Treaty of Versailles

Signed in 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that ended WWI. It was mainly negotiated by Britain, France and the US, forcing Germany to accept the sole responsibility for the war and to pay major reparations.

3,360 Questions
Woodrow Wilson
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How satisfied was Wilson of the Treaty of Versailles?

Wilson wasn't very satisfied about all of the terms, because he thought they were too harsh and that they were punishing some ordinary Germans that have nothing to do with the war.

727374
Paris
Road Distance
Treaty of Versailles

How do you get to Versailles from Paris?

The hunting lodge expansion project that ate France (or at least its treasury) is, today, one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. At $10 American for general admission and an additional $5-$10 American for one of the guided tours, France is well on its way to recouping that lost money, and then some. The general admission fee is included in the Paris Museum Pass. Still, there is just something about the allure of gold chandeliers and gilded wall coverings that will make even the most hard nosed individuals start to drool. You can reach Versailles on the Metro or, if you prefer a more comprehensive experience, there are several bus tours that make the trip daily from Paris. If you

727374
World War 2
World War 1
WW1 Allied Forces
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What was the USA's view of the treaty of Versailles?

Woodrow Wilson (USA) did not want to be so harsh on Germany as the treaty, as he wanted to keep Germany's economy stable for future trade, likewise with David Lloyd George (Britain). It was the french who were adamant on being harsh to Germany and demanding reparations in large sums etc...

616263
World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the treaty of Versailles affect Germany after World War 1?

It laid the groundwork for the Second World War in 1939. Among the victorious allies, the French were the only ones that were adamant about the Germans paying reparations for all the destruction they caused. $15 Billion was assessed onto the German government. There was no way Germany could pay this. The country was being pulled apart fromn militias from the far right and from the communists. The government was so weak, and the only institution that had any legitimacy, was the German army. The Germans had surrendered on French soil. The allies never conquered German territory, unlike WWII. As a result, the German army exerted much respect and support from most of the people. The reparations made to the victors, ushered in massive inflation and wiped out people's savings, and led to a catastrophic collapse of the economy. The government was incapable to bring about any stability during this time and the army was forced to bring about law and order. Finally, by 1924, the Weimar Republic was able to get the country's problems solved, and a certain degree of stability and prosperity came to Germany. One other major problem with the Treaty of Versailles, was the fact that Jewish Socialists signed the surrender terms. The Nazis, years later, would take advantage of that, and accuse the Jews of stabbing the army in the back. Hitler and Goebbels scored major points around the country by 1930-33. Hitler even wrote about this in his book, Mein Kampf in 1927.

697071
History of Europe
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to the depression?

No - not a bit. Unrelated event. The depression was caused by a variety of factors but mainly by poor economic policies. Among these being: high taxes (very high marginal rates in the USA and other nations that reduced capital formation), protectionist trade legislation (this vicious beast continuously has to be beaten back as it is promoted constantly by 'compasionate' types, liberals, and unions), weather problems (drought, flood - of unual intensity) and collapse of various strong currency valuations (mainly German but also prevalent in many other nations such as Hungary and other small nations). None of these problems were directly a result of the treaty although its extremely harsh terms against Germany have often been stated as reasons for the depression of 1929 - 1939. For example, to help eliminate the debt from the war, the German government of the 1920's debased the currency, causing a hyper inflation. This of course made all debt worthless, but also wiped out savings and capital, causing a major economic calamity. The USA came up with the wonderful idea of high tarrifs and high income tax rates - brilliant economic policies that by themselves may have triggered the USA depression....and as mentioned above are still high on the list of favorable economic policies by liberals and other economic morons.

686970
Treaty of Versailles

Was the Treaty of Versailles a good treaty?

The Treaty of Versailles was a very harsh treaty but whether it was good or bad is a matter of opinion.

Germany was seen as a violent, power hungry and money hungry country. The terms of the treaty reduced the size of its army and navy. It was harsh, maybe even too harsh, because all German colonies were given to France, Britain and other countries. The treaty also prevented Germany from uniting with Austria. It made Germany very poor.

