on the western coast) and Rome for help. Carthage helped first, but established a garrison in the city. The Mamertines were not happy with this and asked Rome for help again. The Roman senate was reluctant to get involved., but the popular assembly voted for war. Rome evicted the Carthaginian garrison in Messana and besieged Syracuse, which became Rome's ally. At this point Carthage mobilised for war. Ancient historian Polybius said that there were concerns in Rome that Carthage's presence in Messana might lead to a clash with Syracuse. If Carthage defeated Syracuse she would take over the whole of Sicily. The Carthaginians, in their turn, were concerned about Rome's alliance with Syracuse.

Regarding the Second Punic War, Polybius said that Hannibal wanted this war in revenge for Rome fraudulently seizing Corsica and Sardinia from Carthage by taking advantage of a military rebellion in Carthage after the first war. Cities on the northern part of the coast of Spain allied with Rome for protection because they felt threatened by Carthaginian expansion along that coast. Rome negotiated a treaty that set the river Ebro as the boundary between the two areas. Hannibal broke the treaty by seizing a city just north of this river. Rome tried to negotiate, but these failed. Rome was forced to declare war. Hannibal had already made preparations for a military expedition to Italy and set off very quickly. Hannibal's provocation and the speed of his mobilisation indicate that he did want war.

In the Third Punic War Rome wanted to destroy Carthage because the latter had recovered in economic prosperity and because she raised an army to defend herself from territorial encroachments by her Numidian neighbours. Under the term of the peace treaty Carthage was not allowed to raise an army without Rome's permission. The war faction in Rome used this to push for a declaration of war. This faction did not want an economically and possibly militarily resurgent Carthage and wanted to eliminate this foe.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

When was Carthage captured?

Carthage was taken and destroyed at the end of the Third Punic War, in March or April 146 BC by the Romans. The Romans razed the city to the ground and burned what remained. A Roman colony was eventually founded on the site and grew to be the third city of the Empire in the second century AD.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What modern-day city is located where Carthage once stood?

we dont exactly know

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What happened as a result of the wars with Carthage?

As a result of the wars with Carthage, Rome gained mastery of the western Mediterranean area and, in punishing Macedonia for siding with Carthage, drew itself into the east where it became mor and more embroiled until it finally came dominate the whole Mediterranean and Middle East.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Carthage is located in which continent?

Carthage is located in nourth America, A typo here. Carthage is located in north Africa.

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Mythology
Carthage (Phoenician city)

Was Dido Phoenician or Hebrew?

The story of Dido of Carthage is at best a legend perpetuated from Phoenician and Roman folklore.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Who was the carthaginian general that almost defeated Rome?

Hannibal Barca.

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Ancient Rome
Punic Wars
Carthage (Phoenician city)

Why were the Punic Wars important for Rome?

Rome's victories in the Punic Wars against Carthage were important for several reasons. A short list of the value of its successes are:* Carthage was removed as any possible threat to the security of Rome. Carthage was literally destroyed;

* Spain and areas in North Africa were then "occupied" by Rome. Spain was rich in precesses

metals, iron ore and timber;

* Based on its conflict with Carthage, Rome's war fleet was a power to be reckoned with;

* Rome's capacity to rebound from terrible defeats at the hands of Hannibal were clearly enforced. This included the historical defeat of Rome at the Battle of Cannae;

* All of Rome's allies and satellite cities remained in Rome's sphere of influence; and

* Historians cite the demise of Carthage and the rise of the Roman Republic to empire status as the linchpin for further expansion. Rome now controlled the vast expanse of the western Mediterranean Sea.


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Carthage (Phoenician city)

How did Rome gradually defeat the Carthaginians?

Rome carried out three wars over 120 years, defeating Carthage in each one.

The first they learnt to match Carthaginian sea-supremacy.

After the second they imposed a crippling 50-year financial indemnity to restrich its ability to have and effective force as Carthage relied on mercenary soldiers.

Carthaginians were such good traders they had the indemnity covered withinin ten years, raising fears in Rome, which used its North African allies to harras the city.

Eventually war broke out again, and Rome decided to end the problem by destroying the city and selling its people into slavery.
Tea

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Where in the city of Carthage located?

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

The city of Carthage was/is located in present day Tunisia.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

When did the Romans destroy Carthage?

The Romans destroyed Carthage in 146 BC.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What island in the Mediterranean Sea did Rome gain from Carthage?

Sicily .

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Ancient History
Ancient Rome
Punic Wars
Carthage (Phoenician city)

What were the results of the wars between Rome and Carthage?

Rome defeated Carthage after three wars and to terminate it, sold its people into slavery and established a colony of retired Roman soldiers on the site. It became dominant in the Western Mediterranean.

Rome had also turned on Macedonia to punish it for assisting Carthage in the second war, so beginning its expansion into Eastern Europe.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

If you left Carthage by sea and traveled east which port would you first pass?

Malta.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Why was Rome's victory over Carthage in the Punic Was so important?

The Carthaginian defeat left Rome as the strongest power in the western Mediterranean . Rome could then go on and pursue it's commercial interests and it's policy of expansion .

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Rome thought 3 wars with Carthage a city-state in northern Africa which present day country did Carthage once stand?

Ancient Carthage once stood in the present day country of Tunisia.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What territory did Carthage control in 264 BC?

The Italian Peninsula.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What was the series of wars between Carthage and Rome called?

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

The three wars between Rome and Carthage were called the Punic wars.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What group migrated to Carthage then across the Mediterranean Sea to Rome?

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

In the Aeneid, a group of refugee Trojans, led by Aeneas, migrated to Carthage and then crossed over to eventually found Rome.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

What peoples founded the city of Carthage circa 800 BCE?

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

Carthage was founded by Phoenician traders.

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Carthage (Phoenician city)

Who was a Carthaginian general who defeated rome?

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who defeated Rome, but only briefly.

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