Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein was the fifth President of Iraq, serving formally from July 16, 1979 to April 9, 2003. Hussein served key roles in the 1968 coup or Iraq, as well as the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War. He was widely condemned for his brutality, and was executed on December 20, 2003 for killing 148 Iraqi Shi'ites in 1982.