Here are the terms of the Treaty of Versailles:

  1. Germany was to accept the blame for starting the war, under the terms of 'War guilt' cause.
  2. Germany was to reduce its army to 100,000 men.
  3. Germany could only have 6 battleships in its navy.
  4. Germany was not allowed to build any aeroplanes, submarines or tanks.
  5. Germany had to pay 6,600 million pounds in reparations to the countries that had won the war.
  6. All Germany's colonies were given to France, Britain and other counties.
  7. Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria.
  8. Germany was to demilitarise the Rhineland.
  9. Alsace-Lorraine went back to France.
  10. Germany also lost a strip of land called the Polish Corridor. This was given to Poland, cutting East Prussia off from the rest of Germany.
676869
Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Treaty of Versailles

Why did the Germans allow the Holocaust to happen?

The Germans were upset with the Treaty of Versailles from the first World War, because most of the blame was put onto them. The Germans were angry, so they decided to put the blame onto the Jewish community because they felt like they needed someone to blame. They boycotted Jewish stores and started to destroy them. Hitler had schools for the "superior Aryans" which taught the kids how to be "good German citizens" and part of that was hating the Jews. Things just got worse and worse for the Jews. Some Germans did realize that it wasn't the Jewish people's fault for their hard times, and tried to help and hide them, but if they were caught hiding the Jews, they were sent to concentration camps or killed.

_____

  1. The German population was never asked to allow its government to commit genocide. (There seem to be some misunderstandings about this).
  2. The Germans were not even informed about the Holocaust, but they did know that the German Jews were being 'resettled' in 'Eastern Europe'.
  3. The actual Holocaust took place during World War 2. Most Germans had other preoccupations by then and many just did not care.
  4. The Jews had been demonized by Nazi propaganda as Communists and 'enemies of Germany'.
  5. Effective resistance to a dictatorship, especially in time of war, requires a whole resistance movement, and that was lacking in Germany - and would probably have been impossible to organize.
616263
History of Europe
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the Treaty of Versailles change Europe?

Germany was blamed for WWI. They had to pay off all the reparations to the Allies. This changed the world because all of the other countries felt cheated and betrayed by the peace settlements {Germany too}. Also, some countries, such as japan and Italy, which had entered the war to gain territory, had gained less than they wanted, so everyone was just unhappy with the outcome of joining the war. For one thing, it broke up the German and Autro-Hungarian empires and created a number of new sovereign states out of them. Examples include Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

The Treaty of Versailles was the primary enabler of WW2. Hitler and his party would never have gained support if the people weren't resentful against the allies.

737475
Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

Why did Hitler break the Versailles Treaty?

Hitler believed that the treaty of versailles were unfair towards germany because, German is blamed for causing world war 1 when Germany only got involved when the allied powers declared war onto it's ally.

656667
History of Germany
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What did Germany have to do as a result of the Treaty of Versailles?

pay reparations

171819
World War 1
History of Germany
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How far was Germany's anger over Versailles a result of their loss of territory?

NOTE. This answer is my own assessment, based on work on the period. 1. Some of the territorial losses didn't in fact bother most Germans all that much. It was the loss of territory to Poland that hurt most. After all, for a long time the Germans had regarded the Poles as inferior. Worse still, Polish irregulars (with the support of the new Polish government) tried to seize the plebiscite area of Upper Silesia in 1921 before the people there could vote on whether they wanted to stay part of Germany or join Poland. When the borders of Poland were finally established later in 1921, the Poles promptly treated all their ethnic minorities badly. Some Germans were so exasperated by having their family names changed to Polish names, and having to send their kids to Polish schools where all the teaching was in Polish, that they moved to Germany. By comparison, hardly anyone was bothered by the loss of Alsace-Lorraine. 2. The reparations and the war guilt clause were also very unpopular. 3. What was probably most unpopular of all, however, was the attempt of the French government to go **beyond Versailles** by occupying the Ruhr in 1923 and trying to set up a puppet French state there and in the Rhineland. --- Obviously, those who believed in the stab-in-the-back legend were convinced that Germany had been cheated of the fruits of its victory over Russia. They were opposed to any settlement at all.

