Pearl Harbor

The Japanese attack on the US Military bases in the Hawaiian Territory particularly the Naval Base at Pearl Harbor brought the US into World War 2.

12,140 Questions
Pearl Harbor
War and Military History
Japan in WW2

Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

not to sound smart, but amricans cut oil supply and japan got mad. then, the plans to attack pearl harbor came in to play and then, it was on. they, wanted to bomb perl harbor to get back to america.so, they bombed, and bombed and sank almost every ship in the harbor and destroyed almost every building in sight.... sad!!!
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World War 2
Pearl Harbor
War and Military History

When did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

Sunday, December 7, 1941 at 7:55 AM.

The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii, was aimed at the Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy and its defending Army Air Forces and Marine air forces. The U.S. public saw the attack as a treacherous act and rallied against the Imperial Japan, causing the United States to enter World War II. Since the attack was on Sunday, the US was undermanned.

The attack damaged or destroyed 12 American warships, destroyed 188 aircraft, and killed 2,403 American servicemen and 68 civilians.

By 10 A.M. the last attack wave was on it's way back to the aircraft carriers that they took off from. A surprise attack, that went off smoothly and caught the Americans asleep .

It was not by chance that the attack was timed for early on a Sunday morning. The Japanese had studied the habits of the US navy and knew that many men would be drunk and sleeping it off by that time. Many more would be " in town " and unable to take part in the defence of their ships.

This attack has also been called the Bombing of Pearl Harbor and the Battle of Pearl Harbor but, most commonly, the Attack on Pearl Harbor or simply Pearl Harbor

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US in WW2
Pokemon Diamond Pearl and Platinum

How do you unlock the third island in pearl?

Oops. You get to New Moon Island by getting the Member's Card from a Nintendo Event and entering the Inn in Canalave City. You also have to enable mystery gift.

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Public Health and Safety
Philippines Politics and Society

What are the main functions of the dpwh?

Functions

The Department of Public Works and Highways functions as the engineering and construction arm of the Government tasked to continuously develop its technology for the purpose of ensuring the safety of all infrastructure facilities and securing for all public works and highways the highest efficiency and quality in construction.

DPWH is currently responsible for the planning, design, construction and maintenance of infrastructure, especially the national highways, flood control and water resources development system, and other public works in accordance with national development objectives.

See the link below for more information.

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US in WW2

How many ships were damaged or sunk by Kamikazes in World War 2?

Damaged Ships

Here are opinions and answers from FAQ Farmers:

  • Kamikaze aircraft sank 26 US naval vessels and damaged 164 others during WW2.
  • Various accounts put the losses to kamikazes at the Battle for Okinawa alone at 21 ships sunk, 217 damaged (43 to the point of being written off). One Air Force sanctioned source claims that over the course of the war kamikazes sank 34 U.S. Navy ships and damaged 368 others. The British Navy also took kamikaze losses.
  • Your question sounds familiar. I seem to remember responding to such a query a number of months ago where someone's grandfather on the Randolph was working on planes on the(hanger or flight )deck when the ship was hit by a kamikaze. Perhaps it was you -- perhaps not. I was on a ship anchored close to the starboard side of the Randolph in Ulithi harbor when she was hit. The plane roared just yards over our superstructure before hitting the Randolph. It happened just as it was getting dark. The kamikaze was reported to have come from the island of Yak -- an island that had been bypassed by U.S. forces. Fortunately the damage to the carrier was repaired and she made it to Okinawa in time to cover the landings and bombard the island.
  • No US aircraft carriers were sunk by Kamikazi. Not one, "Big Ben" was the most heavily damaged..
  • http://www.navsource.org/archives/03/063.htm (USS St. Lo)
  • http://www.navsource.org/archives/03/079.htm (USS Ommaney Bay)
  • http://www.navsource.org/archives/03/095.htm (USS Bismarck Sea)
  • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cohort
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Japan in WW2

Was Attack on Pearl Harbor a war crime?

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was not a war crime but rather an act of conventional warfare. See dictionary definition of war crime.

n.

Any of various crimes, such as genocide or the mistreatment of prisoners of war, committed during a war and considered in violation of the conventions of warfare.

war criminal war criminal n.

