History of Japan

The history of Japan refers to the recorded events of the island of Japan and the Japanese people, beginning from their ancient history to the sovereignty of the country.

6,321 Questions
World War 2
Japan in WW2
History of Japan

Why wasn't Hirohito executed as a war crime in world war 2?

By getting to keep their Emperor was the one condition the Japanese insisted on before they would surrender. The Japanese believed he was a living god, but he had to admit to the Japanese people that he was not divine, not a god. He spoke to the Japanese people in a radio address at that time, and it was the first time the people had ever heard his voice.

The US and the British had made a big deal out of insisting on "unconditional surrender" of the Axis powers, because Roosevelt had shot off his mouth to reporters at the Casablanca Conference saying that this was the policy they had agreed on. This was a mistake. It allowed the Germans to make propaganda saying the Allies were out for the complete destruction of Germany, therefore we have no choice but to fight on to the bitter end.

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History of Japan
History of China
History of India
Acupuncture

Where is acupuncture widely practiced?

Acupuncture originated from China, and is the primary method of treatment under Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). From ancient times and even to this day, acupuncture is used as a primary means treatment in China along with other more modern treatments.

In the United States and Europe, acupuncture is viewed as a type of alternative medicine (albeit one of the more popular ones), but in Asia it's use and popularity is much more mainstream.

China is not the only country where acupuncture is popular/widely practiced however. Acupuncture goes back thousands of years to areas that are now Taiwan, Korea, Vietnam and Mongolia. The Japanese have also developed their own style of acupuncture, most notably involving moxibustion and the non-invasive Shiatsu form of acupressure.

Today, acupuncture is widely practiced throughout most of the world, with over 20,000 licensed acupuncturists in the United States alone. Various types of certifications and training programs are available in the U.S. and other parts of the world, along with of course one-on-one classes and in-depth apprenticeships offered in China and elsewhere in Asia.

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Tattoos and Body Art
Care of Mice and Rats
History of Japan

What does a Japanese rat tattoo symbolize?

the rat is a sign off gud luck to the japanise

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History of Asia
History of Japan
Samurai

Is there a samurai village left in japan?

yea actually yesterday I saw a video about a village full of Samurai descendants and they had 400 year old armor and every thing and they mounted horse in their armor

But they have no official recognition by the Japanese government, which the TRUE samurai had.

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History of Japan
Performing Arts
Opera

What is The Mikado opera about?

It satires politics and institutions [actually aimed at the British] by disguising them as Japanese. The main themes being death and cruelty but treated them trivial even light-hearted issues. Just to show that political correctness is not confined to today - the British government banned performances of The Mikado from London for six weeks when Prince Fushimi Sadanaru made a state visit in 1907 fearing that he would be offended. However he complained because he had wanted to see the Mikado just like Prince Komatsu Akihito had when he had been in London.

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History of Japan
Tokyo

What was Japan's capital city in 784?

Nagaoka was the capital of Japan in 784. Ten years late it was moved to Heian, what is today Kyoto, where it remained until 1868.

The Imperial Court resided in Kyoto but after the rise of the shogun there was another capital with effective control. Heian was the effective capital and was moved to Kamakura and then Edo (Tokyo), with the last two being the shogun's capital.

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History of Japan
Names and Name Meanings

What does the name Ainu mean?

Ainu is the term used for the native Japanese inhabitants now only living in Northern Hokkaido

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History, Politics & Society
History of Japan
Famous People
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

When did Tokugawa Ieyasu die?

Tokugawa Ieyasu died on June 1, 1616 at the age of 73.

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History of Japan
Marco Polo
Decade - 1960s

What is Marco polos homeland?

Marco polos homeland was Germany

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Japan in WW2
History of Japan
Japanese Language and Culture

Does racial inequality exist in Japan?

It depends. Some Japanese are light, others are tan. In many Asian cultures, pale is considered more beautiful or attractive. Other than that, the Japanese are, for the most part, very racist. They tend to prefer to not get involved with non-Japanese.

There are many laws in Japan that favor Japanese people over 'Non-Japanese" - even if the NJ has a Japanese passport. As of this writing (Jan. 4, 2010) there are;

No mixed race and no non-ethnic Japanese police, soldiers, and other government workers.

Japan puts restrictions on things that people in most of the world are shocked to learn about.

1) The annual "eki-den" race in Tokyo. Foreign students are banned from participation - the exchange students from Africa won too much in the past, so the solution was not for the natives to work harder - just lock out the foreigners...

