This category is for questions related to the personal requirements of Astronautical missions. The training, living accommodations, and working conditions both on the Earth and in space are discussed here. For further information on a particular astronaut, please see the name in question.

5,641 Questions

How do astronauts use the bathroom in space?

Very carefully. Space bathroom technology has come a long way over the years (there was a time when astronauts only had adhesive plastic bags as bathrooms), but it's still not exactly comfortable. Aboard the International Space Station, the toilets are designed with no gravity in mind—they use funnels, narrow openings, and vacuums to make sure the waste is contained.

Astronauts even go through special toilet training to make sure they can use the space potty properly, since it's kind of fragile and very expensive—NASA bought one for $19 million in 2008.

Urinary System

What happens if you drink urine?

In the short term it can be useful if you are very short of water.

In the long term it just puts back the poisons which have been carfeully extracted from your body.
Some scientists believe that drinking your urine can make you much healthier than you are...

So,drinking your urine can may improve your health and and perhaps help to fight many diseases too...Just remember there is no documented evidence to support any therapeutic benefits from drinking urine at this point. It is almost all water with a few minerals etc that are readily available elsewhere & has no magic ingredient(s). It is sterile though, so if you must drink it to stay alive-you could.
Remember that urine is one of the processes by which the body gets rid of waste products. In the particular case, urea from the metabolism of protein, excess salts, and other waste products.

In the Far East, drinking of urine is a not a rare practice, but in western eyes it has little to recommend it.

Aron Ralston, (127 Hours Beteen a Rock and a Hard Place) whilst canyoning in Utah in 2003, had his arm jammed by a falling rock, and several days later had to self-amputate his lower arm. Out only for a day trip, his water had long gone, and tried to drink his urine. Even in his extremis, he does not recommend the practice.

As to what happens, you'll only concentrate the salts and urea you should be trying to get rid of. If your water intake is adequate, you'll do OK, but otherwise, it will not improve your circumstance.

You can drink pee provided that you supplement it with water and food. There have been some people that drank urine as a health supplement: Mahatma Gandhi for one. There are some arguments for it being beneficial.

However you cannot drink just urine continuously without fatal effects. This is an option with shipwrecked sailors. In 'Mutiny on the Bounty' the death of four sailors is recorded from their choosing this option.

Many times seafaring peoples have been lost at sea, afloat without benefit of fresh water (potable fresh water) for the purpose of drinking, only to find that the consumption of saltwater acts as a diuretic, causing one's body to pass more liquid than it takes in. The overload of salt also acts on the brain physiologically to cause irrational thought patterns to surface.

Space Travel and Exploration

How can I become an astronaut?

The good news is, NASA is hiring! They want to get back to the moon by 2024, and they’ll need new astronauts to do it.

The bad news is there are a limited number of jobs, and the qualifications are pretty intense. In addition to a bachelor’s degree, you also must have a master’s degree or two years of PhD work in specific STEM areas. You also qualify if you’re a medical doctor or if you’ve begun or completed a test pilot program. From there, you also need to fit into one of the areas of specialization (two years of biological and medical science, physical science, or engineering and operations work experience, or fit their pilot qualifications).

And of course, you’ll have to be okay with the “extensive travel” required.

History of Ireland

Who was Michael Collins?

Michael CollinsMicheal Collins (1890-1922) was one of the most influencial figures in the Irish rebellion against England, leading to the separation of the Irish Free State. After the Easter Rising, Collins, officially acting as Minister of Finance under the newly erected Sinn Fein government, organized groups of volunteer guerillas to carry out assassinations, ambushes, and other important strikes against the British occupational forces. Between the success of Collins' ventures and the public campaigning of DeValera and his deputies, Great Britain agreed to a hold negotiations, resulting in the separation between the Irish Free State and the Ulster Provisional Government. Collins, having been on the negotiation team, drew a large amount of criticism for the treaty. He was elected Chairman of the Provisional Government, and commanded the northern forces during the subsequent civil war, battling former comrades fighting with the Republican army. Collins was travelling on a peace mission through his own hometown in West Cork, when his convoy was ambushed at Beal na mBlath, near Bandon, on August 22. 1922. He was killed by a single shot through the head.