646566
Treaty of Versailles

Who was the surname of the American negotiator with the Treaty of Versailles?

I dont know

012
World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did personalities of the Big Three affect the Treaty of Versailles?

OK, let's go through each member of the Big Three in turn...

First, Woodrow Wilson, president of USA... He happened to be a bit of an idealist, and this was reflected in his aims for the Treaty of Versailles (think of the 14 points). He wanted to build a stronger world out of the carnage of the war. The other two thought his views were a bit too idealistic.

Next, Georges Clemenceau, prime minister of France... His nickname was the tiger. His country had suffered more than any other in the war, as most of the fighting took place on French soil. He and the rest of France had watched their country burn and they wanted revenge. Therefore, he helped make the Treaty harsher than perhaps the other two of the Big Three desired.

The last member, David Lloyd George, prime minister of Great Britain, had opinions and aims for the Treaty that can be considered to be 'in the middle' of the others' - but this doesn't mean to say that he wasn't biased. Britain did a lot of trade with Germany and Lloyd George wanted Germany to be able to continue with this. However, Britain had lost a huge number of soldiers and the public clamour for revenge could not be entirely ignored. This affected the Treaty in that it helped to make it harsh, but not as harsh as Clemenceau had wanted.

The culmination of all these different aims for the Treaty ended in a result which nobody out of the Big Three were satisfied with - in fact no country at all liked the Treaty. Their aims were all so varied that they could never really reach an appropriate decision.

626364
Treaty of Versailles

One of the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles was that?

Germany had to sign the War Guilt Clause 331

The Saar was given to France for 15 years

The Rhineland was demilitarized for 15 years

Germany's army was limited to 100,000 men

They had to pay reparations of £6,600 million

They were forbidden to unite with Austria

636465
Adolf Hitler
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

Did Hitler build up the German military in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles?

Absolutely he did. In fact, Hitler used the Treat of Versailles to rally the German people to his side, claiming the Treaty was unfair and the cause of their Depression-era economic suffering.

414243
World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What were the provisions and weaknesses Treaty of Versailles?

PROVISIONS

  • The treaty established nine new nations.
  • It carved five areas out of the Ottoman Empire and gave them to France and Great Britain as mandates, or temporary colonies.
  • Barred Germany from maintaining an army.
  • Required Germany to return the region of Alsace-Lorraine to France and pay reparations, or war damages, amounting to $33 billion to the Allies.

WEAKNESSES

  • Weakened the ability of the Treaty of Versailles to provide a lasting peace in Europe.
  • Eventually lead to the Second World War
  • Humiliated Germany-contained a war-guilt clause forcing them to admit sole responsibility for starting World War I.
313233
War and Military History
Cold War
Treaty of Versailles

How do you learn about the Cold War?

If you are truly interested in learning about the Cold War, go to the Cold War Veterans Association website at www.coldwarveterans.com. This site contains many interesting articles about the Cold War, as well as some useful links to other sites.

616263
World War 1
History of Germany
Treaty of Versailles

How did the Germans react to the Treaty of Versailles?

Answer

There was anger throughout Germany when the conditions were made public.

Also, the Nazi's used the treaty's ridiculous terms to rally people to their cause.

697071
Treaty of Versailles

What new countries were formed as a result of the Treaty of Versailles?

The Treaty of Versailles didn't in itself establish any new countries. Two countries came into being at the end of WWI: Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Poland, which had been 'carved up' by Russia, Prussia and Austria between 1772 and 1795 was reunited as an independent country. In the Baltic area Finland gained complete independence from Russia, while Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were reconstituted as independent countries. Austria and Hungary became fully separate.

