Which European nation first colonized south Africa?

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the first white inhabitants to land at the cape (cape of good hope/ cape town) were the dutch.

however, the dutch were first to establish a permanent settlement in cape town as part of a refreshment station on the shipping route between Europe and India. the first dutch governor of the cape (Jan van riebeek) arrived in table bay in April 1652.

the English later took control of the region.

1652 The Dutch arrive
1688 The French Huguenots
1805 Colonized by the British
1820 The British Settlers
1961 Independence

Throughout this period to well into the early 1900 s immigrants from all over the world arrive with notable pockets of German, Scandinavian and Portuguese.The Afrikaans speaking (mainly Dutch) stock continue to dominate and played an increasing dominant role as British power was eroded.
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Why did the Europeans colonize North Africa?

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Why did europeans colonize Africa?

For there natural resources such as diamonds, gold, silver, coal, iron and copper John Thomson was the one who came to Africa. He can to Africa in1813.

When was South Africa colonized?

In the 1700s by the English and Dutch (Afrikaners and Boers). 1652 The Dutch arrive 1688 The French Huguenots 1820 The British Settlers Throughout this period to well into the early 1900 s immigrants from all over the world arrive with notable pockets of German,Scandinavian and Portuguese.The (MORE)

Why was South Africa colonized?

South Africa was colonised for a number of reasons. Firstly, SouthAfrica was located at the southernmost tip of the African continentand bordered on three sides by seas, which was an importantlocation for the European sailors to restock their supplies of foodand rest, so the Europeans wanted to cont (MORE)

What were three effects of European colonization on Africa?

Firstly, European imperialism created ethnic tension between the many diverse groups throughout Africa . The most prominent example are the Tutsis and Hutus of Rwanda. Belgium colonized Rwanda and favored the minority Tutsis. After the Belgians left, the Hutus began massacring Tutsis. European im (MORE)

How was South Africa colonized?

The Dutch colonized South Africa when the Dutch East India Companystarted a colony in 1652. Later, the British colonized SouthAfrica.

Why did European countries colonize Africa?

They needed markets to sell their products and places to get the resources to make those products. Also, they felt that their race was superior and was supposed help the rest of the world along.

How did the colonization of South Africa end?

There were three (or four) phases to the colonisation of South Africa. Initially, colonisation was by an influx of Bantu peoples from the north-east, who took over land previously occupied by the indigenous Khoi and San people. The Bantu moved south until they reached the Kei river. Areas south o (MORE)

Why were Europeans interested in colonizing South Africa?

Europeans saw Africa as a rich source of raw materials to use in industry and as a market for European products of industry. Also, it was felt that having a colonial empire at this time was part of being a European power, in order to be able to compete. Furthermore, some Europeans felt that they wer (MORE)

How did Europeans colonize Africa?

Well, when Europe decided to spread, Portugal went on a different route than the rest of Europe. Portugal ended up in Africa and found gold and salt. It quickly took over by controlling trade. It then set up colonies with all the supplies it needed.

Why did European countries colonize on South Africa?

At first Cape Town was settled by the Dutch East India Company (VOIC) as a refreshment stop en route to India. The fertile land provided a perfect settlement for more Dutch who trekked to Cape Town later. Soon they began developing the region to form a little Dutch colony. The British saw Cape Town (MORE)

Which European countries colonized South Africa?

South Africa was colonized in the main by people from Holland, Great Britain, and France.Holland and Britain set up governments and colonised actively. France only had influence through immigration of about 1000 of French Hugenots, religious refugees.

How did the colonization of South Africa effect them?


How did the British colonize South Africa?

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Why did European powers colonize Africa?

The best example of this was known as the 'Scramble for Africa'. There are several theories as to why it was colonised, the broadest which could apply to all of the 'Great Powers' is that Africa provided new markets for European goods and as well as that, also contained materials that the great powe (MORE)

What European nation colonized Africa?

What European nations colonized Africa in the 1800's because of it's a. military location b. economic strength c. proximity to Europe d. resources and markets

Who are the colonizers in south Africa?

\n. \n. \nTHE BRITISH occupied the Cape to prevent its capture by the French in 1795. Dutch rule was restored in 1803, as a result of the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, Cape Colony became a permanent British possession in 1806. Although at first the Afrikaners accepted British administration, resentme (MORE)

What was the first European country to colonize in Africa?

The Portuguese planted the first maritime colonies in Africa. The Dutch planted the first settled colonies in Africa. A maritime colony is a port city and some surrounding territory, but it is not terribly expansive. (Hong Kong until 1999 would be a good example.) A settled colony is a more ty (MORE)

Which were caused by European colonization of Africa?

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When did Britain colonize South Africa?

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The first European settlers in South Africa were successful because?

The first European settlers were successful because they found large tracts of fertile land that could be farmed with rich soil and a plentiful supply of fresh water as well as a generous rainfall. The climate was also quite similar to that found in the Mediterranean, making it very hospitable for a (MORE)

How did the boundaries by European colonizers affect Africa?

The boundaries drawn up by the European colonizers adverselyaffected the natives of Africa. The boundaries were completelyarbitrary and gave no consideration to the historical boundariesestablished by native tribes, causing people to have conflictingloyalties and generating unnecessary strife. In th (MORE)

Why did europeans colonize South America?

The lust for gold enticed the spanish to colonize and decimate the local population in south america. the search for the mythical city of El Dorado was also a decisive factor.

Who colonized South Africa and when?

There have been people in South Africa for millions of years. Since before people were people and were just apes. Over the years different tribes invaded other tribes areas and pushed them out, or into slavehood. The history we are aware of suggests that the San, (Bushmen) were dominant early on, (MORE)

Who were the European colonizers of Africa?

Mostly the British and the French colonized Africa. The French werelocated mostly in the North and West mainly the so-called GoldCoast countries, whereas the English colonized mostly East Africa,from Egypt to South Africa. Other colonizing countries were Belgium, which ended up 'owning'the Congo aft (MORE)

How did colonization of South Africa occur?

The Dutch East India Company wanted to trade with the East... the problem was that the Dutch had to travel by ship all the way around Africa to get from Europe to Asia, which took months. The Dutch set up a "refreshment station" at the bottom of Africa (the halfway mark of the trade route) to provid (MORE)

Was south Africa colonized by the European colonial powers?

The History of Colonisation is briefly Dutch rule in the cape colony 1652 -1795 British occupation 1795 - 1803 Return to Dutch rule 1803 - 1806 Second British occupation 1806- 1910 South Africa was, until 1910, made up of 4countries: Cape Colony Independent Boer South African Republic(Trans (MORE)