Miceal is the Gaelic version of Michael and the Micheal version is just a twist on it, ie he is the Irish rebellion leader Michael Collins (English ) miceal Ocolleain (Gaelic version)

Michael Collins was the most important Irish military leader during the War of Idependence. Born in Co.Cork in 1890, he went to London at the age of 15 to work in the British Post Office. He soon became a member of the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) and the Irish Volunteers and returned to Ireland for the 1916 Rising. Collins did not make his mark on events until after his release from prison at the end of 1916. He then set about re-organising the Volunteer movement whch now became known as the Irish Republican Army (IRA). During the War of Independence, Collins directed IRA activities. He master-minded his own spy network which successfully countered the British spying system. The British government offered �10,000 for the capture of Collins. To them,he was the most wanted man in Ireland. In 1921, Collins was part of the Irish delegation that went to London to arrange a treaty with the British government which contained many points one of which being that Britain would keep six counties in the north of Ireland. Collins signed the treaty. When he returned many were angry that Ireland was to be divided. The Irish people split in two, half defending Collins decision and the other half saw the treaty as a 'sell-out' to the British. This sparked the Irish Civil War. In 1922, Collins was shot dead in an ambush in Co.Cork. His death, at the age of 32 was a tragic loss to the new state.

Apollo 11
Apollo 13

Did Fred Haise get his job for Apollo 13 because he know Jim Lovell?

Every astronaut knew all the other astronauts. The astronauts worked together on many projects, often travelling together. So yes, Lovell knew Haise, but he also knew every other astronaut.

The Mercury astronauts received their flight assignments from Robert Gilruth, the head of NASA's manned flight program in the early 60's. It was Gilruth who decided that Alan Shepard be the first American in space and that John Glenn be the first American to orbit the earth. Astronaut Deke Slayton was chosen to fly the 4th Mercury mission (the mission after Glenn), but was grounded in September 1962 before he was able to fly, and his place was taken by Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7. Slayton was the only member of the Mercury Seven who did not fly in the Mercury program. Slayton eventually cleared up his irregular heart beat enough to be assigned to the last Apollo mission. His ASTP flight was the first joint mission between the United States and the Soviet Union.

After Slayton was grounded by NASA, he was also grounded by the Air Force. With a new group of astronauts coming into NASA, the administrators felt that they needed someone in charge of the Astronaut Office. His fellow Mercury astronauts insisted that Slayton be given the job and NASA agreed. As the "chief astronaut" Slayton not only selected which pilots became astronauts, he also made crew assignments for space flights. His selections were sent to his superiors in Washington DC for approval. The only time his selection was overruled was when he assigned Joe Engle as the Apollo 17 Lunar Module Pilot (LMP). Since it would be the last lunar landing flight, scientists insisted that geologist, Harrison Schmitt, be assigned as LMP. NASA brass agreed and Schmitt replaced Engle as LMP.

Slayton made all the crew assignments based on availability and need. The first person usually assigned to a flight crew was the commander. While the commander did not chose who flew with him, he did have veto power over Slayton's choices. A commander could ask for a particular astronaut to be assigned to his crew, but there were no guarantees he would get his first choice. One such incident involved Pete Conrad, the Commander of Apollo 12. Slayton assigned Richard Gordon and Clifton C. Williams to Conrad's crew. Conrad initially asked Slayton for Alan Bean instead of Williams. Bean was a student of Conrad's when Conrad was flight instructor at the Naval Flight Test Facility in Patuxent River, Maryland. The 2 men had been best friends for over 10 years, but Slayton stuck with Williams. Conrad finally got his way when Williams was killed in a plane crash on October 5, 1967.

For the most part, the logic behind the crew selection process was kept secret. The only leaks we have are those provided by the crewmembers themselves. It's completely possible that Lovell could have asked for Haise, but if he did, he didn't reveal it in his book. The more likely reason Haise was selected was because he was the best available LMP.