606162
World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

Evidence to say the Treaty of Versailles wasn't harsh enough?

I personally believe it was far to harsh, but as for evidence for the other side:

- It didn't keep Germany from going against it

- It didn't crack down on Bulgaria at all

- Germany didn't lose much African territory

- It didn't put a military occupation in Germany.

575859
World War 2
Germany in WW2
Adolf Hitler
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did Hitler defies the Treaty of Versailles?

Hiteler defies the treaty of Versailles by building up his army, taking back the Rhineland and lots of other things.

272829
Treaty of Versailles

What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

Note. Separate treaties were signed with Austria (St Germain), Hungary (Trianon), Bulgaria (Neuilly) and the Ottoman Empire (Sevres). Collectively, they are referred to as the Paris Peace Settlement. (However, the Ottoman Empire resumed fighting and a new treaty, much more favourable to Turkey, was signed at Lausanne in 1923).

The main terms of the Versailles Treaty were:

  • The surrender of all German colonies overseas as League of Nations mandates;
  • The return of Alsace-Lorraine to France;
  • Cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia;
  • Most of the province of Posen, and also most of West Prussia to Poland;
  • A part of industrial Upper Silesia to Poland;
  • A plebiscite to be held in another part of Upper Silesia to decide whether it should become a part of Poland, stay with Germany or be split between the two countries:
  • Danzig to become a free city;
  • Plebiscite to be held in Northern Schleswig to settle the Danish-German frontier;
  • occupation of and special status for the Saar under French control;
  • Demilitarization and a fifteen-year occupation of the Rhineland;
  • An acceptance of Germany's guilt in causing the war;
  • German reparations of £6,600 million;
  • A ban on the union of Germany and Austria;
  • Provision for the trial of the former Kaiser and about 885 others for war crimes;
  • Limitation of Germany's army to 100,000 men with no conscription, no tanks, no heavy artillery, no poison-gas supplies, no aircraft and no airships;
  • The limitation of the German Navy to vessels under 10,000 tons, with no submarines.

Germany was invited to comment but not allowed to negotiate the treaty at all and signed under protest. Whenever they tried to query any detail they were told that they had started the war and had no right to complain about anything in the treaty.

AnswerThis Treaty was designed to make Germany pay for the war that it had allegedly started. Another aim was to weaken Germany.

All German overseas possessions were over handed to the allies as League of Nations Mandates, the primary benefactors being the British and French, although the Japanese were allowed to keep several islands they had taken from Germany in the Pacific. Second, the Rhineland was demilitarized, and Germany was forbidden to have troops there. In fact, Germany was forbidden from rearming itself beyond defensive purposes.

Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France; large tracts of Western Prussia and the province of Posen were restored to the newly created Poland; East Prussia was separated rest of Germany by what came to be known as the Polish Corridor. Germany was also forced to pay exhorbitant reparations to Britain, France, Belgium, the US and Japan. The Treaty did also established a League of Nations to mediate international conflicts and enforce international law, but the Europeans had little desire for mediation and America just wanted to get out of European affairs.

555657
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

Why did the irreconcilables reject the treaty of Versailles?

They were mostly isolationists and didn't want to be tied to European affairs, or have American affairs put in the hands of European countries. Many were also opposed to Wilson himself. The reservationists were another group opposed to the Treaty.

596061
World War 2
Holocaust
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to the Holocaust?

The Treaty of Versailles did NOT contribute or lead to the Holocaust. The Versailles Treaty did, however, encourage German nationalism.

Even in the early years of Nazi rule in Germany it was not obvious that the persecution of the Jews would culminate in mass murder.

545556
World War 1
Italy
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the treaty of Versailles lead to the rise of totalitarianism in Germany and Italy?

It gave Germany an extremely harsh punishment which led it to ruins. Hitler took this chance to run for chancellor promising to fix Germany's problems. Mussolini did almost the same thing to take control of Italy.

373839

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.