Kyoto Protocol

Aimed at fighting global warming, the Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement associated to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Initially adopted in Kyoto, Japan, it was signed and ratified by 191 states as of July 2010.

916 Questions
Kyoto Protocol

Why did the us not sign the kyoto protocol?

The US signed the Kyoto Protocol on November 12, 1998, but did not ratify it.

It would harm the economy too much, they would either have to;

  • cut down on production to cut down on GHG's (green house gases) or
  • purchase expensive equipment to filter the toxins,

so the government did not want to risk the harming of the fragile economy, and especially now they definitely could not do it, it would further destroy the economy then what it is already.
The US signed the Kyoto Protocol on 12 November 1998. It has not yet ratified it.

Water Pollution
Kyoto Protocol

What is point source pollution?

Point source pollution is related to emissions that can be easily identified with a single discharge source.

Water pollution that is discharged from a discrete location such as a pipe, tank, pit, or ditch.

Point emission sources are generally considered to be fixed (immobile) facilities that produce gaseous or particulate atmospheric pollutants.

Some examples might include:

* smokestacks,

* vents,

* sewers,

* small fires, and

* exhausts from equipment. * Fossil-fuel (coal, oil, natural gas) or

* biomass (wood, waste, including yard waste and metropolitan solid waste and pelletized sewage or animal waste sludge, waste-generated methane)

* fired electric generating plants * Portland cement and

* lime kilns and plants * Heavy industrial and petrochemical plants such as

* refineries,

* steel mills,

* smelters,

* ore reduction plants,

* plastics plants and

* chemical plants

Typically, smaller sources of emissions are not considered as point sources and the definition is quite vague. Mobile emissions sources such as automobile and truck engines are not considered to be point emission sources. They are considered as non-pointpollution.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What is the Kyoto Protocol?

Kyoto Protocol- is the only international agreement aimed at controlling the greenhouse emissions that are hurting our climate change.This claim is made by many groups although there is no reductions in greenhouse emissions even offered by this protocol. In fact, most countries get unlimited growth in CO2 production.


The Kyoto Protocol is a multi-national agreement for the reduction of the emission of greenhouse gasses.

In 1997, the problem of the rising of earth's average temperature was a strong enough political topic that eighty world leaders met in Kyoto, Japan, to agree upon a means of controlling that increase. The result was the Kyoto Protocol, which had no legal authority unless ratified by individual countries according to their constitutional processes. Countries that ratify agree to reduce their emissions of five greenhouse gases and CO2. The Protocol applies mostly to developed countries, with less stringent requirements being placed on nations with developing economies.

As of 2009 all countries except the United States have ratified the protocol.
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets.

Environmental Issues
Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Which countries are part of the Kyoto Protocol?

Virtually all the world signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol. The only exception being the United States, which signed it in November 12, 1998, but has not ratified it.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

How does a forest plantation project in the Philippines earn green or carbon credits under the Kyoto protocol?

Emissions trading allows industries in developed countries to effectively reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide by investing in forest plantations and clean energy projects in developing countries. (See Carbon Credits and Forest Plantations). In theory new growing forests adsorb and store carbon to offset the carbon emitted from industry.

In practise these credits might not be truly additional, for example forestry in one place might be an excuse to de-forest elsewhere. The long-term management of the forest, particularly the susceptibility to fire and drought also needs to be considered.

Kyoto Protocol

What was the goal of the Montreal protocol?

To encourage research into substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons. Recycle existing chlorofluorocarbons rather than release them into the air and reduce the amount of the new production of chlorofluorocarbons in developed countries.
The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to help protect the ozone layer. Its objectives include phasing out CFCs and HCFCs which are both harmful to the earth.
The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding agreement that all countries signed. It came into effect in 2005 and its aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to lower levels in the atmosphere. All countries are now making efforts to reduce their emissions. (The US refused to ratify this convention, and Canada withdrew from it in 2011.)

