History of Singapore

Singaporean History dates back to the 11th century when it was settled by the Malays. Singapore became an important British trading port in the mid-1800s. In 1965, it became an independent nation, and had an economy that rivaled Japan.

3,087 Questions
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions
History of Singapore
Southeast Asia

Why did Singapore favor a merger with Malaysia?

Singapore favour for merger with Malaysia because for common market and for independence.

  • The PAP felt that Singapore's survival as an independent nation would be difficult.
  • Singapore lacked natural resources.
  • Entrepot trade was declining.
  • Growing population which required more jobs.
  • The Malayan government introduced import and export tariffs on goods which led further decline in Singapore's trade.
  • PAP government felt that a merger with Malaya would bring about rapid economic growth especially with the setting up of common market.
  • The common market would allow goods to be bought and sold freely without being taxed.
  • This would increase trade, expand industries and create more jobs.
  • The PAP saw that Singapore's best hope for complete freedom was through a merger with Malaya.
  • There were some areas like defense and internal security that were still under British control.
  • The British were reluctant to grant full independence to Singapore because they were worried about the communist threat in Singapore.
  • Moreover, When the PAP was formed in 1954, it included moderates and radicals.

Singapore lacked natural resources and faced a declining trade amount. More jobs were needed to meet the demands of the population. The Malayan government imposed import and export tariffs on goods traded between the 2 countries. Singapore also faced Communist threat and that made the British not grant full independence to Singapore. Singapore hence felt that by merging with Malaya, the British would grant Singapore full independence and Malaya would share natural resources and jobs. Trade amounts might also go back up and the tariffs could be removed.

Cars & Vehicles
History of Singapore

Where to buy carbon fiber sticker in Singapore?

In Singapore, i got my carbon fibre sticker from

The material is good n stretchable to paste. thumb Up!

Holidays and Traditions
History of Singapore

When is Singapore's Racial Harmony Day?

21st July every year. 1964 is when it started.

History of Singapore

What is the difference between Singapore and Japan?

Following are the main differences:

1. In Singapore, table manners are in-lined with the western culture. However, in Japan, it is a basic courtesy to say 'Itadakimasu' before eating and 'Gochisosama deshita' after finishing your food.

2. a traditional Japanese home usually uses parquet floor design and Singapore uses marble floor and tiled.

3. In Singapore, usually the types of card games play are mainly poker cards, such as "Black Jack", "Big 2" and etc. However, in Japanese culture, their traditional card game was called "Hanafuda."

Consumer Electronics
History of Singapore
Energy Conservation
Benjamin Franklin

What would happen if there was no electricity?

There are two ways of looking at the question, "What would happen if there was no electricity".


What if electricity didn't exist?

  • Well, the universe literally would not exist as we know it, because electricity is streams of electrons, and without electrons, compounds (and thus most matter) wouldn't exist.
  • If electricity (electromagnetism) did not exist the universe would not exist, since EM forces are an integral component of the (commonly accepted) standard model.


What if humans didn't know how to use electricity?