Mechanical Engineering

Can a mechanical engineer ever become an astronaut?

No, never. Its not allowed.

Space Travel and Exploration

What is something important Roberta Bondar did?

Roberta Bondar is probably most known as Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. Following more than a decade as NASA's head of space medicine, she became a consultant and speaker in the business, scientific and medical communities.

Famous People
Guinness World Records

How old is Roberta Bondar's sister?



What do astronauts eat on a spaceship?

They eat dehydrated/freeze-dried food, which is food with all of the water removed from it.


Has anyone ever died after returning from space?

A number of astronauts have died after returning from space. However, I believe you're asking if they have died AS A RESULT OF being IN space--and the answer to that (with the possible exception of the Columbia tragedy) is no.


Is there any astronaut dead body in space?

Yes, all of them. They just all happen to be buried on the third rock orbiting the sun.AKA the earth

Challenger and Columbia Disasters

Are kalpana chawla's sisters alive?

Yes. Sunitha and deepa


Who was the First Australian astronaut to go into space?

That would be Paul Scully Power, who flew on the STS-41 mission in 1984.

Apollo Moon Missions
Neil Armstrong
The Moon

Where can you get pictures of astronauts walking on the moon?

Click on the links to your right for some great shots from the first moon landing by Apollo 11. You can also go to this NASA website and select any of the Apollo flights 11 and up and find images there.

The website has a lot of pictures, movies and other media files from all Apollo missions, even the pre-flight missions, and unmanned missions.

Go can also go to Google, search for "moon" and then click images.

See the related link ' Image Collection - Moon' to the left for photographs from the last Apollo mission.


Why are astronauts in orbit weightless?

As there is no gravity in space, everything will float.

.......... Because They're in free fall ........


What do astronauts need to stay alive in space?

A working spacesuit.

enough oxegen.

food and fluids.


Why a space suit must for the astronaut?

Spacesuits provide oxygen and temperature regulation.

Contrary to popular belief, you will not explodein the vacuum of the space. Vacuum is simply a lack of anything. This reduced pressure causes the skin to swell to accommodate the lowered pressure surroundings (on the earth, the density of air presses on the skin). The skin is exceptionally elastic and stretches to well above twice its normal size in such a situation.

This situation occurred to a NASA astronaut who had a failure in his glove, causing his hand to become exposed to the vacuum of space. He did not realize it had happened until he went back inside the Shuttle Orbiter, by which time his hand had swollen twice its normal size. His had recovered completely by the time he had returned to earth.

Also, several cosmonauts died during re-entry during a pressurization failure above 150 kilometers altitude, and their bodies were not disfigured. Indeed, the recovery crews thought they were asleep on first sight.

If exposed to the vacuum of space, the boiling point of an exposed fluid (such as blood, or saliva) drops drastically. This would cause problems for an unsuited astronaut. Again, this actually happened during testing. A subject was accidentally exposed to a vacuum in a test chamber. The last thing the subject remembered was blacking out, with the feeling of the saliva on his tongue boiling. He quickly made a full recovery.

International Space Agencies

Do astronauts wear always wear the space suits?

No,they might take off their space suits in the rocket, if you watch apolio 13 then you'll understand

International Space Station

How do astronauts get water on the space station?

They take the water with them. they will have to reuse it a well.

History of Ireland

How successfully did Michael Collins promote his cause?

he was very successfull in promoting his cause he used guirella hit and run tactic these men doing so where know as the "flying columns" he also used another group called "the Squad" these were to elimanate anyone going to treat the upcoming war.and the people of the day loved him because if he was in your area and needed a place to stay he would be boraded in their house as to show their apprecation to him!!

he didnt start the flying columns. But he was very succesfull in promoting his cause through his work as an intelligence officer. For the first time we won the intelligence war and that proved key

Neil Armstrong
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

Is astronaut Neil Armstrong still alive?


He died August 25, 2012 at the age of 82.

