Charlemagne

Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was born in 742 and died in 814. He became King of the Franks (French) in 768, King of Italy in 774, the first Holy Roman Emperor and the first Emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Charlemagne was the leader of many historical and victorious battles which united much of Europe.

1,935 Questions
Charlemagne

How was the empire of Charlemagne split?

The custom among the Franks was not that the eldest son became king of all, but that the kingdom was divided among heirs. When Charlemagne became king, he was a co-ruler with his brother Carloman, who died after only a couple years leaving Charlemagne able to rule alone.

The problem with this was that when brothers inherited the throne they nearly always fought over which got what territory. And this was the case with the children of Louis the Pious, who was a son of Charlemagne, and who became emperor, and who was the only legitimate son to survive Charlemagne. There sons of Louis the Pious, named Lothair, Louis, Pepin, and Charles, and they fought a long series of wars with each other, starting long before their father died. Eventually, the empire was divided permanently at the Treaty of Verdun in 843, and became the Kingdom of France, and the empire that came to be known as the Holy Roman Empire.

This is a highly simplistic version of what happened. There is a link below to an article on the Carolingian Empire, which gives more details.

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What are some fast facts about Charlemagne?

Charlemagne was King of the Franks from 768-814. His father was Pepin the Short, his mother was Bertrada of Laon. He grew the Frankish empire until it included most of Western and Central Europe. He is thought of as the "father of Europe" because he founded the French and German monarchies. He died on January 28th, 814.

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What is the basic story of the Song of Roland?

The following is the plot of the Song of Roland from Wikipedia:

"Charlemagne's army is fighting the Muslims inSpain. The last city standing is Saragossa, held by the Muslim king Marsilla. Threatened by the might of Charlemagne's army of Franks, Marsilla sends out messengers to Charlemagne, promising treasure and Marsilla's conversion to Christianity if the Franks will go back to France. Charlemagne and his men, tired of fighting, accept his peace offer and select a messenger to Marsilla's court. Protagonist Roland nominates his stepfather Ganelon as messenger. Ganelon, who fears to be murdered by the enemy and accuses Roland of intending this, takes revenge by informing the Saracens of a way to ambush the rear guard of Charlemagne's army, led by Roland, as the Franks re-enter Spain through the mountain passes.

As Ganelon predicted, Roland leads the rear guard, with the wise and moderate Oliver and the fierce Archbishop Turpin. The Muslims ambush them at Roncesvalles, and the Christians are overwhelmed. Oliver asks Roland to blow his olifant to call for help from the Frankish army; but Roland proudly refuses to do so. The Franks fight well, but are outnumbered, until almost all Roland's men are dead and he knows that Charlemagne's army can no longer save them. Despite this, he blows his olifant to summon revenge, until his temples burst and he dies a martyr's death. Angels take his soul to Paradise.

When Charlemagne and his men reach the battlefield, they find the dead bodies of Roland's men, and pursue the Muslims into the river Ebro, where they drown. Meanwhile Baligant, the powerful emir of Babylon, has arrived in Spain to help Marsilla, and his army encounters that of Charlemagne at Roncesvalles, where the Christians are burying and mourning their dead. Both sides fight valiantly; but when Charlemagne kills Baligant, the Muslim army scatters and flees, and the Franks conquer Saragossa. With Marsilla's wife Bramimonde, Charlemagne and his men ride back to Aix, their capital in France.

The Franks discover Ganelon's betrayal and keep him in chains until his trial, where Ganelon argues that his action was legitimate revenge, not treason. While the council of barons assembled to decide the traitor's fate is initially swayed by this claim, one man, Thierry, argues that, because Roland was serving Charlemagne when Ganelon delivered his revenge on him, Ganelon's action constitutes a betrayal. Ganelon's friend Pinabel challenges Thierry to trial by combat, in which, by divine intervention, Thierry kills Pinabel. The Franks are convinced by this of Ganelon's villainy; wherefore he is torn apart by galloping horses and thirty of his relatives are hanged."

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Charlemagne

The empire of Charlemagne was divided by the?

Treaty of Verdun

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Charlemagne

What is the birthday of Charlemagne?