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What does it mean to sign but not ratify the Kyoto protocol?

Treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol are negotiated in good faith by authorised persons from each country planning to take part in that treaty. At the end of the negotiating process, when all parties are in agreement, a repesentative from each participating country signs the accord to show that it truly represents the outcome that was negotiated.

However, the treaty is not binding on a country until it is ratified by the country's governing body, usually the parliament or congress.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What did the Kyoto protocol recommend?

Reducing emissions of gases that lead to global warming.

The protocol also established a means to bypass these recommendations through the purchasing of CO2 credits from countries that had no limits.

Water Pollution
Kyoto Protocol

What are some examples of point source pollution?

Two examples of point source pollution would be:

Factory smoke

Waste being directly dumped into rivers and/or oceans

Overflow of raw sewage

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What are artificial resources?

An artificial resource could be any resource made by people. These resources may one day be able to save life on our planet if we can generate natural resources out stuff found in space artificially

Environmental Issues
Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Reaction of many to global warming?

  • Well I think that global warming is really scary for people. Because people can't really do things. Do to global warming so they have to try and stop it before it gets worse.
  • Mostly hysterical.
Global Warming
Air Pollution
Kyoto Protocol

What does it mean to a country if they sign and ratify to the Kyoto Protocol?

It is quite a complex international agreement.

The basic tenets are the country promises to reduce their pollution emmisions by a given amount over a given time period.

However there is no way or regulations to enforce anyone to do so.

Nuclear Energy
Animal Life
Kyoto Protocol

Why is biomass the best energy source?

Why is biomass the best source of energy?

Biomass is the best energy source because it is renewable, natural and clean energy.

Consuming fossil fuels is actually releasing energy harvested by plants and animals that came from the sun many years ago. This energy is a pollutant because it is in excess of what the sun would naturally add to the environment. It is the rapid rate of release of this "old" energy that is the biggest contributor to the current global warming problem. Harvesting biomass energy prevents greenhouse gas emissions, and it does not add to the energy already put into the atmosphere from the sun.

Biomass grown in one production period is the result of harvesting nutrients, water and the available energy for the plant. Each species of plant, and each variety of any plant, has a different capacity for harvesting sunlight energy. Energy harvested by biomass is renewable and can be grown again in each growing season.

When biomass is decomposed it releases energy in the form of methane gas into the environment. Essentially, the gas released from any biomass can contribute to global warming. The biomass energy is produced, and contained can be used to produce electricity, or heat. When this heat or electricity can used in an environmentally responsible manner. Fewer greenhouse gases are released into the environment, and the energy can be available for multiple uses. This energy replaces the need for fossil fuel.

Harvested biomass energy is considered a clean energy because the harvested energy does not result in releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. It is also "clean" because the energy available is no more energy than the energy the sun naturally provided to that area where the plants were grown. The release of energy from biomass does not add to the energy provided naturally by the sun. The release of this energy could not be more natural. When grown in a sustainable manner the result of harvesting biomass energy is a carbon neural energy source that can be grown again and again, and not add to the carbon load of the atmosphere.

Global Warming
Climatology and Climate Changes
Air Pollution
Kyoto Protocol

When was global warming discovered?

The first serious research conducted on the effect of changes in CO2 levels was in 1896, when Arrhenius completed a laborious numerical computation which suggested that cutting the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere by half could lower the temperature in Europe some 4-5°C (roughly 7-9°F) - that is, to an ice age level. Arrhenius made a calculation for doubling the CO2 in the atmosphere, and estimated it would raise the Earth's temperature some 5-6°C (averaged over all zones of latitude). Arrhenius did not see that as a problem. He figured that if industry continued to burn fuel at the current (1896) rate, it would take perhaps three thousand years for the CO2 level to rise so high. In any case Arrhenius and other researchers were only interested in explaining the Ice Ages. No one seriously believed that global warming was coming. After much criticism, the work of Arrhenius was ignored by the scientific community.