  • We didn't know how to use it for most of our history, so I imagine we'd revert to a mid-1800's society, where machines were steam powered and we had to read for personal entertainment.
  • We wouldn't be able to watch TV, go on the computer, talk on the phone.
  • We'd have to play games outside, and use our imaginations more, like they did in historical times.
  • Parents wouldn't be able to punish by taking away computers or cell phones because neither would run anyway.
  • Imagine cold showers or baths; no microwave; no cold drinks in summer; even worse no air conditioning and no cars (Cars need electricity to run the fuel ignition system.)
  • One could heat water on the stove (probably a wood stove, hot, sweaty, and smokey, why many old kitchens were walled off from the rest of the house). But, you didn't prohibit using Natural Gas for Hot water, or for the stove. One can even run an absorption refrigerator on Natural Gas or Propane, or anything that would run a compressor could run a freon based refrigerator. With a little imagination one could use a solar hot water heater too.
  • Transport would be steam-driven, animal-driven or human-powered. You'd have a bicycle, a horse-drawn carriage or you'd just walk everywhere you went, and you'd go long distances by train. By now someone would have invented the horseless carriage, which would run on either a small boiler or maybe a diesel engine--diesels don't need electricity to run, and you can rope-start them if you have to.
  • Remember the old cars had cranks out front. You'd get outside rain or shine and pull on the crank and hope it started... and pull again. Presumably this would also work with Diesel engines without any electricity, but the increased compression would make them a pain to crank to start. Glow plugs, of course, wouldn't work so you'd have to compensate with higher compression. I believe some Diesel engines use pneumatic starters, or perhaps you could use a pony-engine setup like the old caterpillars.
  • Also, no radio in the car. No electric fans. Probably we would still be using carbide lights on the fenders.
  • Everyone dreams about riding horses, right? That would likely be a big part of life
  • Lighting would be by flames--candles or lanterns.
  • You'd communicate via the mails, or you'd go visiting. Visiting was a very popular form of entertainment in the 1800s, and there were many social protocols--you dressed formally to do it, you made an appointment to visit, you left calling cards in a basket at the front door, and you had a special sitting room that was only used for visiting.
  • You'd entertain yourself by playing games, but you'd play with other people. You'd also go to dances, you'd go to church (people weren't really any more religious then than they are now, but everyone went to church because in a lot of places church was the main form of entertainment).
  • Food was generally fresh, or canned, and locally-grown. Meats were almost always smoked. Did you ever read in old Christmas stories about how the children got an orange for a gift? Oranges were special because they were hard to transport, so you might see one a year.
  • If you wanted to see a play, you went to a theater. If you wanted to hear music, you went to a concert on the town square, or you had someone in the family who could play, or you knew how to play yourself. A lot of people had pianos or harpsichords, and for the non-rich there were guitars, banjos, fiddles, harmonicas and mandolins.
  • Work was all manual. You made things, or you wrote on ledger paper.
  • There wouldn't be any more thirty-second conversations. Women didn't just run over to a neighbor's house for a little while--if you wanted to do that, you'd talk to your neighbor across the hedgerow at the edge of your property. If you spent a couple of hours dressing, styling your hair and applying makeup, you'd spend half the night in conversation. And you'd LIKE it! You also wouldn't be there by yourself--usually people would gather in groups in parlors (living rooms), and discuss all sorts of things.
  • No escalators, no elevators, and a lot more would be done by hand. There probably would be a lot less incidence of obesity, and less incidence of adult onset type 2 diabetes.
  • Medicine, of course, would be simpler with no MRIs, PET Scans, CAT scans, Maybe simple X-Rays but, no Ultra Sounds. No knowing the sex of your child before it is born.
  • No hand held calculators. There were mechanical calculators available, for quite some time, but they were overly large.
  • Lastly, you wouldn't have a computer to be reading this. It would either be typed with a manual typewriter (ker-thunk), handwritten by candle-light or transcribed by monks in some monastery.
  • There actually were some early mechanical computing devices... but for a mechanical computer device capable of doing what a modern laptop computer can do, think of something the size of New York City, and still no video screen to look at.
  • People would go to bed to sleep at dark (about 8pm) because there isn't much to do after dark, by candlelight, in shadows. There'd be no outside lights so outdoor activities would be difficult or dangerous.
History of Singapore

What is the main street in Singapore?

Orchard road.

Flight Times
History of Singapore

How long is a flight from Singapore to Guang Zhou?

3hr 50min to 4hr 00min Singapore Changi (SIN) to Guangzhou (CAN) by a nonstop flight operated by China Southern Airlines or Singapore Airlines.

Flight Times
History of Singapore

How long is the flight from Singapore to Bali?


Singapore (SIN) to Denpasar Bali (DPS)

Flight Duration: 2 hours 30 mins


The distance between Singapore and Denpasar, Bali is 1050 miles (1690 km).

History of Singapore

Is Singapore a gracious society?

Unfortunately, far from it. Ungracious, ill-mannered and selfish acts are seen everywhere.

Japan in WW2
History of Singapore

Who was involved in the battle of Bukit Timah?

Japan and the Allies

Currency Conversions
History of Singapore

Where to get best currency exchange rate from Singapore dollar to Vietnam dong in Singapore?

Mustafa Centre, Ferrar Park, Singapore. Its a very famous place in Singapore.

History of Singapore

What country is Singapore in?

Singapore is it's own country. It is a city state and country all in one. It has the third highest GDP per capita, going by the IMF rankings and is one of the most modern countries in the world.

History of Singapore

Why is Singapore such a clean city?

Because Singapore has very strict laws and has hefty fines for dropping chewing gum, cigarettes and litter on the floor. (For many years, chewing gum was banned in Singapore).