Blessed Charlemagne was born on April 2, 742, Aix-la-Chapelle (in modern Germany)

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Charlemagne

Was Charlemagne assassinated?

He wasn't assassinated, he was sick with pleurisy for about a week and then died on Jan 28, 814 AD.

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Charlemagne

Was Charlemagne brutal?

Yes, Charlemagne was very brutal. He once beheaded 4,000 Saxons in one day!

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Charlemagne

What were Charlemagne's three sons names?

emperor Louis I "the pious" of roman empire

king pepin of Italy

Aupais

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Charlemagne

Who was Charlemagne and why is he important?

Charlemagne is believed to have been born about the year 742. He became King of the Franks in 768, and Emperor of the Carolingian Empire in 800. He died in 814.

He was the son of King Pepin the Short. When he became King of the Franks, his country already occupied nearly all of modern France, all of Belgium and the Netherlands, most of Switzerland, and large areas of Germany. To this he added Saxony, Bavaria, large parts of Austria, the Kingdom of Lombardy, which was all of northern Italy, and an area of Spain called the Spanish March, which was the area of Spain in the Pyrenees along the French border. His country was the largest in the history of Western Europe after the fall of the West Roman Empire.

On December 25, 800, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Romans by pope Leo III. Charlemagne claimed to have been surprised by this, and in some respects the event is a mystery. We know it happened, but we do not really know why or what exactly was intended. The Empire of the Romans still existed as what we call the Byzantine Empire. Pope Leo may have intended to revive the West Roman Empire, but there are many suggestions as to his real purpose. Today, Charlemagne's empire is called the Carolingian Empire, to distinguish it from the ancient Roman Empire, the medieval Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire), and the Holy Roman Empire (Germany). Charlemagne's empire is ancestral to the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire.

Charlemagne revived learning in Western Europe by inviting scholars to his court, seeing that his nobles and children were educated, including both his sons and his daughters. He opened schools and had a stated intention of having all freemen of his empire become literate, a practice which was already in place in the Byzantine Empire. His scholars were all to write in a unified dialect of medieval Latin, which was important because prior to this the Latin dialects had diverged to the point of mutual incomprehensibility.

Charlemagne codified laws, and fostered scholarship by theologians. He protected the Church, and especially the popes. He made large numbers of his conquered enemies convert from paganism to Christianity. He fostered the arts and architecture. He stabilized currency, and established an old Roman system based on the denarius, a silver coin about the size of a US dime or a UK five pence; in this system, twelve denarii (pence) made a solidus (shilling), and twenty solidi made a pound. The system was widely used in Europe, and remained in the UK until recently.

Charlemagne was a member of what is called the Carolingian dynasty of Frankish kings and emperors. His reign was a defining time in what is called the Carolingian Renaissance. He has been considered by many people an ideal ruler, and a model for other rulers.

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Who was Charlemagne?

Actually Charlemagne was a very powerful frankish King. Charlemagne added to his land and gained more and more power. He helped bring Europe out of the Dark Ages. By the time of his death, Charlemagne ruled most of Western Europe.

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What was the name of the empire that founded Charlemagne?

The Holy Roman Empire

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Example Sentences
Charlemagne

What is the importance of feudalism?

The term Feudalism is used two different ways.

The first some people would equate it with the manorial system. This is a system in which lords of manors own estates and serfs live on the estates, work the land, and provide some of their crops, or the cash value of the part, to the lords. In exchange they get a place to live, fields to farm, and protection. The system is good for people who live in times when there are raids and invasions, and when the small farmers will be destroyed unless they have someone who can protect them.

The other way people regard feudalism is as a system of government in which a weak central government delegates authority through a chain of command, called the feudal pyramid, in which each lord has a relationship with the lord above him that is rather like the relationship between the serf and his lord. The land a lord gets to use is his in exchange for oaths of support and allegiance. The vassal, by analogy like a serf, uses the income from his land to equip himself and his followers so they can fight wars for his liege lord. This also is a system that is good in times of anarchy, invasion, and raids.

Feudalism provided for people in times of need. Ultimately, the world outgrew it as times became more settled.

There are links below to articles on feudalism and manorialism.

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Charlemagne

Why is Charlemagne known as the father to Europe?