In 1931, an American physicist, E.O. Hulburt, produced calculations supported Arrhenius's estimate that doubling or halving CO2 would bring something like a 4°C rise or fall of surface temperature, but he was a relatively uknown scientist and published his work in a little known Journal.

In 1938 an English engineer, Guy Stewart Callendar, compiled measurements of temperatures from the nineteenth century onwards and confirmed that there was a warming trend. He went on to evaluate old measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and concluded that over the previous hundred years the concentration of the gas had increased by about 10 per cent. Callendar asserted that this could explain the observed warming.

Nevertheless, it was not until the 1970s that scientists began to take the possibility of global warming seriously.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What is the purpose of the Kyoto protocol?

The goal of the Kyoto Protocol was to provide a framework for countries to move towards reducing our greenhouse emissions and thereby minimise global warming.

Travel & Places
Meteorology and Weather
Kyoto Protocol

How many years till you graduate meteorology?

It's generally a four-year degree.

Environmental Issues
Water Pollution
Kyoto Protocol

What are sources of pollution?

cars, some animals, electricity and alot more

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Which two countries are not part of the Kyoto protocol?

United States,




Environmental Issues
Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Which two nations have not signed onto the Kyoto Protocol?

The United states and China.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Why didn't the US ratify the Kyoto Protocol?

US was the largest carbon dioxide emitter in 2004. This obviously shows that they did not follow the Kyoto Protocol, thus they signed it but did not ratify it. Previous presidents have claimed that following the protocols might cause a decline in the economy, while Obama thinks that there is no point in signing it as it is going to end. US also thinks it is unfair that China and India, which are large producers of carbon dioxide, are exempted from the protocol whereas US is not.

A:Some countries, including the United States, have refused to ratify the treaty. The US government argues that drastically reducing carbon dioxide emissions would be too costly, and hurt the national economy. A:Many have suggested that the US didn't participate in the Kyoto Treaty because the price and time of making everything "green" would be excessive. Also, that a lot of corporations and big companies wouldn't follow the requirements without government intervention. A:Some reasons for the non-ratification:

(1) many in the US native believes that it would damage economy to implement this protocol.

(2) the highest pollution growth rate has been in the US, so its responsibility is much higher in comparison to other countries.

(3) the recent recession

(4) competition with growing economies like China and India (according to america, Kyoto is partially responsible for trade competition

(5) the costs of conforming to Kyoto, while mainly applied to cutting carbon emissions, are also an indirect way to subsidize green technology in developing countries

Coins and Paper Money
US Coins
Kyoto Protocol

Ceorgivs v graomnrexfiddefindimpplease tell if its worth keeping?

More information is needed. Your coin is almost certainly British, but you also need to supply its denomination and condition. Please post a new question so that it will be possible to ID your coin.

The motto is several words, not one, and variations of it are found on all British coins. It's heavily abbreviated Latin for "George the 5th, by the Grace of God King of All Britain, Defender of the Faith, and Emperor of India"

Periodic Table
Ice Ages
Kyoto Protocol

An alien periodic table answer key?

To get the Alien periodic table answer key, look at the elements of a normal periodic table and find which ones are similar to the alien elements.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

What has Australia done about the Kyoto Protocol?

Australia signed and ratified the protocol, and is working towards meeting its fairly modest commitments.

Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol

Original Kyoto protocol document?

Kyoto Protocol

How might the choice of the best energy source depend on your geographic location?

A TAN, or Tiny Area Network, is simply a very small LAN, or Local Area Network. (A LAN connects computers in a small area such as a building or a department). TANs are becoming popular in homes, home offices, and small businesses. There are many benefits to having a TAN. Networking your computers makes it possible to share high speed modems, routers, printers, and files. Once your computers are networked, you can send email and reminders to others on your network, and home users may even play network games with family members. With a TAN, you can take full advantage of your router or proxy server software, which enable an internet connection to be shared among other computers on the network. That way, everyone on the network can visit different places on the internet at the same time


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