Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis or TB (Tubercles Bacillus) is an infectious disease and is caused by several strains of mycobacteria. All questions concerning signs and symptoms, causes, transmission, risk factors, treatments and medications can be found here.

Skeletal System
Tuberculosis

Can Tuberculosis of spine recur after treatment?

yes but it is uncommon

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Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Which body system are affected by tuberculosis?

TB or Tuberculosis most commonly affects the lungs – what’s known as the body’s pulmonary system. But it affects other organs too, what’s known as extrapulmonary TB. Other organs that can be affected include the lining covering the lungs called pleural TB), the central nervous system called TB meningitis, bone and joints called musculoskeletal system, lymph nodes, abdomen – where the liver, spleen and the intestines can be affected called abdominal TB, kidney and bladder called urogenital TB), and blood too.
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Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Lose weight because of tuberculosis?

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

What is the shape Mycobacterium tuberculosis?

bacilli( rod shaped )

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Is tuberculosis a respiratory disease?

Yes and No! TB is most common in the lungs but can affect the spine, skin, genitals, kidneys and brain
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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Does tuberculosis cause weight loss?

I don't know if the illness specifically makes you lose weight, I doubt it. But during most illnesses you lose weight because your diet grows considerably smaller. You eat a lot less, so you consume far less calories than you normally would. The illness itself generally doesn't cause weight loss. There are some that do, however, but I don't think Tuberculosis is one of them.

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Latin to English
Tuberculosis

What is the meaning of words TBC?

The Burning crusade =P nah kidding not really sure :)

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Tuberculosis
Medical Billing and Coding

What is the icd9 code for pyelitis due to tuberculosis?

016.00 (tuberculosis)

590.81 (pyelitis)

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Tuberculosis

Can you contract tuberculosis from the tuberculosis skin test?

No.

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Conditions and Diseases
Microbiology
Tuberculosis

Does mycobacterium tuberculosis produce an exotoxin?

yes

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Tetanus
Tuberculosis
Cholera

How effective is chlorine in preventing disease like cholera?

Chlorination of water is very effective way to prevent almost all the water borne infectious diseases. If you filter the water properly, then you can prevent all the water borne diseases. Chlorine can stay in water to kill the bacteria, which have contaminated the water later on. The risk associated with chlorine in proper quantity are negligible and often exaggerated. Chlorine is very cheap and no body market it or promote it.

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Ulcers
Tuberculosis

What are Difference between tuberculosis and typhoid ulcer?

TB ulcer is transverse while typhoid is longitudinal

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Did Colonel James Bowie have tuberculosis?

No one really knows. He was diagnosed with pneumonia or typhoid pneumonia but many sources say it was probably advanced tuberculosis.

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Tuberculosis

Can tb client go for gym?

Not at all. . If he is suffering from such a dangerous disease, the patient must take care of himself until he is completely cured. After cured tb. He can do anything he want.......

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Vaccinations
Whooping Cough
Tuberculosis

A vaccine is something that is used to?

produce antibodies to help kill germs

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Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

How is hyperparathyroidism prevented?

There is much dispute about ways to prevent hyperparathyroidism. The actual cause of the disease is absolutely and unequivoicably unknown. This is important to know before reading the following information. Also, your best resource for becoming educated on hyperparathyroidism is www.parathyroid.com as linked below. I know this because I was personally misdiagnosed for more than 20 years until I found that website.

Treatment

Nutritional Therapy

Limiting intake of soft drinks can help to prevent hyperparathyroidism. Soda drinks contain high levels of phosphorus. High phosphorus intake can cause hypocalcemia that leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism. In patients with hyperparathyroidism, forcing fluids and reducing intake of calcium-rich foods can help decrease calcium levels prior to surgery or if surgery is not necessary. These patients should not take any supplements that contain calcium without a doctor's approval.

Allopathic Treatment

Hyperparathyroidism cases will usually be referred to an endocrinologist, who is a physician specializing in hormonal problems, or a nephrologist, who specializes in kidney and mineral disorders.

Patients with mild cases of hyperparathyroidism may not need immediate treatment if they have only slight elevations in blood calcium level and normal kidneys and bones. These patients should be regularly checked, probably as often as every six months, by physical examination and measurement of kidney function and calcium levels. A bone densitometry-a test to diagnose and monitor osteoporosis or thinning of bones-measurement should be performed every one or two years. After several years with no worsened symptoms, the length of time between tests may be increased.

Patients with more advanced hyperparathyroidism usually will have all or half of the affected parathyroid gland or glands surgically removed. This surgery is relatively safe and effective. The primary risks are those associated with general anesthesia. There are some instances in which the surgery can be performed with the patient under regional, or cervical (neck) block, anesthesia. Often such studies as ultrasonography-a test with high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) that are bounced off tissues and echoes are converted to pictures called sonograms-prior to surgery help pinpoint the affected areas.

Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism involves removing or treating the underlying cause. In 2004, a new drug therapy was shown to lower parathyroid levels and improve calcium and phosphorus function in patients receiving dialysis (a blood-purifying treatment often performed on people with kidney diseases) who had uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism. The drug, called cinacalcet, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for people who have chronic kidney disease with secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Source: http://www.answers.com/hyperparathyroidism?gwp=11&ver=2.3.0.609&method=3

The link below has the most recent, reliable, and accurate information on hyperparathyroidism.

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Law & Legal Issues
Economics
Tuberculosis

What is consumption?

"Consumption" is an old name for tuberculosis (TB) that describes how the illness wastes away or consumes its victims. TB is "an ancient enemy" that has plagued humankind for more than five thousand years. The act or process of consuming. Consumption can be either a wasting disease, or the act of using up resources.

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Pulmonary Health
Tuberculosis

What is the cure for primary complex - TB?

Primary complex is another name for tuberculosis (TB). Drugs can treat this condition, some of those are: isoniazid (Laniazid, Nydrazid), rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane), pyrazinamide (pms-Pyrazinamide, Tebrazid) and ethambutol (Myambutol) - taken over at least a six month period.

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Conditions and Diseases
Guinness World Records
Tuberculosis

Where did tuberculosis start to spread?

South Africa (most likely from my studies)

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Which part of the body is affected by the disease tuberculosis?

PTB or pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary means lungs. So basically, lungs is the affected part of the body if you have tuberculosis.

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Tetanus
Tuberculosis
Cholera

How effective is chlorine in preventing diseases like cholera?

Chlorine added to drinking water and swimming pools has revolutionised the safety of drinking water throughout the world. The gas dissolves in water and fatallly damages the cell walls of water born bacteria such as eschera coli, (E coli) and cholera. If the water is left to stand the chlorine exits the water and the taste disappears.

A source of safe water is the basis of modern civilization

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Why is the new strain of tuberculosis so deadly?

In recent years many strains of bacteria have become more virulent. This is due, in large part, to the prescribing of antibiotics. One may ask, I thought antibiotics kill bacteria. This is true, but to understand how this works, we must delve a little deeper.

Nature has given every organism on the earth defense mechanisms for survival. With people, it is our immune system. With bacteria, it is the principle of a bacteriophage. Bacteriophages are chemical compouds secreted by bacteria to fight off colonies of other competing bacteria. Hence the term anti + biotic or literally, against bacteria. All the original bacteria used to make antibiotics were taken from soil bacteria, grown as a pure culture and the compouds extracted and manufactured. This worked great at first. People were cured of illnesses that had had no cures before. But, the problems we face now are really twofold. First, all the really easy antibiotics have been made and second, the bacteria that we want to kill have become resistant through adaptation. This really is evolution happening in front of our eyes.

There is another problem that has made matters worse. It is the over prescribing of antibiotics when their use was not required. We have all gone to the doctor for a bad cold (which is a virus) and received a presciption for an antibiotic (which have no effect on viruses). This has speeded up the adaptation of bacteria because of their over use. The same is true when animals have a constant supply of antibiotics added to their food to prevent dieases. This allows a constant supply of the drugs inserted in the food chain and eventually into our bodies.I am not saying do not take antibiotics if you are sick. I am saying don't take them unless you really need them. Now back to the question.

A strain of TB has developed that is resistant to almost all antibiotics currently available. There is a period of about six weeks in which to start a series of drugs or there is basically no hope. The mortality rate of this strain is 50%. Not only that, it is extremely contagious. It appears that the strain originated in central Asia and infected many men in Russian prisons. Due to the lack of medical care in these prisons, it has made a jailbreak and is heading out into the general population of the world. As of this date , May 29,2007, a person who was infected with this strain, boarded an airliner in possibly Europe, (details are still sketchy) and flew to Canada and then the United States. He has been placed in quarantine and officials are actively searching for the people that he flew with. If this strain gets into the general population, it will be worse than anything we have been talking about, including the bird flu.

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Tuberculosis

Why are elderly people more at risk for TB?

The aging process itself may weaken the body's immune system, which is then less able to ward off the tubercle bacillus. Finally, bacteria that have lain dormant for some time in elderly persons may be reactivated and cause illness.

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Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

Why koch's disease is the other term for tuberculosis?

first recognised by zoologists koch.hence the name.

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Tuberculosis

What are the symptoms of tuberculosis?

  • Common Cough
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Night Sweats

The general symptoms of TB disease include feelings of sickness or weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. The symptoms of TB disease of the lungs also include coughing, chest pain, and the coughing up of blood. Symptoms of TB disease in other parts of the body depend on the area affected.

The classic symptoms are a chronic cough with blood-tinged sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Infection of other organs causes a wide range of symptoms.

When the disease becomes active, 75% of the cases involve infection in the lungs (pulmonary TB). Symptoms include chest pain, coughing up blood, and a productive, prolonged cough for more than three weeks. Systemic symptoms include fever, chills, night sweats, appetite loss, weight loss, pallor, and fatigue.

  • prolonged cough
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • night sweats
  • fatigue
Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include
  • A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Coughing up blood or mucus
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
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