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World War 1

Did Pearl Harbor get hit in World War 1 or 2?

In World War Two Pearl Harbor was attacked by imperialist japan

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How many families were affected by Pearl Harbor?

Hundreds of thousands, if not millions, were affected by Pearl Harbor, as many men left their families to join the army. About 4,000 people were killed in the actual attack.

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Japan

What factors led to the attack on Pearl Harbor and the war between Japan and the US?

Well, Japan needed resources and we wouldn't really trade oil with them, Japanese didn't want US to join the war so they felt if they attacked then we wouldn't really fight back. Also, the Japanese felt they could beat the US. But you have to remember, there was a depression world wide and Japan needed their resources.

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Oceania

Can your wife live with you on Guam Naval Base?

Yes, but you have to have command sponsorship and be screened for overseas screening

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Geography
Hawaii
Islands

What county is Oahu Hawaii in?

Honolulu.

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Japan in WW2
US in WW2
Japan

When did the us navy blockade japan?

The US Navy did not ever "blockage" Japan in the traditional sense, where one nation stations naval forces off another's coast, and declares that no ship from any nation may travel to the blockaded country.

However, what it did do, was initiate a "de-facto" blockage of the Japanese Home Islands via unrestricted submarine warfare. That is, starting in 1942 after the declaration of war following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US Navy's submarine force attempted to destroy the Japanese Merchant Marine, and thus effectively cripple the Japanese importation of goods, and virtually all trade with Japan was done on Japanese-flagged vessels.

The US Navy was spectacularly successful in this regard. By mid-1944, the Japanese Merchant Marine was effectively extinct, and by 1945, even the coastal freighters which carried goods between Japanese cities had been exterminated.

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Why did Japan attack the US in December 1941?

The US stopped exporting steel, aviation fuel, and scrap iron to Japan. Japan got mad and allied with Germany and Italy and eventually Japan attacked the US. On the day of Dec. 7, 1941, diplomats from Japan were meeting with Congress in Washington to make peace with the US. Well, as that was going on, Japanese fighter planes attacked Pearl Harbor.

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Pearl Harbor

What is Tzanck preparation?

Procedure in which skin cells from a blister are stained and examined under the microscope. Visualization of large skin cells with many.nuclei indicates a positive diagnosis of herpes zoster when combined with results from a physical examination.

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Australia in WW2

What happened before the Pearl Harbor attack?

:

Japan and the United States were in the process of peace talks when Japan launched their attack on Pearl Harbor. The Japanese did give the American people medals. The Americans put the medals on bombs that were dropped on Japan in the months following the attack on Pearl Harbor.

No one knew except the Japanese. It was basically a surprise attack, although the U.S sensed the Japanese on radar. By the time they could figure out what was happening, the bombings began.

Before the Pearl Harbor Attack, there was already tension between the Japanese and the Americans as America had stopped trading oil, which was vital to the Japanese, and was putting pressure on Japan for invading other South East Asian countries, which the Americans did not want to happen.

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What were the cons of attacking Pearl Harbor?

There were a very large number of drawbacks and perils in the Pearl Harbor attack for Japan. So many, in fact, that the only reason the attack was made was the force of Admiral Yamamoto's personality. What Japan was after was a free hand in Asia, freedom to continue their invasion in China, and, specifically, to make their next move unmolested. Japanese aggression in China had severely strained US-Japanese relations. Then the Japanese moved into French Indochina (Vietnam) after France was overrun by Germany, adding further strain. The Japanese had now set their sights on the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia). This was a vital step in Japan's plan. The East Indies had tremendous oil reserves. Japan has no internal source of oil, and the US had embargoed oil sales to Japan in the summer of 1941. The Japanese had only eighteen months worth of oil in reserve, and the embargo made the choice plain - either give up on the dream of empire, to which Japan felt entitled, and comply with US demands to cease aggression and conquest, or come up with another source of oil. With the military in control of Japan this was no choice at all, and the Dutch East Indies were going to be invaded. This was the main operation, the one which absolutely HAD to succeed for Japan to continue with its plans.