Space Travel and Exploration

How many people have gone into space to date and what are their names?

As of June 15, 2010, a total of 518 humans from 38 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline, (524 people have qualified when including the Department of Defense classification). Of those totals, 3 people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 515 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon.

  • Names in italic are space travelers who have left Low Earth orbit.
  • A * before a name indicates that the person died during spaceflight.
  1. Joseph M. Acaba
  2. Loren Acton
  3. James Adamson
  4. Viktor M. Afanasyev
  5. Thomas Akers
  6. Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese in space.
  7. Vladimir Aksyonov
  8. Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first middle eastern person in space.
  9. Edwin Buzz Aldrin (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the second person to walk on the Moon.
  10. Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov
  11. Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  12. Andrew M. Allen
  13. Joseph P. Allen
  14. Scott Altman
  15. William Anders, first Asian-born person in space. (Anders was born in Hong Kong, but was an American citizen.)
  16. Clayton Anderson
  17. *Michael P. Anderson, (1959-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  18. Anousheh Ansari (born 1966), fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space.
  19. Dominic A. Antonelli
  20. Jerome Apt
  21. Lee Archambault
  22. Neil Armstrong (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the first person to walk on the Moon.
  23. Richard R. Arnold
  24. Anatoly Artsebarsky
  25. Yuri Artyukhin (1930-1998)
  26. Jeffrey Ashby
  27. Oleg Atkov
  28. Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space.
  29. Sergei Avdeyev
  30. James Bagian
  31. Ellen Baker
  32. Michael Baker
  33. Aleksandr Balandin
  34. Michael Barratt
  35. Daniel Barry
  36. John-David F. Bartoe
  37. Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space.
  38. Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
  39. Alan Bean, flew on Apollo 12 and was the fourth person to walk on the Moon.
  40. Robert L. Behnken
  41. Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space.
  42. Pavel Belyayev (1925-1970)
  43. Georgi Beregovoi (1921-1995), earliest-born person to go into space.
  44. Anatoli Berezovoy
  45. Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  46. John Blaha
  47. Michael J. Bloomfield
  48. Guion Bluford, first African-American in space.
  49. Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut.
  50. Eric A. Boe
  51. Charles Bolden
  52. Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space.
  53. Frank Borman, commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon.
  54. Stephen G. Bowen
  55. Kenneth Bowersox
  56. Charles Brady (1951-2006)
  57. Vance Brand
  58. Daniel Brandenstein
  59. Randolph Bresnik
  60. Roy Bridges. Became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
  61. Curtis Brown
  62. *David M. Brown (1956-2003)
  63. Mark Brown
  64. James Buchli
  65. Jay Buckey
  66. Nikolai Budarin
  67. Daniel Burbank
  68. Daniel Bursch
  69. Valery Bykovsky (born 1934)
  70. Robert Cabana
  71. Tracy Caldwell
  72. Charles Camarda
  73. Kenneth Cameron
  74. Duane Carey
  75. Scott Carpenter, a Project Mercury astronaut.
  76. Gerald Carr
  77. Sonny Carter, (1947-1991)
  78. John Casper
  79. Christopher J. Cassidy, 500th astronaut in space.
  80. Robert Cenker
  81. Gene Cernan, flew on Apollo 17
  82. Gregory Chamitoff
  83. Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights.
  84. *Kalpana Chawla (1961-2003), first Indian-American woman in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  85. Maurizio Cheli
  86. Leroy Chiao
  87. Kevin Chilton
  88. Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
  89. *Laurel B. Clark (1961-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  90. Mary Cleave
  91. Jean-François Clervoy
  92. Michael Clifford
  93. Michael Coats
  94. Kenneth Cockrell
  95. Catherine Coleman (born 1960)
  96. Eileen Collins
