Joseph Smith

Joseph Smith was the founder of the Latter Day Saints or Mormon religion. He is considered a prophet by the members of the Mormon church. Questions regarding Joseph Smith can be directed here.

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Did Joseph Smith Jr own a horse?

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Yes. Joseph Smith, Jr. owned several different horses over the course of his lifetime.
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Why did the mob kill Joseph Smith?

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The early Mormon Church splintered several times. In 1844, William Law and Robert Foster, disagreed with Smith about how to manage the economy of Nauvoo in Illinois, as well as saying that Smith had proposed marriage to both their wives. They formed a competing church and procured indictments against Smith for perjury and polygamy. On June 7, they published the Nauvoo Expositor, in which they called for reform within the church and appealed to the county's broader community. Fearing dissent, the Nauvoo city council ordered the press used by Law and Foster to be destroyed by the Nauvoo Legion, an autonomous militia led by Joseph Smith, with the rank of Lieutenant General. Wikipedia explains that destruction of the newspaper provoked a strident call to arms from Thomas C. Sharp, editor of the Warsaw Signal and longtime critic of Smith. Fearing an uprising, Smith mobilised the Nauvoo Legion and declared martial law. A small detachment of the state militia was mobilised and Governor Thomas Ford threatening to raise a larger militia unless Smith and the Nauvoo city council surrendered themselves. Smith and his brother were jailed on a charge of inciting a riot. A mob stormed the jail and shot both Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum.
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How many children did Joseph Smith have alive when he died?

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Joseph Smith Jr. had 11 children total (9 biological and 2 adopted), although only four of these were around at the time of his death in 1844. Alvin Smith died the day he was born in 1828. Twins Thaddeus and Louisa Smith died the day they were born in 1831. Adopted son Joseph Murdock died at 11 months in 1832. Don Carlos Smith died at age one in 1840. A stillborn child was born in 1842. Joseph's last child, David Hyrum Smith, was not born until several months after Joseph was killed. Children living at the time of his death were: Adopted daughter Julia Murdock (age 13 at the time) died in 1880. Joseph Smith III (age 11 at the time) died in 1914. Frederick Granger Williams Smith (age 8 at the time) died in 1862. Alexander Hale Smith (age 6 at the time) died in 1909.
Asked in Mormonism, Joseph Smith

Why did Joseph Smith create Mormonism?

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Joseph Smith wanted to know which church was the true church of Jesus Christ. There were several christian churches in the area where he lived....each contradicted the other in one way or another. Joseph ( a boy of 14 yrs) went into the woods to pray and asked the Lord which church he should join. In response God the Father and his son Jesus Christ appeared to Joseph and through Joseph Smith was the true church of Jesus Christ restored to the earth. Incredible yes! Hard to believe? True? Absolutely. Better check it out for yourself. Go to LDS.org.
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How old was Joseph Smith Jr when he died?

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Joseph Smith, Jr. was killed by an angry mob at the jail in Carthage, Illinois on June 27, 1844. He was 38 years old.
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What did Brigham Young do after the murder of Joseph Smith?

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Brigham Young urged his followers to travel in small parties to the West to form a new Zion.
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When was Joseph Smith Jr born?

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December 23rd, 1805.
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Did Joseph Smith have more than one wife?

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We do not know how many wives Joseph Smith had, but certainly he had quite a few, but only Smith's first marriage was legally recorded by any civil authority, with the remainder being religious unions only. His known wives are listed by Wikipedia, including two (Helen Mar Kimball, Nancy Mariah Winchester) who were only 14 years old at the time they married. In 1852, leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) acknowledged that Smith had practised plural marriage and produced a written revelation to Smith that purportedly authorised the practice.
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Was Joseph smith tried as a horse thief?

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Joseph Smith was once accused of being a horse thief by some of his enemies but he was never found guilty.
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Is MIT Romney descended from Joseph smith or brig ham young?

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No, he is not. Mitt Romney's great grandfather (his dad's mom's dad) was the son of Mormon Apostle Parley Pratt, who was a close friend of both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young. That is the closest association he has with them.
Asked in Mormonism, Polygamy, Joseph Smith

What happened when Mormon Joseph Smith claimed that God condoned polygamy?

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the mormons stopped practicing it because it what God wanted.
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Who were the followers of Joseph smith?

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Any one who was a Mormon at that time.
Asked in Judaism, Joseph Smith

Was Joseph Smith a Jew?