The Japanese decision to attack Pearl Harbor was based on an assumption - that the US would go to war with Japan if Japan invaded any more countries, say, for instance, the Dutch East Indies. Whether the US would have gone to war over Japan invading a Dutch colony is far from certain. The military leaders controlling Japan did not completely understand that Franklin Roosevelt did not have the power they did, to take his nation to war whenever he might wish. The Japanese assumed that the US would go to war with them when they made their "southern" move into the Dutch East Indies, and this was the basis of the decision to attack Pearl Harbor. Yamamoto knew he could not win a long or protracted contest with the US. Yamamoto had served in the US as a Naval Attache at the Japanese Embassy, and he was a Harvard man. He knew the US had much more power than Japan. The only chance Japan had, as Yamamoto analyzed the situation, was to strike such a blow to the US fleet in the Pacific that the US would be powerless to interfere with Japan's wars of conquest for at least six months. This would allow time for Japan to complete its conquests, and the US would then face the prospect of a daunting and long effort to dislodge Japan, and might allow Japan to keep what it had won.

So that's one BIG drawback to the Japanese plan. There was no certainty whatsoever that the US would have gone to war with Japan over any Asian aggression. The only way to make certain that the US would go to war with Japan was to attack the US directly, as the Japanese did, when they attacked to disable the US Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor.

Many Japanese felt the Pearl Harbor plan was an unnecessary elaboration of their already complex and widespread southern plans. The attack on Hawaii would tie up the majority of Japan's carrier strength, and the Japanese expected they would lose half the carriers committed to Operation Hawaii. The Japanese had a limited number of carriers and using them in an attack on Hawaii meant they would not be available for supporting the main operation. Japanese strategy had envisioned a climactic battle with the US in the western Pacific, an all-out, do-or-die battle to determine the fate of their nation, in the event war came with the US. For this reason their ships had limited radius of operations - they lacked fuel capacity to sail to Hawaii and back without being refueled. The Japanese Navy had not practiced refueling at sea while underway, except of destroyers. Only two of the six carriers could make the round trip without refueling. Seven tankers sailed with the attack force to refuel the fleet while underway. In order to avoid detection while in transit to Hawaii the Japanese had to sail east across the North Pacific, then turn south for Hawaii, avoiding usual shipping lanes. The North Pacific weather in December in unpredictable but generally stormy, with massive seas and fog. It was far from certain that underway refueling would be possible.

The Japanese could not be certain that the US fleet would even be in Pearl Harbor when their attack arrived overhead. Japanese spies had reported that the US fleet had established a pattern of half its ships in port while the other half was at sea, with the largest number in port on the weekend. But no one could be certain that major fleet units would be in port when the attack went off. In the event, the US carriers were absent, most unfortunately for Japan.

The Japanese knew they had to have secrecy and approach undetected for the attack to succeed. At the last meeting before the fleet sortied, Yamamoto warned that the fleet might have to fight its way to the position to launch its attack.

The Japanese could not be certain that the US would not have taken the sensible precaution of surrounding the ships in Pearl Harbor with torpedo nets. The most devastating weapon in a carriers arsenal was the torpedo, launched from the largest carrier aircraft of the day, torpedo bombers. The US did not use torpedo nets in Pearl Harbor, because the Harbor is shallow, no more than forty feet deep. Torpedoes generally dived to a depth of seventy-five feet or more when dropped, so the US admirals believed aerial torpedo attack impossible within Pearl Harbor. So did the Japanese, and it took most of 1941 to train torpedo plane pilots to come in low enough to drop specially modified torpedoes which did most of the damage in the attack.

Carriers embarked torpedo bombers, dive bombers and fighters. Dive bombers dropped 500 lb bombs. These would not go through the thick deck armor of US battleships, and might cause damage on the weather deck, but nothing vital. The Japanese solved this problem by using torpedo bombers as high level bombers, which dropped specially modified one ton battleship armor-piercing shells as bombs. It was one of these which sank the USS Arizona. The high-level torpedo bombers also had to practice and develop special tactics for most of 1941 to achieve success.

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What caused the attack on Pearl Harbor to happen?

