Sputnik was the name given to a series of Soviet satellites sent into earth's orbit. Sputnik 1 was the world's first artificial satellite, launched on October 4, 1957.

1,698 Questions
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When was sputnik launched?

The Sputnik I (Russian: Спутник I) was launched at 19:28:34 UTC, on October 4, 1957, from Site No.1 at NIIP-5 by the Soviet Union.

It weighed 183 pounds and only took 98 minutes to orbit the Earth. It was the beginning of a new space age. The public from Europe to the U.S. feared the Soviet's launching satellites could change into launching ballistic missiles that could carry nuclear weapons. On November 3, 1957, Sputnik II was launched carrying a dog named 'Laika.'

The first US satellite was Explorer I on January 31, 1958.


What did Sputnik do?

Sputnik satellites were a series of space vehicles sent up into space by the Soviets. Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite, sent up in October 1957, really just to test the feasibility of a man made satellite. Sputnik 1 stayed in low orbit around the earth for 3 months before re-entering and burning up through the earths atmosphere. Further Sputnik vehicles took animals and men into space, or took probes to Venus and Mars.


There were several Sputniks, with Sputnik 1 being the most famous.

Sputnik 1 wasn't really meant to do much, it was mainly an experiment to see if:

- something could be launched into space and achieve orbit

- if something could be built to keep operating up there

- to show off what the then Soviet Union could do

- oh, and it kept sending a beep on radio, so that people all over the world could hear it on their radio sets as it passed above.

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Who went on the Sputnik 1 spacecraft?

Sputnik one had only radio equipment on it.

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Who invented Sputnik 1?

Sputnik 1 was created by the Soviet Union, the Russians

The team was lead by Sergei Korolev

(He was the Chief Designer)

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Why was sputnik built?

Sputnik 1 and the other space satellites were the cumination of an effort by the USSR to gain dominance in the use of Earth orbits. In addition to improving reconnaisance, navigation, and weather forecasting, satellites would yield valuable scientific data for military use (including the interaction of the Earth's magnetic field with communications transmission). During the Cold War with the US, each side sought an edge in technology, including space exploitation.
The principal scientific purpose for Sputnik was to study the density of the upper atmosphere.

Google Earth
Hubble Space Telescope

Where is past years satellite images available online?

For past years earth-based satellite imagery in Google Earth you can select 'Historical Imagery' under View menu. This shows a timeline slider from which to select available satellite and aerial imagery from the past.

NASA also provides vast archives of satellite imagery much of which are available online such as the NASA Image Gallery

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What was the impact of Sputnik on the Americans?

Americans were worried. A country that could put a satellite into orbit round the earth obviously had the kind of rockets that could send a nuclear warhead thousands of miles. The National Defense Education Act was to increase of the math, science and education These event created NASA because of the passing of the National Aeronautics and Space Act.

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What is the difference between Sputnik the space probe to today's space shuttle?

Space Shuttles have people inside then but Sputnik don't

The two have just about nothing in common....they were both launched by rockets - although very different ones. It would be useful to check out the links to the left to see the huge difference.


How long did it take to build Sputnik?

Sputnik I was launched by Soviet Union on October 4,1957. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of the football.


The idea was first suggested in 1954 by Korolev, and development started in early 1956, so it took about a year and a half to build until launch in 1957.

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How did the us congress react to Sputnik?

They had many attempts at satellites and eventually made NASA.

Word and Phrase Origins
Name Origins

Where does the word kinky originate from?

Kinky comes from the word kink, meaning a (more or less permanent) twist in a rope. The word was first used as a jocular synonym for perverted around 1960.

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What was sputnik 1 made out of?

It was made out of AMG6T aluminum alloy 2mm thick

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What country was Sputnik 1 launched from?

Sputnik-1 was launched from site No.1, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now at the Baikonur Cosmodrome) Kazakhstan, former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Sputnik 1 was launched from Gagarin's Start which is the 5th Tyuratam range, located in Kazakhstan (A country of west-central Asia, south of Russia) where the Baikonor Cosmodrome is now.

The Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (U.S.S.R.)

Word and Phrase Origins
Name Origins

Where did the word tits originate?

Tit is a very old variant of the word teat, meaning nipple. Its usage for the human breast is also old, but is considered vulgar.

Humor (fiction): It may have also come from the inventor of the bra, who's last name was Titzling. The connection between his name, and the bra being a type of sling for ones breast. So, people called the bra a tit sling, hence the word tit originated.

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What was Sputnik?

Sputnik 1("Спутник-1" in Russian script) was the name given to the first man made object to be placed in an earth orbit.

The satellite was launched into an elliptical low earth orbit by the Soviet Union on 4th. of October 1957 and was the first in a series of satellites collectively known as the Sputnik program.