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No, Joseph Smith's family and ancestors were Christians, like the majority of families of the early 1800s, had little affiliation with organized religion; however, they were privately religious, accepting of things like visions and prophecies, and they practiced various kinds of folk religion. Smith's paternal grandfather Asael Smith was a Christian universalist. Smith's maternal grandfather Solomon Mack published a book in 1811 describing a series of heavenly visions and voices which he says led to his conversion to the "Christian faith" at the age of seventy-six.
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How did Joseph Smith write the Book of Mormon using gold plates?

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Joseph Smith reportedly translated what was written on plates (of different metals actually) with the help of God and a tool that was with the plates called the urim and Thummim when he received them, although no archealogical evidence exists to suggest that any metal was used to keep records in ancient America. Translating the plates took a lot of concentration and spirituality. If he was not in the right set of mind he could not do it. There's actually a story where Joseph had an argument with his wife and went to go translate, but found he could not do it. He had to go and apologize to Emma (his wife) and ask forgiveness from God before he could translate again. Joseph Smith was a prophet, and God revealed the translation to him as they went along. Usually, he would sit with the plates and dictate the translation to a scribe, since he was not good at writing. It took a very long time. Addition to the above text: The "tool" used to help Joseph Smith was called "Urim and Thummim" Addition to the above text: Clarification. The Urim and Thummim were described as stones, so many believe that one way he translated was to put "seer stones" into a hat and translate the Book of Mormon. Joseph Smith apparently did this to (unsuccessfully) find buried treasure before finding the Book of Mormon. This hasn't been mentioned in any records as a way of translating, and the gold plates were used, but were kept hidden from the scribe until Joseph was told otherwise. The Urim and Thummim (the way they were described) sound like they were kind of like glasses that Joseph could look at the plates through. But I don't know if there is actual documentation of that. Joseph found the gold plates because the Angel Moroni told him where they were buried. Not because of treasure hunting seer stones. The reformed Egyptian language in which the plates were written is unheard of in any archaelogical circles outside of those within the LDS Church. In fact, no ancient American historical evidence exists to suggest the existence of any ancient culture called the Nephites or Lamanites or any other people group unique to the Book of Mormon. Correction to the above statement: Prior to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone in the early 1800's the Egyptian language was virtually an unknown language. Archeologists determine the Rosetta Stone dated from about 196 A.D. The 'Book of Mormon' history begins about 600 B.C., 400 years earlier. Now take the Lehi family to America. Things change and a change in language takes place, i.e. 'REFORMED EGYPTIAN'. Even in the language we use English, it is not the same as it was written in 1600 or 1700. The writing is different. Even today the English language is different in various parts of America and English speaking countries. It is possible that a 'REFORMED EGYPTIAN' was created. Actually, metal plates were used to write on as far back as 600 B.C. and the use of a low grade steel was also manufactured. The ancient battle on the hill of Cumorah in New York recorded in the Book of Mormon, for example, has left zero evidence behind. Despite the fact that the text says over 200,000 people died there, no weapons, armor, skeletons, mass graves, etc (all things you would expect to find at an ancient battle site) have been found. Unlike the Bible, whose people, wildlife, places, and culture have been preserved throughout history, the Book of Mormon's people and settings left no trace of their existence behind, despite years and millions of dollars of excavation performed by Mormon anthropologists. Correction to the above statement: Before he became president of the United States Thomas Jefferson excavated a burial mound about 1773 and published his findings a few years later (about 1780). In his write up of the mound he found thousands of bones. It reads; "conjectured that in this barrow (mound) might have been a thousand skeletons." In the 1700's there were thousands of these mounds on the eastern part of the U.S. As the settlers moved westward these mounds were ransacked and destroyed by treasure hunters and plowed under by farmers. Check out the 'Hopewell' Indian Culture of the Ohio area. It dates from (100 B.C. to 500 A.D.) Correction on Urim and Thummim: They were actually two stones fastened onto a breastplate.
Asked in Decade - 1980s, Joseph Smith

Why did Joseph Smith create the Latter Day Saints in the 1980s?

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In the 1980's? The Church of Latter-Day Saints was created in the 1830's. Answering the questions why Joseph Smith created the church is kind of tricky. If you are a believer in the church then you would probably say that Joseph Smith created it because he was divinely inspired by a vision and was given the Book of Mormon; if you don't believe in it then you probably assume Joseph Smith created the church for selfish reasons or simply had an illness which caused him to think he had a vision and completely fabricate the Book of Mormon. The above answer is a very good summary of why he created the church. I will only add to what the person had said. Joseph was confused of to which sect to join so he asked the Lord, that's when he got his inspiration to restore the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The church had once existed in ancient times, to find out more I suggest you ask a local member, maybe a friend. * Smith and the Methodists It is interesting to note that as early as 1828 members of the Methodist Church were forced to make a decision with regard to Joseph Smith. Smith had taken steps to join their church, but they felt his dealings in witchcraft made him unfit to be a member. * The Mormon Prophet Attempts to Join the Methodists By Wesley P. Walters In June 1828 Joseph Smith, Jr., the founder of Mormonism, joined the Methodist Church [probationary class] in Harmony, Pennsylvania. This was a strange thing for this prophet of a new religion to do, and seriously challenges the story he put out ten years later about the origin of his work.
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Was Joseph Smith a liar?