First opinion:

This has been said to be for many reasons. The reason that is the most common, and to be thought in historical manuscript, Pearl Harbor was attacked due to Japan's lack of territory in the war. Most of the major areas wer controlled by Germany, Great Britian, or Poland. This left the U.S. Naval Base of Pearl Harbor, as well as other stations in Hawaii and Alaska. The Japanese had attacked the harbor, hoping to be able to have a large area of control during the war. This, however, had done the opposite. The United States had declared war on Japan, and they had lost control of the harbor after a 2-Year time-span.

Another opinion:

The Japanese attacked the US military units at Pearl Harbor, and at other places across the Pacific Ocean, to prevent the United States from interfering in Japanese plans to conquer the Dutch East Indies, Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, and the rest of South Asia. This was part of Japan's overall strategic goal of conquering China. The resources of South Asia (primarily oil & rubber) had to be seized so that Japan's war machine could be kept functioning. The United States had stopped selling oil to Japan because of Japan's aggressions in China and Japan's recent seizure of French Indo-China.

Bottom-line: The Japanese Army controlled the Japanese government and was obsessed with the idea of conquering all of China. The United States was trying to prevent this from happening. The Japanese thought the best way to stop the interference was to destroy as much of the US Navy's battleships, carriers & cruisers in the Pacific as possible in the surprise attack and then hope that this set-back & others would convince Americans that the fight was not worth it, and the US would negotiate a settlement with Japan.

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World War 1

What were the most important battles of World War 2?

ANSWER

1. Fall of France 1940 - Hitler becomes the master of Europe

2. Battle of Britain 1940 - British manage to stay in the war

3. Battle for Moscow 1941 - First major defeat of German army on the ground. End of Nazi Blitz victories

4. Pearl Harbor 1941 - Japan advances in Pacific. US joins the war

5. Battle of Midway 1942 - Turning point of the war in Pacific

6. Stalingrad 1942-43 - Great defeat of Germans in Russia, the turning point of World War II

7. Battle of Kursk Salient 1943 - The biggest tank battle of the war starts Russian general offensive

8. D-Day 1944 - Allies open Second Front against Germany in Europe

9. Operation Bagration 1944 - Russian "blitz" offensive destroys German Army Group Center

10. Fall of Berlin 1945 - Russians take Berlin ending war with Germany

ANSWER

The most important battles of WWII were: The Battle of Britain, The Battle of the Atlantic, Pearl Harbor, The Battle of Stalingrad, The Battle of Berlin, The Battle of Iwo Jima, and the Battle of the Bulge.

Every single battle of WWII was significant in some way. But, some of the more well know battles that can be considered the turning points of the war.

The Battle of Britain (and this view is controversial) may not have been the only reason that Britain was not invaded. the German navy never managed to gain control of the channel and although air cover was important it is unlikely that an invasion fleet would have been launched whilst the Royal Navy could wreak havoc amongst the landing force.

The Battle of the Atlantic, by contrast, was absolutely life and death for the allied campaign. Without the constant resupply of food, men, ammunition and materiel from the US, Britain would have had no option but to surrender. Had the U boats managed to cut the sea lanes, and had the secret code Enigma not been cracked, it is likely that Hitler would have won on the Western Front and then been able to turn his full attention to the Eastern Front.

The Battle of the Bulge was one of the most deadliest and bloodiest battles of all the battles fought by the Western allies during World War 2. It accomplished little after the German's began their offensive. It was a long battle that was conducted in the freezing winter.

The Battle of Stalingrad was the longest and worst battle as the Red Army strove to defeat the Nazis. Nearly million were injured or died in that many months long battle. Old Man Winter helped the Red Army defeat the Nazi army and that was the turning point in the Eastern Front. The Nazis were not adequately resupplied. They did not have winter clothing that could withstand 20 below zero temperatures. They did not have enough food, medicine, ammo or replacements. So as they froze to death or starved to death the Red Army managed to lob enough barrages to make a difference. Hitler did not and could not resupply his troops at the end.

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Large Ships

What carries no weight but can sink a ship?

a hole.

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World War 2
Pearl Harbor
US in WW2
Japan

Why did Japan attack the US at Pearl Harbor?