Sputnik was simply the missions launched by the USSR and then later by Russia

Below is another answer by a wiki user

Short answer: the Soviet Union launched three Sputnik missions (Sputnik 1, 2 & 3) and Russia launched two Sputnik missions (Sputnik 40 & 41). The Soviet Union launched a further fiveKorabl Sputnik missions (Korabl Sputnik 1 to 5). All other Sputnik missions are the West's brainchild.

The Soviet Union called the very first artificial satellite from October 4th 1957, Sputnik. Due to secrecy a lot of Soviet spacecraft were not publicly named and Western newspapers named different Soviet spacecraft Sputniks. When they reached high Sputnik numbers they realised that the Soviet Union already called their indefinite satellites for Cosmos.

The Vostok spacecraft were tested unmanned or with dogs and dummies (Ivan Ivanovic) asKorabl Sputniks (Sputnik ship) as Soviet designation.

Sputnik number: -- Year: -- mission:

  • 1 - 1957 - First artificial satellite
  • 2 - 1957 - Space Dog Laika
  • 3 - 1958 - Van Allen Belt research
  • 4 - 1960 - dummy Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 1)
  • 5 - 1960 - 2 dogs in a Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 2)
  • 6 - 1960 - 2 dogs in a Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 3)
  • 7 - 1961 - failed venus probe
  • 8 - 1961 - Venera 1 venus probe
  • 9 - 1961 - a dog and Ivan Ivanovic (Korabl Sputnik 4)
  • 10 - 1961 - a dog and Ivan Ivanovic (Korabl Sputnik 5)
  • 11 - 1961 - Yuri Gargarin (Vostok 1)
  • 12 - 1961 - Gherman Titov (Vostok 2)
  • 13 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 3)
  • 14 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 4)
  • 15 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 5)
  • 16 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 6)
  • 17 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 7)
  • 18 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 8)
  • 19 - 1962 - failed venus probe
  • 20 - 1962 - failed venus probe
  • 21 - 1962 - failed venus probe
  • 22 - 1963 - failed mars probe
  • 23 - 1963 - Mars 1 mars probe
  • 24 - 1963 - failed mars probe
  • 25 - 1963 - failed lunar lander
  • 33 - unsure
  • 40 - 1997 - 1/3 scale of Sputnik 1 launched from the MIR space station
  • 41 - 1998 - another 40 anniversary Sputnik 1

(Credit: Moon Cusser)

Artificial Satellites

What planet was sputnik 1 supposed to land?

No one.

It was launched into low-Earth orbit and stayed there until it fell back in the atmosphere and burned up.

Word and Phrase Origins
Name Origins

Where did the word 'stickler' originate?

A Stickler is someone who unyieldingly insists on something. The earliest Sticklers were umpires or referees at wrestling or fencing matches. The word comes from the Anglo-Saxon 'Stihtan' - to arrange or regulate. I must admit I had a good idea where it came from. I saw an article in our 1860 newspapers about Cornish wrestling and the referees were called "sticklers". So I presumed it was a Cornish word but maybe it had currency in Wales and Ireland too.

Harry Truman

What were some major astronomical discoveries made in the 1930's?

  1. The discovery of Pluto by Claud Tombaugh
History of Science
Artificial Satellites

How big was a Sputnik?

Not sure what you're asking... technically Sputnik was a part of the Russian space program (like Apollo was part of the U.S. space program). Sputnik in Russian literally means "co-traveler" or "satellite".

The program started in 1957 with Sputnik 1 (about 23 inches in diameter, weighing in at about 183 lbs). Sputnik 2was a 13' by 6.6' cone shaped capsule, large enough to carry the first living animal in space (a dog named Laika). Sputnik 3was a slightly smaller cone (11.7' x 5.6').

Word and Phrase Origins
Sony Ericsson Phones

What language does the word 'piccolo' originate from?

According to the American Heritage

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What agency was created after sputnik?


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How long did Sputnik Orbit the earth?

Sputnik with its puppy dog passenger( Laika ) was launched in October 1957, and remained in orbit until early 1958, when it reentered EarthÂ’s atmosphere and burned up

Sputnik 1 was in orbit for 3 months, completing 1440 orbits.

Sputnik 2, Laika's flight, was in orbit for 162 days. There were other missions, but these two, especially Sputnik 1, were the ones to capture the world's - especially the US'- attention.

Word and Phrase Origins
Name Origins

Where did the word Reebok originate from?

The name comes from Afrikaans/Dutch spelling of rhebok, a type of African antelope or gazelle. The company, founded in 1895, was originally called Mercury Sports but was renamed Reebok in 1958.

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Is sputnik 1 still in orbit?

No. Sputnik 1 burned up on 4 January 1958, as it fell from orbit upon reentering Earth's atmosphere

Space Shuttle
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Which elements did mendeleev leave spaces for in his periodic table?

Gallium, Silicon and Aluminum




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