Charlemagne united most of Western and Central Europe under the Carolingian Empire, which was the first new empire in Europe after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.

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Charlemagne believed in what?

Charlemagne was a Roman Catholic Christian. His ancestor Clovis the Frank was the first frankish ruler to convert to Catholic Christianity which steered the course of his nation and their descendants to be a catholic nation. Charlemagne himself was also very religious and allied with the Catholic Church to create the Holy Roman Empire

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When did Charlemagne's empire begin?

Charlemagne's Empire was created legally when Pope Leo III crowned him Emperor of the Romans on December 25, 800. The Empire included the Kingdom of the Franks, which he inherited, together with large amounts of territory he conquered and annexed to that kingdom, and the Kingdom of the Lombards, which he also conquered but maintained as a separate kingdom.

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What year did Charlemagne become a king?

Charlemagne was crowned King in 768. He became sole ruler of the Franks in 771. He became Holy Roman Emperor in 800.

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How did Charlemagne bring order to France?

732

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Charlemagne

Where was it the king Charlemagne lived?

Charlemagne lived in the Kingdom of the Franks, of which he became king. In 800, he was crowned as Emperor of the Roman People, which was a title that had very little to do with the Roman Empire aside from the name. His empire is now called the Carolingian Empire; it divided some years after he died into the Kingdom of France and what came to be called the Holy Roman Empire, or Germany. Charlemagne's Empire was the largest in Western Europe since the fall of the Roman Empire.

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What are Charlemagne's contributions?

he was the first christian king and brough the christian religion to the kingdom my teacher said.

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Charlemagne

What were Charlemagne's greatest accomplishments?

He established many schools and monasteries across Europe. He also brought the rebirth of learning and the arts.

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What were Charlemagne's two goals?

Charlemagne's two main goals were to spread Christianity & to rule the roman empire (:

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Charlemagne

What was the relationship between Charlemagne and the catholic church?

He conducted his wars like "holy wars" and he gave defeated people the choice of death or public profession of Romanism. For this he was called "leager of Christian people". On Christmans day in 800AD the pope placed a crown of gold on his head and proclaimed him Chrales Augustus Emperor of the Romans.

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How did the accomplishments of Charlemagne help his society?

It unified his country. Sadly, when he died his three sons fought for power and divided his empire into thirds.

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Business & Finance
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Charlemagne

What are some advantages and disadvantages of cooperatives changing to a cooperation what would be the major reason to do so?

Advantages
  • Act as 'schools of democracy' due to their democratic member control.
  • Inclusive and open membership.
  • Facilitate upskilling and capacity building due to their principle of 'education, training and information'.
  • Lower economic vulnerability due to risk pooling.
  • Greater generation of ideas and debate due to existence of multiple owners.
  • Allow for greater input into policy dialogues due to their tendency to federate into larger bodies at national and international levels.
  • Collective action can open up national and international markets, as seen with many examples in the Fairtrade market.
  • Lower input and distribution costs due to greater economies of scale.
Disadvantages
  • possibility of conflict between members;
  • longer decision-making process;
  • participation of members required for success;
  • extensive record keeping necessary;
  • less incentive to invest additional capital
· Disadvantages of workers' co-operatives
  • Meeting both co-operative aims and business needs requires complex management.
  • They can limit your choice of external finance.
  • Employment benefits often can't match those offered by other business types.
  • Workers' co-operatives can enjoy tax incentives, such as employee share schemes, but most small co-operatives find these too costly to run.
Disadvantages
  • possibility of conflict between members;
  • longer decision-making process;
  • participation of members required for success;
  • extensive record keeping necessary;
  • less incentive to invest additional capital
· Disadvantages of workers' co-operatives
  • Meeting both co-operative aims and business needs requires complex management.
  • They can limit your choice of external finance.
  • Employment benefits often can't match those offered by other business types.
  • Workers' co-operatives can enjoy tax incentives, such as employee share schemes, but most small co-operatives find these too costly to run.
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Charlemagne

What was the function of the missi dominici in Charlemagne's empire?

The missi dominici were the representatives of the king in parts of the kingdom to distant from the capital for him to visit often.

There is a link to an article on the missi dominicus below.

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