  97. Michael Collins (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 crew. Was the first Italian-born person in space. (Collins was born in Rome to American parents.)
  98. Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930-1999), the third person to walk on the Moon and the commander of the first Skylab mission.
  99. Gordon Cooper (1927-2004), the first American to fly in space for a day.
  100. Richard Covey
  101. Timothy Creamer
  102. John Creighton
  103. Robert Crippen, Space Shuttle pioneer
  104. Roger Crouch
  105. Frank Culbertson
  106. Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7.
  107. Robert Curbeam
  108. Nancy Currie
  109. Nancy Jan Davis
  110. Lawrence J. DeLucas
  111. Frank De Winne
  112. Vladimir N. Dezhurov
  113. *Georgi Dobrovolski (1928-1971)
  114. Takao Doi, first Japanese to walk in space.
  115. B. Alvin Drew
  116. Brian Duffy
  117. Charles Duke, flew on Apollo 16.
  118. Bonnie J. Dunbar
  119. Pedro Duque, first Spaniard in space.
  120. Samuel T. Durrance
  121. James Dutton
  122. Lev Dyomin (1926-1998)
  123. Vladimir Dzhanibekov, first Uzbekistan-born man in space
  124. Joe Edwards
  125. Donn F. Eisele (1930-1987), flew on Apollo 7.
  126. Anthony W. England
  127. Joseph H. Engle
  128. Ronald Evans (1933-1990)
  129. Reinhold Ewald
  130. Léopold Eyharts
  131. John Fabian
  132. Muhammed Faris, first Syrian in space.
  133. Bertalan Farkas, first Hungarian in space.
  134. Jean-Jacques Favier
  135. Fèi Jùnlóng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  136. Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009)
  137. Christopher Ferguson
  138. Martin J. Fettman
  139. Andrew J. Feustel
  140. Anatoli Filipchenko
  141. Michael Fincke
  142. Anna Fisher
  143. William Frederick Fisher
  144. Klaus-Dietrich Flade
  145. Michael Foale, holds the American and British Record for time spent in space at 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes.
  146. Kevin A. Ford
  147. Michael Foreman
  148. Patrick Forrester
  149. Michael Fossum
  150. Stephen Frick
  151. Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space.
  152. Christer Fuglesang, first Swede in space.
  153. Charles Fullerton
  154. Reinhard Furrer (1940-1995)
  155. Francis Gaffney
  156. Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968), first person in space.
  157. Ronald Garan
  158. Dale Gardner
  159. Guy Gardner
  160. Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space.
  161. Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space.
  162. Owen Garriott
  163. Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space, son of skylab astronaut, Owen Garriott.
  164. Charles Gemar
  165. Michael Gernhardt
  166. Edward Gibson
  167. Robert L. Gibson
  168. Yuri Gidzenko
  169. Yuri Glazkov (1939-2008)
  170. John Glenn (born 1921), first American to orbit the Earth, and later, the oldest person to make a spaceflight.
  171. Linda Godwin
  172. Michael T. Good
  173. Viktor Gorbatko
  174. Richard Gordon, flew on Apollo 12.
  175. Dominic Gorie
  176. Ronald Grabe
  177. Georgi Grechko
  178. Frederick Gregory
  179. William Gregory
  180. Stanley Griggs (1939-1989)
  181. Virgil Grissom (1926-1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice and the first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft. Would have been the first person to fly three times. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  182. John Grunsfeld
  183. Aleksei Gubarev
  184. Umberto Guidoni
  185. Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space.
  186. Sidney Gutierrez
  187. Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space.
  188. Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space.
  189. Jean-Pierre Haigneré
  190. Fred Haise, flew on Apollo 13.
  191. James Halsell
  192. Kenneth Ham
  193. Lloyd Hammond
  194. Gregory Harbaugh
  195. Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space.
  196. Terry Hart
  197. Henry Hartsfield
  198. Frederick Hauck
  199. Steven Hawley
  200. Susan Helms
  201. Karl Henize (1926-1993)
  202. Thomas Hennen
  203. Terence Henricks
  204. Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space.