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This is a matter of opinion. Joseph Smith faced several criminal charges, some of which cast doubt on his honesty. At the age of 20, he was charged with the misdemeanor of being a "disorderly person". As Wikipedia describes the case, Smith had a certain stone which he had occasionally looked at to determine where hidden treasures were; that he professed to find gold mines underground, and that at Palmyra he pretended to tell by looking at this stone where coined money was buried in Pennsylvania, and while at Palmyra had frequently ascertained in that way where lost property was of various kinds. He was found guilty, although it appears from records that he was only required to pay costs. The question is probably related much more as to whether Smith lied in saying that he received the Book of Mormon from an angel, on gold plates. At a time when the Egyptian hieroglyphics appeared likely to remain indecipherable for all time, he stated that the plates were written in 'Reformed Egyptian'. Some characters of this 'Reformed Egyptian' language have supposedly been preserved in the 'Anthon Transcript', of which "Recent scholarship, including handwriting analysis, suggests the "Caractors" document was written by David Whitmer's brother John Whitmer in or after 1829". The characters on the document have been described as meaningless doodles, and the respected Smithsonian Institution says (Statement Regarding the Book of Mormon, 1996), "No inscriptions using Old World forms of writing have been shown to have occurred in any part of the Americas before 1492 except for a few Norse rune stones which have been found in Greenland."
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Was Joseph smith a Freemason?

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Yes. Joseph Smith was a Freemason, as were most men in his area during that time period.
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What is the true history of Joseph smith and polygamy?

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The private Mormon practice of polygamy was instituted in the 1830s by Joseph Smith. The public practice of so-called plural marriage was announced and defended in 1852 Dan Bammes ('Mormon Church Publishes Essay On Founder Joseph Smith's Polygamy') says,"Mormon historian Todd Compton, who's written a book on Smith's polygamy, says there's good evidence Smith married at least 33 women by the time he was murdered by a mob in 1844. Other scholars put the number as high as 40 or 50. Compton says some of them were already married to other men." This suggests that Smith not only practised polygamy freely, but was unconcerned that the women were supposedly already in committed relationships. At least one of the 'wives' was only 14 years old at the time of marriage, and two others were only 16 years old. Wikipedia says that the United States Congress passed the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act in 1862, prohibiting plural marriage in the territories. In spite of the law, Mormons continued to practice polygamy, believing that it was protected by the First Amendment. In 1879, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld the Morrill Act, stating: "Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinion, they may with practices." Under pressure from the United States government, Mormon president Wilford Woodruff officially terminated the practice of polygamy in 1890, although some Mormons continued to enter into polygamous relationships until 1904, when when church president Joseph F. Smith called for an end to all plural marriages in the church to cease and established excommunication for those who disobeyed.
Asked in Ancient History, New Testament, Jesus Christ, Joseph Smith

How many children did Joseph have before Jesus?

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None. He was engaged to marry Mary (lol, marry mary), and so he hadn't been married already, thus, he had no children before Jesus. and btw, jesus was only his adopted son, cuz God was Jesus's real father. Jesus Actually had 4 brothers. James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas. He also had Sister. Joseph actually had 7 children with his first wife who died in child birth with the seventh.
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What religion did Joseph Smith start?

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Joseph Smith did not start anything, he restored the church of christ. It was the Mormon church. Mormon is a nickname that was given to the church by people, really the faith is Christianity. Joseph Smith organized the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commonly called the "Mormon" church. Church members do not say he 'founded' the Church. They believe that the Church was founded by Jesus Christ, and organized under the direction of Jesus Christ through Joseph Smith. You can learn more about the Church at the "Related Links" below.
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What are the details of Joseph Smith's death?

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Joseph Smith was killed by an anti-Mormon mob outside Carthage Jail, who shot him through the window as he was attempting to climb out, possibly to save the other people still within.
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How did Joseph Smith die?

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Joseph Smith was killed by a mob while awaiting trial at Carthage Jail in Illinois. He had destroyed the printing press of a newspaper that had criticised him and the Mormon Church, an action that led finally to the state governor ordering him to surrender and face charges of inciting a riot, to which a charge of treason was then added, probably because Smith had earlier declared a state of emergency in Nauvoo.

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