The plan was to knock out the US Pacific Fleet as a significant fighting force, so their would be no opposition to Japan's conquest of Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. They thought that once they had conquered all that territory that we would be unable to dislodge them from it even if we did rebuild the fleet.

The Economic Basis for the Attack

Japan already faced a US oil embargo, part of an international movement to isolate Japan economically, and thus force them to withdraw from China. Primarily the US plan was to cut off credit to the Japanese which would prevent them from being able to purchase petroleum. Japan received petroleum (an absolutely vital economic and military commodity, then as it is now) from three sources: The US, the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) and Burma (controlled by the British in the 1940's).

Japan would not accept a withdrawal from the Chinese war and instead began planning a first strike against the US Navy. Eliminating or reducing the American naval forces in the Pacific would make the Japanese navy paramount, and thus Japan would be able to ignore the economic consequences of the US ultimatum. After eliminating the US Navy, Japan planned to occupy the Dutch East Indies and Burma, thus gaining control of enough oil to run their military and economy.

The strike on Pearl Harbor did exactly as was hoped by the Japanese. The US battleship fleet was crippled. The Dutch lacked forces to repel the Japanese. The British navy (as ordered by Churchill) sent forces to defend their areas but these were totally inadequate for the job, and were decimated quickly. Japan occupied all the oil-producing areas and settled down to a war of attrition against the US, which they hoped would wear down the US politically and enable them to keep their conquests. The flaw was that they did not find the US aircraft carriers, the counter to those of Japan, and that they left Pearl Harbor's repair and construction facilities only partly damaged. Soon the fleet was repaired, and the US aircraft carriers proved their worth, sinking three of the Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway.

Expectations of the Japanese for the Attack

The Japanese were expecting their results of the attack cripple the U. S. Pacific Fleet for a period of up to eighteen months, preventing aggressive action against imperial forces, with the fleet to later be drawn out into a final battle and destroyed. The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Navy and Air force so they could proceed in conquering China. The Japanese believed that if they were successful in destroying US ships and aircraft, they would then have enough time to complete the conquest of China and the western Pacific islands.

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Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in a gamble to knock America out of a future war their military government knew was inevitable, given strong American disagreement to their actions of taking over East Asia (and the atrocities performed there such as the "Rape of Nanking"). Through the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan did not hope to defeat America, only to gain enough time to dominate the Pacific, a strategic advantage America could not easily overcome.

This failed, however, as the two aircraft carriers were on routine maneuvers, and so were not destroyed in the attack. This led to the eventual downfall of the Japanese Empire.

There are many reasons as to why Japan attacked Pearl Harbor but there is only one major reason, which has to do with American intervention in Japanese affairs. One of these was where the U.S. prohibited exports of steel, scrap iron and fuel to Japan because of the takeover of northern Indochina. Another reason was when Japan took over the rest of Indochina and the US once again took action. This time they made oil unavailable to the Japanese, making both their air force and navy completely useless. Because of all of this invention by America, the Japanese military decided that they had to get rid of the Pacific fleet because the Americans would surely intervene and cause them more trouble. Once this was done they could start their war plan to take over Burma, Malaya, the East Indies, and the Philippines.

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It is also worth mentioning that both America and Japan had joined the war effort on rival sides prior to Pearl Harbor, though America had not of course declared war. Japan signed a mutual defensive pact with Germany and Italy in September 1940 and the Lend-Lease Act tied America to the Allies from March 1941.

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America had been declaring neutrality since World War I as that war was so devastating that citizens wanted to just stay out of world affairs. Yet America was still a superpower and a threat to the Axis powers (Japan, Germany, etc.) At the time, Japan was one of the largest naval powers if not the most powerful. About the only country that Japan had anything to worry about was America, who was still not involved officially in the war. America at this time was tettering on the edge of entering the war so Japan had the plan to attack first and destroy our naval fleet quickly. Hence the attack on Pearl Harbor.

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Japan is dependent on trade. Japan is an island and needs raw materials. The US used to trade oil and many other things Japan's economy needed. When the war started, the US closed it's trade with Asia. Japan was desperate. They need raw materials. Because the US threatened to cut of their supply of raw materials, Japan wanted to prevent the US from further interference.