  205. Jose Hernández
  206. John Herrington, first Native American in space.
  207. Richard Hieb
  208. Joan Higginbotham
  209. David Hilmers
  210. Kathryn Hire
  211. Charles Hobaugh
  212. Jeffrey Hoffman
  213. Scott Horowitz
  214. Akihiko Hoshide
  215. Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female Payload Specialist.
  216. Douglas G. Hurley
  217. *Rick D. Husband (1957-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  218. James Irwin (1930-1991), flew on Apollo 15.
  219. Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  220. Georgi Ivanov, first Bulgarian in space.
  221. Marsha Ivins
  222. Sigmund Jähn, first German in space
  223. Mae Jemison, first African-American woman in space
  224. Tamara E. Jernigan
  225. Brent W. Jett, Jr.
  226. Jing Haipeng
  227. Gregory C. Johnson
  228. Gregory H. Johnson
  229. Thomas D. Jones
  230. Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence.
  231. Alexander Kaleri, first Russian in space since independence.
  232. Janet Kavandi
  233. James Kelly
  234. Mark E. Kelly
  235. Scott Kelly
  236. Joseph Kerwin
  237. Yevgeny Khrunov (1933-2000)
  238. Robert S. Kimbrough
  239. Leonid Kizim (1941-2010)
  240. Pyotr Klimuk, first Belarusian in space.
  241. *Vladimir Komarov (1927-1967), killed during a USSR space flight.
  242. Yelena V. Kondakova
  243. Oleg Kononenko, first Turkmenistan-born man in space
  244. Timothy L. Kopra
  245. Mikhail Korniyenko
  246. Valery Korzun
  247. Oleg Kotov
  248. Vladimir Kovalyonok
  249. Konstantin Kozeyev
  250. Kevin Kregel
  251. / Sergei Krikalev, six space flights and, as of 2008, holds record for longest total time in space: 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes.
  252. Valeri Kubasov
  253. André Kuipers
  254. Aleksandr Laveykin
  255. Guy Laliberté
  256. Wendy Lawrence
  257. Vasili Lazarev (1928-1990)
  258. Aleksandr Lazutkin
  259. Valentin Lebedev
  260. Mark C. Lee
  261. David Leestma
  262. William B. Lenoir
  263. Aleksei Leonov, first person to "walk in space" (to make an EVA).
  264. Frederick W. Leslie
  265. Anatoli Levchenko (1941-1988)
  266. Byron Lichtenberg, first NASA Payload Specialist.
  267. Don Lind
  268. Steven Lindsey
  269. Jerry Linenger
  270. Richard Linnehan
  271. Gregory Linteris
  272. Liu Boming
  273. Paul Lockhart
  274. Yuri Lonchakov
  275. / Michael Lopez-Alegria
  276. John Lounge
  277. Jack Lousma
  278. Stanley G. Love
  279. Jim Lovell, flew on Apollo 8, the first spaceship to orbit the Moon, and on Apollo 13.
  280. G. David Low (1956-2008)
  281. Edward Lu
  282. Shannon Lucid, first Asian-born woman in space. As of 2006, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record.
  283. Vladimir Lyakhov
  284. Steven MacLean
  285. Sandra Magnus
  286. Oleg Makarov (1933-2003)
  287. Yuri Malenchenko
  288. Franco Malerba, first Italian in space. (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.)
  289. Yuri Malyshev (1941-1999)
  290. Gennadi Manakov
  291. Musa Manarov, first Azerbaidjan-born man in space
  292. Thomas H. Marshburn
  293. Michael Massimino
  294. Richard Mastracchio
  295. Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II (born 1936), flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C.
  296. K. Megan McArthur
  297. William S. McArthur
  298. Jon McBride
  299. Bruce McCandless II
  300. *William C. McCool (1961-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  301. Michael McCulley
  302. James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9.
  303. Donald McMonagle
  304. *Ronald McNair (1950-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  305. Carl Meade
  306. Bruce Melnick
  307. Pamela Melroy
  308. Leland D. Melvin
  309. Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  310. Ulf Merbold
  311. Ernst Messerschmid
  312. Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger
  313. Edgar Mitchell, flew on Apollo 14.
  314. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space.
  315. Mamoru Mohri
  316. Barbara Morgan
  317. Lee Morin
  318. Boris Morukov
  319. Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space.
  320. Richard Mullane
  321. Talgat Musabayev