History of Singapore

How many miles between Brisbane and Singapore?

Without looking it up, about 3,800 miles or 6,000 km.

History of Singapore

Is Pulau Ubin part of Singapore?

Yes, Pulau Ubin is located in the north East of Singapore.

History of Singapore

What is Singapore's GMT?

GMT +8:00

History of Singapore
Southeast Asia

Why Singapore's capital is Singapore?

It is because Singapore is not only a country, but it is a city as well. It is a city-country, hence Singapore's capital is Singapore itself.

Languages and Cultures
History of Singapore

What languages are spoken in Singapore?

Singlish is also a creole language created by Singaporeans which is a mixture of dialect and Malay and places emphasis on its informal tone. It is more formally known as Colloquial Singaporean English.

Each and every language spoken in Singapore is relatively important because this makes up Singapore!

They can speak English. In Singapore, English is a national language for the Singaporeans. They use British English since Stamford Raffles stepped into Singapore aka Singapura in 1819. I am a Singaporean so I know

Singapore has four official languages: English, Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), and Tamil. The national language of Singapore is Malay, although it is not spoken amongst most Singaporeans. The official languages are English (British), Mandarin Chinese and Tamil. English is the most commonly spoken language and is used as a common language amongst people of different races in Singapore, as Singapore's population is vastly multiracial.

Malay is the national language due to Singapore's history, when the natives were Malay, until the British came along and transformed the island into a port, attracting people form all around the world due to employment prospects. Majority of these immigrants were Chinese and a large number of Indians were present as well.

This formed the multiracial social landscape of modern day Singapore, and also raised the need of a common language for people to communicate so as to better prosper the nation. Having Mandarin Chinese and Tamil as official languages is to allow the Chinese and Indians to feel as if they have a place in Singapore, not as if they are being excluded. This is important as Chinese make up around 70% of the population and their dissatisfaction will greatly affect the nation.
There are four official languages of Singapore, English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil
In descending order: English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil, Hindi.
Singapore second is chinese.
English. In Singapore, we learn English as our first language. Our 2nd language is usually our ethnic language. If you are Malay, you learn Malay.. Chinese, you learn Chinese.. Indian, you learn Tamil.. Punjabi, you learn Punjabi.

Fyi, Singapore is a multi-racial and multi-ethnic country.
The primary language in Singapore is English, not Chinese.
The first language will be English, other than English there's Mandarin, Malay and Tamil languages. These four languages are the official ones in Singapore.
Singapore has four national languages. Tamil, Mandarin, English and Malay. All of the signs and announcements are in these languages . It is Malay.
The official languages od Singapore are English, Mandarin, Malay and Tamil.
Singapore is a multi-racial nation Therefore the four main ethnic groups form the main language spoken English, Malay, Chinese, and Hindi There is no fixed language spoken but these are the most common
i'd say English. non-Chinese people might not be able to speak in mandarin or other Chinese dialects, non-Indians might not speak Tamil or Hindi or other Indian dialects, non-malays might not be able to speak Malay since it's not compulsory for students to study the 'original' language of the island but practically everyone knows how to speak English to cross the cultural divide
The main language would be English with only a handful, mostly the older generation, that don't speak it. so if you can speak English, there should be no problem.
Official Language = English

National Language = Malay
Singapore has 4 official languages, and 97% of the population speaks at least one of them. They are Mandarin, English, Malay, and Tamil. About 50% of Singapore's population speaks Mandarin, followed by 32% speaking English, 12% speaking Malay, and 3% speaking Tamil.
English, Mandarin, Malay, Tamil
Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%
Singapore has 4 official languages:

  1. English
  2. Malay
  3. Chinese
  4. Tamil

Here is a list of all languages spoken in Singapore.

1. Bengali

2. Chinese, Hakka

3. Chinese, Mandarin

4. Chinese, Min Bei

5. Chinese, Min Dong

6. Chinese, Min Nan

7. Chinese, Pu-Xian

8. Chinese, Yue

9. English

10. Gujarati

11. Javanese

12. Madura

13. Malay

14. Malay, Baba

15. Malay, Standard

16. Malayalam

17. Orang Seletar

18. Panjabi, Eastern

19. Singapore Sign Language

20. Sinhala

21. Tamil
singapore has four official languages- malay, mandarin chinese, tamil, and english
there are four official languages of singapore:-




Sinapore has 4 offical languages. English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil.