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With the US taking sides in Europe but not yet officially in the war, Japan decided to attack the US before it was prepared. The US Navy posed a severe threat to the Japanese conquest of the western Pacific.

The thinking at the time was that the Pacific War would culminate in a decisive battle between the Japanese and US Navies. Japanese leaders recognized the potential of the US war machine and decided to stage an attack on Pearl Harbor, with the goal of reducing the Pacific Fleet's capability to wage war and to delay or weaken any US offensive. Although the attack was a significant risk, the Japanese naval leaders such as Admiral Yamamoto believed the risks were necessary if Japan were to succeed in avoiding US intervention in Asia.
Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

The primary reason for Japan's attack (on the US, the British Empire & the Dutch) was the Japanese Army's obsession with their on-going brutal conquest of China. The United States had been taking diplomatic and economic steps against Japan for several years to convince (or force) the Japanese to end their war of conquest in Asia. The Japanese Army actually controlled the Japanese Government since the early 1930's. The Japanese Army refused to end its war of conquest & extreme brutality in China.

Beyond China, the Japanese Army had plans to take advantage of the weakness of the British, French, Dutch & Soviet Union in Asia because of Hitler's conquests in Europe. The Japanese wanted to be free of American interference, and create a vast Asian empire that would have eventually included China, eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Korea, Formosa, Indo-China, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, & New Guinea; and possibly India.

The Japanese military thought that the best way to keep the United States from interfering in their plans in Asia, was to deliver a surprise attack on various US bases throughout the Pacific to do as much damage to the US military capability in the Pacific. At Pearl Harbor, they intended to sink as many battleships, cruisers & aircraft carriers as possible. At Manila they intended to follow-up with an invasion and capture of the Philippines. At Wake Island they intended to seize the island. The Japanese also attacked the bases, ships & troops of the British Empire. All this was intended to persuade the United States & Britain to negotiate a settlement giving the Japanese most of the western Pacific territories, and most of Asia. They hoped that the US & Britain would not want to fight a prolonged & costly war in Asia to liberate what territory the Japanese could capture in the first six months of the war.
They did it to secure control of East Asia before US could respond.
to get to the other side

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Japan in WW2

Why did Japan attack the US in 1941?

The immediate reason for the attacks on Pearl Harbor and other targets in the Pacific and Southeast Asia was that Japan was facing an embargo of strategic materials, especially oil and steel, both of which it needed to persue it's war aims. At that time the US was a major supplier of oil and metals to Japan, and we had embargoed both oil and steel due to the Japanese war in China. At the time of Pearl Harbor, Japan had an approximatly six month supply of oil, so they were hoping to decisively defeat US (and British, Dutch, and French colonial forces as well) quickly enough to force a peace treaty favorable to themselves. Their attack on Pearl Harbor, while destructive, did not stop US Pacific Fleet operations as they had hoped, and while Japan did gain substantial victories all across southeast Asia and the Pacific region, they failed completly to create a situation which would have compelled a surrender or armistice by either the US or Britain.