  322. Story Musgrave
  323. Steven R. Nagel
  324. Bill Nelson, second politician in space.
  325. George Nelson
  326. Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space.
  327. Paolo A. Nespoli
  328. James H. Newman
  329. Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space.
  330. Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  331. Andriyan Nikolayev (1929-2004)
  332. Soichi Noguchi
  333. Carlos I. Noriega, first Peruvian-born person in space.
  334. Lisa Nowak
  335. Karen Nyberg
  336. Bryan O'Connor
  337. Ellen Ochoa, first Hispanic woman in space.
  338. Wubbo Ockels, first Dutch citizen in space.
  339. William Oefelein
  340. John D. Olivas
  341. Gregory Olsen, third spaceflight participant.
  342. *Ellison Onizuka (1946-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  343. Yuri Onufrienko
  344. Stephen Oswald
  345. Robert Overmyer (1936-1996)
  346. Gennady Padalka
  347. William Pailes
  348. Scott Parazynski
  349. Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008)
  350. Robert Parker
  351. Nicholas Patrick
  352. *Viktor Patsayev (1933-1971)
  353. James Pawelczyk
  354. Julie Payette
  355. Gary Payton, first military astronaut.
  356. Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
  357. Donald Peterson
  358. Donald Pettit
  359. Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space.
  360. John Phillips
  361. William Pogue
  362. Alan G. Poindexter
  363. Mark Polansky
  364. Alexander Poleshchuk
  365. Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days.
  366. Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space.
  367. Leonid Popov
  368. Pavel Popovich (1930-2009), first Ukrainian-born person in space.
  369. Charles Precourt
  370. Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space.
  371. *Ilan Ramon (1954-2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  372. William Readdy
  373. Kenneth Reightler
  374. James F. Reilly
  375. Garrett Reisman
  376. Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS.
  377. Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space.
  378. *Judith Resnik (1949-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  379. Paul W. Richards
  380. Richard N. Richards
  381. Sally Ride, first American woman in space.
  382. Stephen Robinson
  383. Roman Romanenko
  384. Yuri Romanenko
  385. Kent Rominger
  386. Stuart Roosa (1933-1994), flew on Apollo 14.
  387. Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights.
  388. Valeri Rozhdestvensky
  389. Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932-2002)
  390. Mario Runco, Jr.
  391. Valery Ryumin
  392. Albert Sacco
  393. Gennadi Sarafanov (1942-2005)
  394. Robert Satcher
  395. Viktor Savinykh
  396. Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space.
  397. Wally Schirra (1923-2007)
  398. Hans Schlegel
  399. Harrison Schmitt, flew on Apollo 17.
  400. Rusty Schweickart
  401. *Dick Scobee (1939-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  402. David Scott
  403. Winston Scott
  404. Paul Scully-Power
  405. Richard Searfoss
  406. Rhea Seddon
  407. Ronald Sega
  408. Piers Sellers
  409. Aleksandr Serebrov
  410. Vitali Sevastyanov
  411. Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut
  412. Salizhan Sharipov [3], first Kyrgyzstan-born man in space
  413. Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space.
  414. Helen Sharman, first Briton in space.
  415. Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space
  416. Brewster Shaw
  417. Alan Shepard (1923-1998), first American in space.
  418. William Shepherd
  419. Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space
  420. Georgi Shonin (1935-1997)
  421. Loren Shriver
  422. Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space.
  423. Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant.
  424. Aleksandr Skvortsov
  425. Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924-1996), a Mercury astronaut.
  426. Steven Smith
  427. Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvia-born man in space
  428. Vladimir Solovyov
  429. Sherwood Spring
  430. Robert Springer
  431. Thomas Patten Stafford
