James Cook

James Cook was a British explorer who achieved the first European contact with the Hawaiian Islands and the eastern coastline of Australia. He also holds the record for being the first person to circumnavigate New Zealand.

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Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook
Wellington

Is it true that Captain Cook discovered Wellington?

no

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James Cook

Did Captain Cook have a cat?

No.

When James Cook set off in 1768 on his famous journey in which he ultimately charted the coasts of New Zealand and eastern Australia, he was accompanied by a goat. This little-known breed of goat, the Arapawa, provided milk for the sailors during the entire time, and survived the voyage of the Endeavour, to return to England in 1771.

It was English captain Matthew Flinders who had a cat, "Trim", that went with him on his sea voyages.

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James Cook

What country did Captain James Cook represent?

Captain James Cook represented England on his journeys.

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Why did Captain Cook go on his expeditions?

Cook's original mission was to observe the transit of Venus from the vantage point of Tahiti.

Cook was then under secret orders to try to find the great unknown southern continent, and claim it for Britain. In so doing, he charted the eastern coastline of what he called "New South Wales" (now Australia), making extensive notes on the people, flora, fauna and prospective suitability for colonisation, and reported back to England.

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Did Captain Cook discover Norfolk Island?

Captain James Cook is believed to be the first European explorer to discover Norfolk Island, doing so on 10 October 1774.

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How many crew men did James Cook have?

8

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When and how did Captain James Cook die?

Cook was on his third journey, and returning to England in 1779. He had already visited the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii) on his outward journey where, due to an unusual combination of circumstances, he was perceived to be a certain god returning from across the sea. The natives revered him and treated him exceptionally well, and when they saw him off, it was with all the ceremonial pomp they reserved for their most highly honoured gods.

Cook then returned to Hawaii on his return trip to England, but this was perhaps his biggest mistake. For a start, his 'god' persona was not supposed to return, and his return caused some suspicions among the natives that he was perhaps not who they had thought he was. In trying to recover one of the ship's boats, which had been stolen by Polynesian islanders, or possibly while they were trying to send his boats away from the island again, Cook was attacked and killed by the natives, using spears, on the beach at Kealakekua Bay in Hawaii. The date of Cook's death was 14 February 1779.

There are reports that he was cannibalised, but cannibalism was not actively practised in Hawaii at this time. It seems his body was prepared in an unusual ritual, which may have seemed like cannibalism to those of his crew who witnessed it. Because he had originally been regarded as a god by the natives, his heart was divided between tribal chiefs and eaten. his hands were stuffed with salt to preserve them, whilst many of his bones were placed around the island, given to other significant tribal chiefs. His remains were then returned to his crew in dignified fashion, with a cloak of white and black feathers, where they were placed in a small coffin and buried at sea.

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History of Australia
Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook

When did Captain Cook leave England?

James Cook was not a captain when he left England on his first mission of exploration. Lieutenant James Cook departed Plymouth, England for the first time on 25 August 1768.

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History of Australia
Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook

Why should Captain James Cook be remembered?

James Cook was an English sea captain. He should be remembered for his contribution to exploration of the southern hemisphere, and his significant contributions to the charting of New Zealand and the east coast of Australia, neither of which he actually discovered (contrary to popular opinion).

It was upon Cook's recommendation that places such as New Zealand and Australia were colonised by the British, resulting in European settlement and the expansion of the British empire.

On his first journey, departing in 1768, he commanded the 'Endeavour' on an expedition to chart the transit of Venus. Cook went on to search for Terra Australis Incognita, the great continent which some believed to extend round the pole. He first came across New Zealand, which had already been discovered by Abel Tasman in 1642. Cook spent some months there, charting the coastline. Nearly a year later, he set sail east, becoming the first known European to sight the Eastern coast of Australia, in April 1770. He continued north, charting the coast in some detail, before returning a favourable report to England. It was this report which convinced the authorities to colonise the Australian continent with convicts.

On Cook's second journey which lasted from 1772-1775, he commanded the 'Resolution' and the 'Adventure' on an expedition to the South Pacific, disproving the rumour of a great southern continent, exploring the Antarctic Ocean, New Hebrides and New Caledonia.

On his third journey, commencing in 1776, Cook visited and named the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii, and unsuccessfully sought a northwest passage along the coast of North America. On his way back to England, he stopped at Hawaii again. After a boat was stolen by natives, he and his crew had an altercation with the Hawaiians. On 14 February 1779, Cook was speared by Hawaiian natives. This was a tragic end to the career of a noble and courageous explorer who contributed much to the knowledge of the continents and islands of the world.

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Explorers and Expeditions

What were Captain James Cook's ships called?

James Cook commanded three ships: the Endeavour, the Resolution and the Adventure.

Cook's best known ship was the 'Endeavour', which departed Plymouth, England, on 26 August 1768 on Cook's expedition to observe the transit of Venus from the vantage point of Tahiti. It was on this journey that Cook circumnavigated New Zealandand the eastern coast of Australia.