Japan was trying to become the dominant, imperial power in East Asia and the Pacific. They had invaded China in 1933 and were preparing to conquer Indochina, Maylasia, India and the Pacific islands. they wanted to control all these territories so that they could use the raw materials in them for their own industries. The United States had been growing steadily more opposed to the Japanese expansion. They knew that if they attacked those other countries we might go to war to stop them. So they decided to attack us first. They hoped they could cripple us so we could not oppose them while they grabbed as much territory as they could and that once they had the territory we would make peace and let them keep it. The first part of their plan worked. They were able to take huge amounts of territory in early 1942 because we weren't strong enough to stop them. But their sneak attack had made us mad, very mad. So, we didn't make peace, we made war. They were unable to destroy our remaining strength and we were able to build so many ships and planes and guns and everything else you need for war that we could arm ourselves and the British and the Russians and adopt a "Germany first" strategy and still completely defeat Japan into the bargain. One statistic tells the tale. Before the war both Japan and the united States had both been building about one aircraft carrier a year. From 1942 to 1945 the Japanese built four more. That was all they could do, one a year. In that same three and a half year span the United States commissioned over one hundred aircraft carriers. Michael Montagne To understand why Japan lashed out, we must go back to World War I. Japan had been our ally. But when she tried to collect her share of the booty at Versailles, she ran into an obdurate Woodrow Wilson. Wilson rejected Japan's claim to German concessions in Shantung, home of Confucius, which Japan had captured at a price in blood. Tokyo threatened a walkout if denied what she had been promised by the British. "They are not bluffing," warned Wilson, as he capitulated. "We gave them what they should not have." In 1921, at the Washington Naval Conference, the United States pressured the British to end their 20-year alliance with Japan. By appeasing the Americans, the British enraged and alienated a proud nation that had been a loyal friend. Japan was now isolated, with Stalin's brooding empire to the north, a rising China to the east and, to the south, Western imperial powers that detested and distrusted her. When civil war broke out in China, Japan in 1931 occupied Manchuria as a buffer state. This was the way the Europeans had collected their empires. Yet, the West was "shocked, shocked" that Japan would embark upon a course of "aggression." Said one Japanese diplomat, "Just when we learn how to play poker, they change the game to bridge." Japan now decided to create in China what the British had in India � a vast colony to exploit that would place her among the world powers. In 1937, after a clash at Marco Polo Bridge near Peking, Japan invaded and, after four years of fighting, including the horrific Rape of Nanking, Japan controlled the coastal cities, but not the interior. When France capitulated in June 1940, Japan moved into northern French Indochina. And though the United States had no interest there, we imposed an embargo on steel and scrap metal. After Hitler invaded Russia in June 1941, Japan moved into southern Indochina. FDR ordered all Japanese assets frozen. But FDR did not want to cut off oil. As he told his Cabinet on July 18, an embargo meant war, for that would force oil-starved Japan to seize the oil fields of the Dutch East Indies. But a State Department lawyer named Dean Acheson drew up the sanctions in such a way as to block any Japanese purchases of U.S. oil. By the time FDR found out, in September, he could not back down. Tokyo was now split between a War Party and a Peace Party, with the latter in power. Prime Minister Konoye called in Ambassador Joseph Grew and secretly offered to meet FDR in Juneau or anywhere in the Pacific. According to Grew, Konoye was willing to give up Indochina and China, except a buffer region in the north to protect her from Stalin, in return for the U.S. brokering a peace with China and opening up the oil pipeline. Konoye told Grew that Emperor Hirohito knew of his initiative and was ready to give the order for Japan's retreat. Fearful of a "second Munich," America spurned the offer. Konoye fell from power and was replaced by Hideki Tojo. Still, war was not inevitable. U.S. diplomats prepared to offer Japan a "modus vivendi." If Japan withdrew from southern Indochina, the United States would partially lift the oil embargo. But Chiang Kai-shek became "hysterical," and his American adviser, one Owen Lattimore, intervened to abort the proposal. Facing a choice between death of the empire or fighting for its life, Japan decided to seize the oil fields of the Indies. And the only force capable of interfering was the U.S. fleet that FDR had conveniently moved from San Diego out to Honolulu. Japan was trying to expand in Asia. Their population had doubled and they needed raw materials for their emerging industries. The U.S. tried to negotiate with Japan and offered to help them find raw materials if they would stop their expansionist policies. However, Japan refused believing that the U.S. was not in a position to tell them what to do. The U.S. then embargoed several items such as scrap metal in order to make Japan stop. At this point, Japan saw the U.S. as the major factor in trying to halt their quest for more land. Although the Japanese leaders believed that they would eventually have to face U.S. in a war, they believed that attacking Pearl Harbor would give them at least a year before doing so. I can scarcely attempt to improve on the answer that begins 'To understand why Japan lashed out.......' as that is most coherent response to this question I have ever seen. Alternatively, there is the 'John Wayne movie' response that beings with 'Japan was trying........'. As an addition to the first response as noted above I would like to add a few comments. When two powers are both trying to influence or expand into an area, conflict is almost inevitable. When reading and trying to understand history, try and look past the juvenile good guy/bad guy routines. All nations are looking out for their own best interest. That Japan in WWII attacked several of its neighbors no more makes them a bad nation than it does the USA for destroying their various neighbors and competitors on the North American continent. These conflicts are the natural result for any situation that has dynamic expanding powers. Japan in WWII was looking out for its best interest. That included its elemental need for petroleum and other imports. When looked at in the broader perspective, WWII was almost entirely about petroleum. Germany and Japan both ran their military campaigns with the fundamental desire to control oil fields. The USA was successful in WWII with its projection of power via its naval and air forces entirely due to having huge supplies of oil. That Italy was so inept in WWII is largely a result of oil shortages, lacking even those supplies necessary to sortie their Mediteranian fleet. Had these various factors been turned around I am cetain the USA would have gone to war (calling it 'preemptive' war) to take over the oil from Japanese or German spheres of control. That would not necessarily make the USA a 'bad' nation and Japan/German 'good' nations. It is just the natural course of human history as is being played out in 2006 just like it was in 1942. See the closely related questions linked to the right. See the closely related questions linked to the right.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JYvXTLEgKS4&feature=g-all-s