History of Singapore

How do you say 'How are you' in some of the languages of Singapore?

How are you in the 4 official languages of Singapore:

  1. English = How are you
  2. Malay = Apa khabar
  3. Chinese (mandarin) = 你好吗 nǐ hǎo ma
  4. Tamil = எப்படி இருக்கீங்க eppadi irukeenga
History of Singapore

What is the story of tanglin barracks Singapore?

Tanglin was a densely wooded area until the 17th century when settlers began clearing the hills to make way for nutmeg, gambier and pepper plantations. In 1860, a 210 acre site in Tanglin, comprised mainly of a nutmeg plantation, was purchased by the colonial government, to provide housing for military troops. It was first established as barracks for the British Army in 1872. The buildings constructed for the military then, were large and airy, to give respite from the tropical elements while providing maximum ventilation. From 1934-6, much new construction took place within the camp grounds, and the barracks were fortified. Some of the buildings were torn down to make way for new concrete buildings, while modifications were made to others, thus preserving the square support columns and French-tiled roofs of the original buildings. The buildings of Tanglin Camp have previously housed various important military offices such as The Medical Classification Centre, Officers' Personnel Centre, Naval Training Department, SAF Careers Centre and the Central Manpower Base of the Singapore Armed Forces. Presently, the buildings at Tanglin Camp are decommissioned.

Countries, States, and Cities
History of Singapore

What is the capital of Singapore?

Singapore's capital city is Singapore (the entire country is the city-state itself).
The city of Singapore is the capital of the Republic of Singapore.

History of Singapore

What do Singaporeans think about foreigners becoming PR in Singapore?

The Singapore government wants skilled foreigners to become PRs to help sustain their economy. As for what Aunty NG down the road thinks about foreigners, you'll have to ask her directly.

A better question would be why would a foreigner want to become a PR in Singapore...

History of Singapore

Distance from Singapore to kota kinabalu?

According to the Malaysia Airlines web site, the distance is 889 miles across the South China Sea. A direct flight takes 2h 15min.

Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions
History of Singapore
Southeast Asia

What are the pros and cons of the Singapore - Malaysia merger?


First there is politcal benefits. Singapore wants to be independent. 1963 federation of malaysia constitution, through merger in 1963 with an independent malaya, singapore achieved full independence from British. Before the merger, British is unwilling to grant singapore independence giving the excuse that singapore is not strong enough and have limited resources to be independet. For malaya, merger was a way to check rising threat of communism in Singapore which might result to a threaten to the safety of malaya. Malaya is very successful in handling communist problems, one example is The Emergency.

Secondly, there is economic benefits. Singapore has limited resources and by merging with malaysia, malaysia acts as a hinterland for singapore and provides singapore with the resource. Furthremore, singapore has a small market and by merging with malaysia, it increases size of market and hence benefit singapore economically. Malysia on the other hand also wants to be benfited by singapore since singapore has more than 2500 firmst and a population of 1.7millon and is the most important port in south east asia.


However, because of the merger, federak government's fear of PAP's domination in malaysia politics. The failure of Alliance leader in KL to enable the Malays in Singapore to gain more seats in the Singapore Legislative Assmebly during the 1963 elections caused the alliance leader to feel very bitter about the defeat. Tunku even came to singapore and expressed his disappointment,this resulted to tension and bitter relationship. Furthremore, singapore promised not to participate in federal elections but did not keep its promise. Lee Kuan Yew and others participated in the federal election, although they only won a few seats but malays felt threatened by Singapore. Moreover, malaysia keep emphasizing on Malay being a superior race but Singapore felt that everyone is equal. Hence, the fear of Chinese domination in Malysian politics was a dominant threat felt amongst malay leaders. There are many riots for example the Geylang gaswork riot on Prophet Muhamad's birthday which resulted in injuries and the damage of properties.

Singapore did not benefit as much in the common market because the Central government was not convinced to promote new industries in Singapore. When foreign industries want to set up industries in Singapore, the centre government always delay and disagree. Singapore also recieved very few certificats of pioneer status. Singapore leaders felt very frustrated to threatened to boycott british goods. Resulted to upsetting relationship. Tax charges to protect malaysian industry is very frustrating. Singapore's light bulb industries suffered because of the imposition of duty on imports of light bulbs just when light bulb factories are going to be set up and 50000 people are unable to get their jobs because of this.


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