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Neuroscience

Parent Category: Biology
Any of the sciences that deal with the functions of the human nervous system and brain -- perception, memory, consciousness and learning.
Sensory neurons - (touch, odor, taste, sound and vision) are are  nerve cells that transmit sensory information. They are  activated by sensory input, and send projections to other elements  of the nervous system, ultimately conveying sensory information to  the brain or spinal cord.  ...
During depolarization, sodium (Na) rushes into the neuron through  Na channels (at the Nodes of Ranvier between the bundles of myelin  "insulation"). Less Na in the extracellular fluid would mean there  would be less to rush in. So, the neuron would not be depolarized  as well. The resting...
In simple terms - communication. Nerve cells, or 'neurons' are what process sensory information (like sight, sound, taste, smell, touch, pain, hearing, balance). Neurons are also what generate movement commands for muscles; and large collections of neurons working together are what give rise to...
Yes, they do. They have a type of endorphin that is called  leucine-enkephalin.
Artificial nerves, such as may be used in surgical reconstruction  of injured limbs is far from primitive. They are usually composed  of microscopic wires and microchips, but you should really ask a  HUMAN doctor about this. I specialize in ANIMAL LIFE.
They have Branches like a tree so that they can communicate better  with other neurons. The more connections the more information that  can be transmitted at that moment.
Myelin sheath, comprised of glial cells wrapped around an axon one after another (oligodendrocytes in the CNS, schwann cells in the PNS).
The action potentialhas three different stages-depolarization, hperpolarization andrepolarization. Depolarization iscalled the rising phase when positively charged sodium ionssuddenly rush through open voltage-gated sodium channels into aneuron. Hyperpolarizationis the phase where potassium...
The axon of some neurons can be a long, thin structure, wrapped by a myelin sheath to help it convey an impulse quickly over long distances and retain its strength (saltatory conduction).
unipolar bipolar multipolar anaxonic
In my opinon it would be Micro Naps, Narcolepsy, and sleepwalking. (I suffer all of these due to constant NightTerrors.) MicroNaps- You fall asleep with out warning or control. Only last about a minute. You confuse reality and your dreams big time. Dangerous if your driving or operating machinery. ...
The little substances go through the blood-brain barrier. Insulin  picks up glucose in the bloodstream and assists the glucose to pass  through the cell membrane in any body area.
Hyperpolarization means that the membrane potential becames more negative than the resting potential. This means that it is more difficult for an action potential to be triggered at the postsynaptic membrane. This occurs at inhibitory synapses.Hyperpolarization can be achieved by increasing the...
Well, the evolution of a complex nervous system makes it possible for "various animal species" to have advanced perception abilities like sight, smell, hearing, touch, and taste.
One way of increasing levels of dopamine in the brain is through the inhalation or digestion of marijuana. Dopamine is a chemical produced in the brain that is responsible for feelings of euphoria and reward. Very frequent use of marijuana can cause the brain to temporarily lose its ability to...
Impulses that travel along myelinated neurons are the fastest.
Opening of sodium channels and the fact that potassium channels arestill closed leads to rapid depolarization that may lead to theneuron firing.
It is called moyamoya and it an extremely rare genetic condition.
It is called moyamoya and it an extremely rare genetic condition.
S. Weir Mitchell   (1829-1914)   JMC Class of 1850    Answer 2   Jane Martin Charcot   see link below.
Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter that is produced by thebrain. It is responsible for alertness and motor function, so it isgood to have enough quantities early in the day. One of the thingsthat can improve the release of dopamine is to have a high proteinbreakfast. That would mean things...
it is about 4 microns to 100 microns in diameter
neuron = cell body + dendrites + axonsnerve = axon + schwann cells (peripheral nervous system only)equivalent term of nerve in the central nervous system is called tractsneuron is a type of cellnerve is an anatomical term
Myelin sheath. This is the insulating sheath which covers most of the axon, between the Axon Hillock and Collateral branches of the Neuron.