A documentary film describing the modern history of Japan from the Meiji Restoration to the Greater East Asian War (WW2).

Directed by Ryuichi Izumi.

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Was Pearl Harbor a cause or effect of World War 2?

technically you could argue that it could be either one. it could be "effect" because japan was already involved in ww2 before the u.s. and during the war they attacked pearl harbor, but it could also be a "cause" because it caused the united states to join the war and attack Japan. so if its for school idk which one they would want but if you tell them what i said they'll be impressed because you'll sound smart :) but if i was doing the worksheet i would put effect, but i would make sure i mentioned what i said above.

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How long did the attack on Pearl Harbor last?

The attack along Battleship Row began at 7:55 am, & by 10 am the last bombs had fallen at the various air bases on the island of Oahu.

110 minutes ~ 7:55am -9:45am

58 minutes according to Britannica Online

There are many different answers because the attack lasted different lengths of time at different locations. The 'Pearl Harbor' attack actually encompassed Pearl Harbor, Ford Island, Hickam Field, Schofield Barracks, and more. The attack was divided into three waves, each arriving at a slightly different time and departing separately.

Japanese commanders considered extending the attack but could not get the planes ready for launch until late afternoon, meaning they would be recovered after dark; they were not trained for this. An alternative was to maintain position and attack again on the 8th but the senior officers knew that to do so invited submarine attack and also that their ships did not have enough fuel to return home if they maneuvered another day. and that is one of the most crappy was to spend your morning.

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What happened after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor?

After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States got involved in WWII. If you want to know why Japan attacked Pearl Harbor see answer to question, Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?War was declared on Japan Dec 8th,Germany declared war on the US Dec 11th. And the US then declared war on Germany shortly thereafter.Japan then proceeded to run wild in the Pacific, capturing one island outpost after another and threatening Australia, and conquering the Dutch East Indies and parts of Korea, and all of the Philippines. Their expansion was checked at the Battle of Midway,one of the most important battles of WWII, after which the Japanese remained on the defensive, until the end of the war in August, 1945.Japanese-American people got sent to relocation camps.Japan attacked Luzon, Philippines on that very same day. It's just that the international date line made it seem like Pearl Harbor was attacked on dec. 7, 1941, and then the Philippines were attacked the next day (dec. 8, 1941). That's when the whole Bataan Death March happened and everything.yes, they did get sent to "relocation camps" a.k.a internment camps but a lot more happened, EVERYONE in the united states who was Japanese, where guilty until proven innocent...even people who lived in the US for MANY years were considered terrorists...so they were sent to internment camps or were forced to go back to japan. The United States declared war on Japan. Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. We reciprocated. Japan overran the Philippines, much of the South and West Pacific and Indochina in about six months. Then we stopped them at the Battle of Midway. Then we, along with our allies who were largely supplied by us, preceded to pound these enemies into powder.

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How many people are on an aircraft carrier?

escorts 500-1000, fleet carriers 1500-3500, modern nimitz class 5000+

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