On Cook's second and third journeys, he commanded the 'Resolution' and the 'Adventure'. On his third journey, Cook also had a consort ship, the Discovery, which was commanded by Charles Clerke, not by Cook himself.

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Australia
Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook

Did James Cook face any problems while exploring Australia?

James Cook struck trouble while charting Australia's east coast. Cape Tribulation, in far North Queensland, was so named by Captain Cook after the Endeavour struck the reef and nearly sank. The Endeavour managed to stay afloat for another week whilst the crew sought desperately for land, eventually sighting the harbour formed by the Endeavour River. The ship was landed on 10 June 1770, and Cook spent almost two months repairing it, thus giving rise to the fledgling township of Cooktown

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James Cook

What year did Captain Cook discover Australia?

It is a common misconception that Captain Cook discovered Australia. He did not. The Australian continent had been populated by Aborigines for thousands of years, and visited by numerous Asian traders and, later, explorers since the first known European visitor in 1616. Captain James Cook was the first European to sight and chart the eastern coast of Australia, which he did between April and August 1770.

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What did James Cook explore?

James Cook explored many lands. He circumnavigated New Zealand, exploring the coastline of both islands; the eastern coast of Australia; he crossed the Antarctic Circle; parts of the west coast of America; and islands of the Pacific such as Tahiti, New Hebrides, New Caledonia, the Cook Islands and Hawaii.

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Countries, States, and Cities
Oceania
James Cook

What is the capital of the Cook Islands?

Cook Islands' capital is Avarua, located on the island of Rarotonga. Avarua's population is about 2,600.

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Where did James Cook live as a child?

As a child, James Cook lived in Marton, a small farming community in Yorkshire, England.

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What was the name of Captain Cook's ship?

endver

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When and where was James Cook born?

James Cook was born on 27 October 1728 in Marton in North Yorkshire, now part of Middlesbrough, England.

He died in the Sandwich islands (now Hawaii) on 14 February 1779.

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History of Science
Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook

Why is James Cook so important?

James Cook was an English sea captain. Contrary to popular opinion, he did NOT discover Australia, nor New Zealand, but he was famous for several reasons:

  • On his first journey, departing in 1768, he commanded the 'Endeavour' on an expedition to chart the transit of Venus. Cook went on to search for Terra Australis Incognita, the great continent which some believed to extend round the pole. He first came across New Zealand, which had already been discovered by Abel Tasman in 1642. He spent some months there, charting the coastline.
  • Nearly a year later, he set sail east, becoming the first known European to sight the Eastern coast of Australia, in April 1770. He continued north, charting the coast in some detail, before returning a favourable report to England. It was this report and recommendation which convinced the authorities to colonise the Australian continent with convicts. It was also on this journey that Cook claimed Australia and New Zealand for the British empire.
  • On Cook's second journey which lasted from 1772-1775, he commanded the 'Resolution' and the 'Adventure' on an expedition to the South Pacific, disproving the rumour of a great southern continent, exploring the Antarctic Ocean, New Hebrides and New Caledonia.
  • On his third journey, commencing in 1776, Cook visited and named the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii, and unsuccessfully sought a northwest passage along the coast of North America. On his way back to England, he stopped at Hawaii again. After a boat was stolen by natives, he and his crew had an altercation with the Hawaiians. On 14 February 1779, Cook was speared by Hawaiian natives.
  • Because his death in Hawaii was at the end of a brilliant career he became a part of the lore and legend of British seamanship. Cook had worked his way up from ordinary merchant seaman to Royal Navy Master and Commander, had proven that Australia was a continent, circumnavigated New Zealand, mapped Newfoundland and searched for the Northwest Passage. He had earned his reputation.
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James Cook

How long did Captain James Cook's siblings live for?

50 years

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Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook

Where did James Cook get married?

St Margarets Church, Barking, Essex. 21st. December 1762

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History of Maritime
Australian Colonial Settlement
James Cook
Walt Whitman

Who was captain of HMS captain in 1760?

AnswerIt depends on the date.John Amherst was captain during the campaign in Newfoudland,but switched in March 1760 to 'The Arrogant'

Horatio Nelson was also the captain of HMS Captain but I'm not sure of when.

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James Cook

How many people did captain cook take with him?

Cook departed on 26 August 1768, carrying 94 people

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Cooking Techniques
Oceania
Explorers and Expeditions
James Cook
Islands

Where are the Cook Islands?

The Cook Islands are in Oceania, in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand.

They are just east of Tonga and Fiji, and west of French Polynesia, in the ocean northeast of New Zealand.

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James Cook

Who sponsored James Cook's exploration?

Cook was hired in 1766 by the Royal Geographic Societywho sponsored Cook's first expedition to observe the transit of Venus in 1769. This journey was co-sponsored by the British Admiralty.

Cook's other voyages were also planned as scientific explorations and were commissioned and sponsored by George III of England and the Admiralty.

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Tonga

What did Captain Cook name Tonga?

Captain Cook the man named Tonga "The Friendly Island."Why because Tongans where kind to Captain Cook when he arrived to Tonga.

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