2) Waseda University - one of the largest in Japan. It accepts exchange students - but it does not allow foreign students to join the Japanese students in regular classes...it has classes for foreigners (in English) taught mostly by Japanese teachers, and Japanese students can sit in on these classes - so the only way to mix with the natives is to do it in English... VERY different than any U.S. school.

3) Jobs, housing, etc. the rules for NJ are very different than the rules for Japanese people...

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Japan in WW2
History of Japan
Samurai

What is hari kari?

Hari kari, also known as sepuku, is an ancient form of ritual suicide that defeated samurai, or those whose shame was 'too unbearable' would use to restore their honor in death. In sepuku, one would take a wakizashi (short sword) and dissembowel oneself. The less noise you made while doing this, the braver you were and therefore the more honorable, however this did not last long as not long after you had begun, a close friend, comrade, or enemy would put you out of your misery by cleaving your head from your shoulders in one swift blow of the katana (another Japanese sword). Even though in modern times the prospect of decapitating one of your friends or relatives sounds completely against normal 'friendly' behavior, being asked to asist your friend or enemies' escape from shame was considered a great honor, as was using this as a tool to escape. This is why the in the imperialistic wars that followed japan's modernisation post Admiral Perry's opening of it in 1853 to the west, the Japanese had no concept of the POW, as they believed that a combatant should either fight to the last breath, or if captured, die 'honorably' in ritual suicide, known as hari kari or sepuku. A good example of this ritual can be found in Tom Cruise's movie "the last samurai"

Note: The act of performing as one's second is known as kaishaku. Often times it would be performed with the katana of the Samurai commiting Hara kiri. It was considered disrespectful for the head to come completely off and thus a small connecting flap of skin was usually left. This is very difficult to do and was generally viewed as a bad omen should it not be performed correctly.

Answer

The actual word is "hara kiri", Japanese for "stomach" and "cut" respectively. "Seppuku" is the Onyomi (Chinese origin) pronunciation of the same, but with the Chinese characters reversed ("Cut Stomach"). The most horrifyingly graphic description I read of this process was in James Clavell's "Shogun". Apparently two slices to one's own abdomen with one's sword, that which is within shall fall out into one's lap, and soon after one's head is sliced off by one's friend in order to end one's suffering. Sound's like a rough way to go...

Hara-kiri (often misheard and mis-spelt) is the Japanese term for ritual suicide and literally means "stomach cutting".

When you cut your stomach. :)

Ritualistic suicide practiced by Japanese Samurai by sitting on your own sword.

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History of Russia
History of Japan

What was unique about the Russo-Japanese War?

Some unique things about the Russo-Japanese War were:1. Only decisive battleship fleet action ever fought.

2. Laid the foundation for the construction of HMS Dreadnought; which launched a new naval arm's race world wide.

3. Removed Russia from the naval arm's race in Europe.

4. Put Japan in the naval power category.

5. Established precedence for the future trench warfare in Europe for WWI.

6. First major war using machine guns.

7. Since Ghengis Khan, the first Asian nation defeated a European one.

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History of Japan
Birds of Prey
Owls

Whats does an owl symbolize?

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History of Japan
English to Japanese
Samurai

What is the name of the Japanese samurai hairstyle?

chommage

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Japan in WW2
History of Japan
Japanese Language and Culture

What type of government does Japan have?

Japan's government is a democratic parliamentary government, with a constitutional monarchy as the head of state. Japan's Imperial role is essentially only as a figurehead now, and the Emperor has no defined governmental power. He remains the ceremonial head of state, and presides over ceremonies and represents his nation internationally at public functions that do not require a political presence. The head of government, the Prime Minister, holds real power.

Japan is a constitutional monarchy where the power of the emperor is very limited.

It's basic form is based on the British parliamentary model. This means that it has a cabinet of ministers lead by the Prime Minister as well as a bicameral parliament called the Diet and, unlike Great Britain at the time, a linear hierarchical judicial system with a Supreme Court. This government was established by the 1947 Constitution.
Its a combination of Parliamentary Democracy and constitutional monarchy; they have an emperor and a prime minister
Japan has a dictatorship, meaning like Germany w/ Hitler in WW1
Japans government is Constitutional Monarchy
I have no idea whatsoever but question yourself if this isn't for a school project why'd you look it up yeah think about that for a while see now you realize you sir have no life!

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Japan in WW2
History of Japan
Ancient Egypt

What is the name of Ancient Sumer's capital?

the capital is either Kish or Eridu

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History of Japan
Martial Arts

How long is a wakizashi?

between twelve and twenty four inches long depending on personal preference the average length was eighteen inches.

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History of Japan

How do you pronounce katana?

"Kah-tah-nah."