  432. Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
  433. Robert Stewart
  434. Susan Still
  435. Nicole Stott
  436. Gennady Strekalov (1940-2004)
  437. Frederick Sturckow
  438. Kathryn Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space.
  439. Maksim Surayev
  440. Steven Swanson
  441. John "Jack" Swigert (1931-1982), flew on Apollo 13.
  442. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban and the first person from a country in the Western Hemisphere other than the U.S. to travel to space. He was also the first Hispanophone and first person of African ancestry in space.
  443. Daniel Tani
  444. Joseph Tanner
  445. Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space.
  446. Norman Thagard
  447. Gerhard Thiele
  448. Robert Thirsk
  449. Andrew Thomas
  450. Donald Thomas
  451. Kathryn Thornton, first woman to make multiple EVAs.
  452. William Thornton
  453. Pierre Thuot
  454. Dennis Tito, first self-funded spaceflight participant.
  455. Gherman Titov (1935-2000), the second person to make a space flght and the first to stay up for a day.
  456. Vladimir Titov
  457. Michel Tognini
  458. Valery Tokarev
  459. Sergei Treschev
  460. Eugene Trinh, first Vietnamese-American in space.
  461. Richard Truly
  462. Bjarni Tryggvason, first Iceland-born man in space
  463. Vasili Tsibliyev
  464. Mikhail Tyurin
  465. Yury Usachev
  466. Lodewijk van den Berg, first Dutch-born astronaut.
  467. James "Ox" van Hoften
  468. Vladimir Vasyutin (1952-2002)
  469. Charles Veach (1944-1995)
  470. Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space.
  471. Alexander Viktorenko
  472. Terry Virts
  473. Pavel Vinogradov
  474. Roberto Vittori
  475. Igor Volk
  476. Sergey Volkov, first second generation astronaut or cosmonaut in space, son of Alexander Volkov.
  477. *Vladislav Volkov (1935-1971), killed on Soyuz 11.
  478. Alexander Volkov
  479. Boris Volynov, first Jewish person in space.
  480. James Voss
  481. Janice Voss
  482. Koichi Wakata
  483. Rex Walheim
  484. Charles Walker
  485. David M. Walker, (1944-2001)
  486. Joseph A. Walker (1921-1966), first person to enter space twice. Suborbital flights only.
  487. Shannon Walker - Soyuz TMA-19
  488. Ulrich Walter
  489. Carl Walz
  490. Taylor Wang, first ethnic Chinese person in space.
  491. Mary Weber
  492. Paul Weitz
  493. James Wetherbee
  494. Edward White (1930-1967), first American to "walk in space" (make an EVA). Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  495. Douglas H. Wheelock
  496. Peggy Whitson
  497. Terrence Wilcutt
  498. Dafydd Williams
  499. Donald Williams
  500. Jeffrey Williams
  501. Sunita "Suni" Williams
  502. Barry Wilmore
  503. Stephanie Wilson
  504. Peter Wisoff
  505. David Wolf
  506. Alfred Worden
  507. Naoko Yamazaki
  508. Yáng Lìwěi, first Chinese national in space.
  509. Boris Yegorov (1937-1994)
  510. Aleksei Yeliseyev
  511. Yi So-yeon, first South Korean in space.
  512. John Young, flew on two Gemini, two Apollo (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and two Space Shuttle missions.
  513. Fyodor Yurchikhin, First Greek in space, first Georgia-born man in space
  514. Sergei Zalyotin
  515. George D. Zamka
  516. Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese to walk in space.
  517. Vitaliy Zholobov
  518. Vyacheslav Zudov
Picture and Image Searches

Where can you get pictures of the astronauts?

Here an is great website that contains images of astronauts, as well as images that astronauts took: Here are more opinions and answers from other FAQ Farmers: * Go to Yahoo, Google or Kids and go to images and write astronauts.

History of Ireland

Why is it difficult to find out the truth about Michael Collins using the Michael Collins film?

Precisely because it is a movie. Its purpose is to tell an entertaining story that people will pay money to see. It also has to get a lot of complicated history into a couple of hours. Thus facts can be omitted, distorted, or made up in the interest of dramatic storytelling.Michael Montagne

Travel & Places

What dangers do astronauts encounter?

their spaceship could explode while takeoff


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