The 2 neuron pathway is the most simple nervous system pathway.  Spinal and cranial nerves are the major nerves in the nervous  system.
Any board certfied Medical Doctor should be able to prescribe physchiatric drugs. However the reason physchiatrists exist is because they can better diagnose and treat psychological issues.
Brain cells begin to die if oxygen levels are very low for four minutes or longer, and after five minutes permanent anoxic brain injury can occur. So anything up until 3 minutes is fine.
Obviously. Followed by a MBBS degree + MD/MS +further  specialisations
ATRIOVENTRICULAR (AV) NODE; THIS DELAY IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT ENSURES THAT THE ATRIA HAVE EJECTED THEIR BLOOD INTO THE VENTRICLES FIRST BEFORE THE VENTRICLES CONTRACT.as found in easy notecards .com
Serious complications from an MVD include Death (.1%), Stroke (1%), Hearing loss (3%) and facial weakness (.5%). Other complications include leakage of spinal fluid and wound infection (1%). Most patients will have transient neck pain and stiffness from the surgical incision and from seeding of the...
In myelinated axons, the voltage gated sodium ions are located along the nodes of Ranvier, the exposed places between the myelin segments. The gates here, however, are not particularly more concentrated than on other un-myelinated axons. TRUE
The endoderm and ectoderm
Neurons are grouped structurally according to the number of processes extending from their cell body.
The different ion concentrations on the inside and outside of the cell membrane create a certain electric potential around the cell (just by being there with their charge). A strong enough change in the concentrations can cause certain ion channel proteins in the membrane to open all at once,...
Dopamine is commonly referred to when discussing the rewards system of the brain. This neurotransmitter is responsible for acting as the system for the brain. Thus when extra dopamine is released during drug usage, it causes a positive association with the drug to be formed.In short: More dopamine =...
The presence of an enzyme called acetylcholinesterase that degrades acetylcholine is what prevents an accumulation of the neurotransmitter and sustained muscle contraction. Acetylcholinesterase is an enzyme that can be found within the neuromuscular junction. Thus, when a nerve impulse causes the...
The endocrine system has no direct role in?A. SexualB. Sensory perceptionC. MetabolismD. Composition of blood and bones
The entire brainstem is required for life.
Seizures due to fever are common in children. However, the cause of fever should be investigated to avoid repeat febrile seizures.
There is no specific lowest level of metabolism.
It blocks the receptors for acetylcholine, so the nerve cellscannot receive the signal to generate an action potential.
Dopamine is involved in the brain's reward and pleasure centers.
When a signal is sent out from the nervous system it is caused a release of a neurotransmitter that releases an action potential.
You can see them at Wikipedia. Just type 'neuron'
Dopamine is an " award " neurotransmitter, so abuse of drugs could be linked to dopamine.
    They are not prone to this illness but its not impossible   if ur dog has a seizure got straight to te vet
  A nerve is crushed between the two recording electrodes.
Soy lecithin is not, itself, a phytoestrogen. However, soy does contain phytoestrogen compounds.
Serotonin is not a neuron, it is a neurotransmitter. It relays information between neurons, with serotonin producing a calming, happy feeling. Lack of serotonin can cause depression, but an over abundance of serotonin can cause psychosis.
Sentence: Neurologists treat people with disorders in the nervous system.
No, the CNS is essential for human life, however some pieces of the CNS can be removed and life can still exist.
The respiratory system interacts most directly with the circulatory system in terms of function. Structurally, it shares some body parts with the digestive system.
The effector in the pupillary reflex is the smooth muscle of the  iris
The nervous system is made up of neurons.
For a software tool which can stand in as a substitute for motion capture and can be used with motion caprture id say, Yeah its quite fun, if you like that kind of thing,
Acetylcoline and epinephrine are among the neurotransmitters involved in the sympathetic nervous system.
Endorphins are a reward mechanism inside the brain, by which the brain is signalled that something good has happened that the brain should register a state of pleasure or happiness. They can also act as pain relief, when the body becomes too hurt to handle things.