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Clothing
History of Japan
Martial Arts
Ninjas

What does Strictly for My Ninjas mean?

My crew, My Bros.

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Tattoos and Body Art
History of Japan
Symbolism and Symbolic Meanings

What do dragon tattoos symbolize?

For the most part dragons have always been signs of protection and also of wisdom. Despite this, it may mean something different for someone else, or it could just be that the person likes dragons.

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History of Japan
Decade - 1950s
Decade - 1940s

What was Japan's economic situation after World War 2?

Well, Japan's economic experiences could have been better. They were at the low of their lows. But after the war, the U.S. helped rebuild everything, Japan became one of the most economic empires of the world. After this great devistation, Japan was changed and soon became one of the wealthiest country's there is.

At the end of World War II, Japan's economy was in ruins. The major urban and industrial areas had been almost completely destroyed by the U.S. Army Air Force incendiary raids which had commenced in the summer of 1944. The transportation network was destroyed, the merchant marine navy had ceased to exist, the agricultural sector was unable to meet even the requirements of basic subsistence and food stocks were non-existant. It was only due to the reluctant and belated intervention of the U.S. Government (many members of the Congress and the Truman administration were opposed to feeding the Japanese) that wide spread starvation of the Japanese populace was averted in 1946.

It is a wide spread belief that the United States "rebuilt" Japan's economy after World War II. This is not true. More countries were involved in the rebuilding. Following the surrender, Japan was occupied by the allied powers, chiefly the United States with the lesser participation of the British, until 1952 when the peace treaty was signed. One of the conditions of the surrender was that Japan make war reparations. Both the United States and the Soviet Union seized capital assets, cash, and property in both Japan proper and the the former Japanese occupied areas of Manchuria as partial payment toward these reparations. This had the effect of further crippling what remained of Japan's industry and economy. The United States cancelled further payments in 1954 but the payment of reparations to other countries continued long after. Some sources assert that Japanese war reparations exceeded by a large margin the amount of foreign aid received by Japan which in any case was chiefly in the form of bank loans.

Nor was Japan the recipient of an aid program such as the Marshall Plan which attempted to rebuild Europe. Despite massive infusions of Marshall Plan dollars and assistance to Great Britain and France, neither country ever regained its pre-war economic power. Japan's economic miracle was largely due, not to any overt action of the United States, but to the industriousness of its people. Of course there were other contributing factors as well, such as the 100 per cent literacy rate, the high rate of personal saving, and generous government subsidies to key industries and emerging technologies.

Perhaps the most important contribution the Occupation made to Japanese economic recovery was in the introduction and nurturing of democratic reforms. Capitalism works best in a free society.

If anyone is going to answer on here, please cite sources for your comments. The person who wrote here about the U.S. NOT being the major source of rebuilding is obviously not well-informed or has some other agenda. QUOTE sources...this site wants "answers" not half-baked opinions. BTW, the BCOF was responsible for the demilitarizing of Japan's war industries. The U.S. put billions of dollars into reconstruction.

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History of Japan
History of China
History of Canada

Do you think that Canadians today are as racist as they were in the past?

Answer: Like every other country on this earth, canadians have a certain percent of people who are racist, it is unfortunate that these racists are so ignorant of other cultures that they have absolutely no concept of how other peoples live, thank goodness this is only a very small percentage. Most Canadians are the most tolerant people onearth.

Answer: If those racists from the past are still alive then yes, I believe those Canadians are still just as racist as they were in the past. If any of the younger generation took cues from them then they are probably just as racist if not more racist because of how it is looked down upon nowadays, so in defiance, they push their racism.

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History of Japan
Japanese to English

What does 'Kyo ha dou desuka' mean?

今日はどうですか (kyou wa dou desu ka) literally means 'how is today?' in Japanese. This may be used to ask someone how their day is going. This sentence may also mean 'how about today?'

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History of Japan
Book Reports
Samurai

What is a good summary for the samurai's tale?

A Japenese Samurai Died and got a Kid That later On worked As A servant then became a Samurai like his father ;D The End

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Tattoos and Body Art
History of Japan
Dragons

What do dragons symbolize?

European Dragons

In western culture, the dragon is traditionally depicted as a powerful, mystical guard over treasure or a savage beast which likes to wreak havoc over the surrounding countryside. This negative image comes from the use of the word to describe Satan in the Bible.

Oriental Dragons

In eastern culture, the dragon is a benevolent symbol, representing wisdom and power, usually with many magical abilities. They are depicted as wise and helpful entities, much to the contrast to their western kin. In China they represent royalty and are often worn by the emperor.

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